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Stavropol Krai

Stavropol Krai
Ставропольский край (Russian)
—  Krai  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: none[1]
Coordinates:
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district North Caucasian[2]
Economic region North Caucasus[3]
Established October 17, 1924[4]
Administrative center Stavropol[5]
Government (as of May 2015)
 • Governor[6] Vladimir Vladimirov[7]
 • Legislature Duma[6]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
 • Total 66,500 km2 (25,700 sq mi)
Area rank 45th
Population (2010 Census)[9]
 • Total 2,786,281
 • Rank 14th
 • Density[10] 41.9/km2 (109/sq mi)
 • Urban 57.2%
 • Rural 42.8%
Population (January 2015 est.)
 • Total 2,799,600[11]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[12]
ISO 3166-2 RU-STA
License plates 26
Official languages Russian[13]
Official website

Stavropol Krai (Russian: Ставропо́льский край, tr. Stavropolsky kray; IPA: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) in the North Caucasian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Stavropol. Population: 2,786,281 (2010 Census).[9]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Politics 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Population 4.1
    • Ethnic groups 4.2
    • Religion 4.3
  • Administrative divisions 5
  • Agriculture 6
  • Notable people 7
  • References 8
    • Notes 8.1
    • Sources 8.2
  • External links 9

Geography

The krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders with Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, the Republic of Kalmykia, the Republic of Dagestan, the Chechen Republic, the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, and the Karachay–Cherkess Republic.

History

The krai was established as North Caucasus Krai on October 17, 1924. After undergoing numerous administrative changes, it was renamed Ordzhonikidze Krai (Орджоникидзевский край), after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, in March 1937, and Stavropol Krai on January 12, 1943.

Politics

The Krai Government seat

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the region (krai) was shared between three persons: The First Secretary of the Stavropol Krai CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the Chairman of the Krai Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the Krai Executive Committee (executive power).

In 1970-1978, Mikhail Gorbachev, a native of Stavropol Krai, occupied the position of the First Secretary of the Krai's Communist Party Committee. He left the region for Moscow in 1978, when he was promoted to a Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, to become the Party's General Secretary and the nation's leader 7 years later.

Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Krai Administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside the elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Stavropol Krai is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Stavropol Krai is the province's regional standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Krai Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The krai administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the krai Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

Population

According to the 2010 Census, the krai's population was 2,786,281;[9] up from 2,735,139 recorded in the 2002 Census[14] and further up from 2,410,379 recorded in the 1989 Census.[15] The population of the krai is concentrated in the drainage basins of the Kuban River and of the Kuma River, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered ethnic Russians, even though they are of Ukrainian origin and still form an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) and Pontic Greeks (here usually referred to as Caucasus Greeks) who have been coming to the area (largely from Turkey) as refugees or "economic migrants" from as early as the fall of the Empire of Trebizond in northeastern Anatolia to the Ottomans in 1461, through the Russo-Turkish Wars of 1768-1774 and 1828-1829, and finally following the Armenian Genocide of 1915.

Ethnic groups

The 2010 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than 2,000 persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multiethnic in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:[9]
Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,232,153 Russians 80.9%
161,324 Armenians 5.9%
49,302 Dargins 1.8%
33,573 Caucasus Greeks 1.2%
30,879 Romani people 1.1%
30,373 Ukrainians 1.1%
22,006 Nogais 0.8%
15,598 Karachay 0.6%
17,800 Azerbaijanis 0.6%
15,048 Turkmens 0.5%
11,980 Chechens 0.4%
11,795 Tatars 0.4%
7,988 Ossetians 0.3%
10,419 Turks 0.4%
7,104 Belarusians 0.3%
6,759 Koreans 0.2%
55,946 Others 2%
  • 26,855 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[16]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
  • Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • NGR: -0.21% per Year
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 34 768 (12.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 33 356 (12.0 per 1000) [17]
  • Total fertility rate:[18]

2009 - 1.45 | 2010 - 1.44 | 2011 - 1.43 | 2012 - 1.52 | 2013 - 1.55 | 2014 - 1.61(e)

Religion




Religion in Stavropol Krai (2012)[19][20]

  Russian Orthodox (46.9%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (7%)
  Muslim (5%)
  Rodnover (1%)
  Other Orthodox (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (19%)
  Atheist (16%)
  Other or undeclared (7.1%)

According to a 2012 official survey[19] 46.9% of the population of Stavropol Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 7% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 5% are Muslims, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, and 1% of the population adheres to Rodnovery. In addition, 19% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist, and 7.1% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[19]

Administrative divisions

Stavropol Krai is administratively divided into twenty-six districts (raions ) and ten cities/towns. The districts are further subdivided into nine towns of district subordinance, seven urban-type settlements, and 284 rural okrugs and stanitsa okrugs.

Agriculture

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3,361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e., had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water).[21]

Among the major irrigation canals are:[21]

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ According to Article 2 of the Charter of Stavropol Krai, the krai may have an anthem. As of 2015, however, no anthem has been adopted.
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ October 17, 1924 is the date of establishment of North Caucasus Krai, which underwent several renamings and administrative changes before stabilizing in its present borders.
  5. ^ Charter of Stavropol Krai, Article 18
  6. ^ a b Charter of Stavropol Krai, Article 8
  7. ^ Official website of Stavropol Krai. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vladimirov, Governor of Stavropol Krai (Russian)
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d
  10. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  11. ^ Stavropol Krai Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Демография (Russian)
  12. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  13. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  17. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  18. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  19. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  20. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Общая информация О водных ресурсах края (General information about the water resources of the krai), from the regional government site. (Russian)

Sources

  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. №6-кз 12 октября 1994 г. «Устав (Основной Закон) Ставропольского края», в ред. Закона №112-кз от 9 декабря 2014 г. «О поправке к Уставу (Основному Закону) Ставропольского края». Опубликован: "Ставропольская правда", №198–199, 14 октября 1994 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. #6-kz October 12, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #112-kz of December 9, 2014 On the Amendment of the Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai. ).

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of Stavropol Krai
  • News and events of Stavropol Krai
  • (Russian) Stavropol Krai News Portal
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