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Soyuz-T

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Title: Soyuz-T  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Soyuz T-15, Soyuz-TM, Soyuz 7K-TM, Soyuz T-2, Soyuz T-5
Collection: Manned Spacecraft, Soyuz Program
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Soyuz-T

Soyuz-T
Soyuz-T spacecraft
Manufacturer Korolev
Country of origin USSR
Operator Soviet space program
Applications Carry three cosmonauts to Salyut and Mir space stations and back
Specifications
Regime Low Earth orbit
Production
Status Out of service
Launched 16
First launch Soyuz T-1, 1979
Last launch Soyuz T-15, 1986
Related spacecraft
Derived from Soyuz 7K-TM
(Soyuz 7K-T)
Derivatives Soyuz-TM

The Soyuz-T (Russian: Союз-T, Union-T) spacecraft was the third generation Soyuz spacecraft, in service for seven years from 1979 to 1986. The T stood for transport (транспортный, Transportny). The revised spacecraft incorporated lessons learned from the Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Soyuz 7K-TM and Military Soyuz.

The Soyuz-T was a major upgrade over previous Soyuz spacecraft, sporting solid-state electronics for the first time and a much more advanced onboard computer to help overcome the chronic docking problems that affected cosmonauts during space station missions. In addition, solar panels returned, allowing the Soyuz-T to fly up to 11 days independently as well as a redesigned propulsion system, the KTDU-426. Finally, it could at last carry three cosmonauts with pressure suits.

Missions

External links

  • Russia New Russian spaceship will be able to fly to Moon - space corp
  • RSC Energia: Concept Of Russian Manned Space Navigation Development
  • Mir Hardware Heritage
    • David S.F. Portree, Mir Hardware Heritage, NASA RP-1357, 1995
    • Mir Hardware Heritage (wikisource)
  • Information on Soyuz spacecraft
  • OMWorld's ASTP Docking Trainer Page
  • NASA - Russian Soyuz TMA Spacecraft Details
  • Space Adventures circum-lunar mission - details
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