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South African general election, 1999

 

South African general election, 1999

South African general election, 1999

2 June 1999

All 400 seats to the National Assembly of South Africa
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Thabo Mbeki Tony Leon Mangosuthu Buthelezi
Party African National Congress Democratic Party Inkatha Freedom Party
Last election 252 seats, 62.65% 7 seats, 1.73% 43 seats, 10.54%
Seats won 266 38 34
Seat change Increase14 Increase31 Decrease9
Popular vote 10,601,330 1,527,337 1,371,477
Percentage 66.35% 9.56% 8.58%
Swing Increase3.70% Increase7.83% Decrease1.96%

President before election

Nelson Mandela
African National Congress

Elected President

Thabo Mbeki
African National Congress

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Africa
Government
Foreign relations

South Africa's second non-racial general election, was held on 2 June 1999.

This election was won by the African National Congress (ANC), who increased their number of seats by 14. Incumbent president Nelson Mandela declined to be re-elected again as president. Notable was the sharp decline of the New National Party, previously the National Party (NP), which party lost without former president F.W. de Klerk, lost more than half of their support. The liberal Democratic Party became the largest opposition party, after being the 5th largest party in the 1994 election. The number of parties represented in the National Assembly increased to 13, with the United Democratic Movement, jointly headed by former NP member Roelf Meyer, and former ANC member Bantu Holomisa, being the most successful of the newcomers with 14 seats.

Contents

  • National Assembly results 1
  • Presidential election in National Assembly 2
  • Provincial legislature results 3
    • Eastern Cape 3.1
    • Free State 3.2
    • Gauteng 3.3
    • KwaZulu-Natal 3.4
    • Mpumalanga 3.5
    • North West 3.6
    • Northern Cape 3.7
    • Northern Province 3.8
    • Western Cape 3.9
  • Notes to the tables 4
  • References 5

National Assembly results

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 National Assembly election results[1]
Party Leader Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress Thabo Mbeki 10,601,330 66.35 +3.70 266 +14
Democratic Party Tony Leon 1,527,337 9.56 +7.83 38 +31
Inkatha Freedom Party Mangosuthu Buthelezi 1,371,477 8.58 −1.96 34 −9
New National Party[note 1] Marthinus van Schalkwyk 1,098,215 6.87 −13.52 28 −54
United Democratic Movement[note 2] Bantu Holomisa 546,790 3.42 +3.42 14 +14
African Christian Democratic Party Kenneth Meshoe 228,975 1.43 +0.98 6 +4
Freedom Front Constand Viljoen 127,217 0.80 −1.37 3 −6
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] Lucas Mangope 125,280 0.78 +0.78 3 +3
Pan Africanist Congress 113,125 0.71 −0.54 3 −2
Federal Alliance[note 2] Louis Luyt 86,704 0.54 +0.54 2 +2
Minority Front Amichand Rajbansi 48,277 0.30 +0.23 1 +1
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] Cassie Aucamp 46,292 0.29 +0.29 1 +1
[note 2] 27,257 0.17 +0.17 1 +1
Abolition of Income Tax and Usury Party[note 2] Stephen Goodson 10,611 0.07 +0.07 0 0
Government by the People Green Party[note 2] Judy Sole 9,193 0.06 +0.06 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 9,062 0.06 +0.06 0 0
Total 15,977,142 100.00 400
Spoilt votes 251,320

Presidential election in National Assembly

Thabo Mbeki was elected president (unopposed) by the new Assembly on 14 June 1999, succeeding Nelson Mandela.[2]

Provincial legislature results

 Seat allocation summary of the 2 June 1999 provincial legislature election results
Party EC FS G KZN M NW NC NP WC
African National Congress 47 25 50 32 26 27 20 44 18
New National Party 2 2 3 3 1 1 8 1 17
Inkatha Freedom Party 3 34
Democratic Party 4 2 13 7 1 1 1 1 5
United Democratic Movement 9 1 1 1 1 1
Freedom Front 1 1 1 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party 1 1 1 1
United Christian Democratic Party 3
Minority Front 2
Pan Africanist Congress 1 1
Federal Alliance 1
Total 63 30 73 80 30 33 30 49 42

Eastern Cape

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature election results[3]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 3]
African National Congress 1,606,856 73.80 −10.55 47 −1
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 296,015 13.60 +13.60 9 +9
Democratic Party 136,859 6.29 +4.24 4 +3
New National Party[note 1] 70,141 3.22 −6.61 2 −4
Pan Africanist Congress 24,837 1.14 −0.90 1 0
African Christian Democratic Party 20,857 0.96 +0.45 0 0
Freedom Front 7,287 0.33 −0.46 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 7,166 0.33 +0.16 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 3,673 0.17 +0.17 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 3,575 0.16 +0.16 0 0
Total 2,177,266 100.00 63
Spoilt votes 30,469

Free State

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Free State Provincial Legislature election results[4]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 881,381 80.79 +4.15 25 +1
Democratic Party 58,163 5.33 +4.77 2 +2
New National Party[note 1] 56,740 5.20 −7.39 2 −2
Freedom Front 22,996 2.11 −3.92 1 −1
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 18,194 1.67 +1.67 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 12,548 1.15 −0.66 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 9,827 0.90 +0.45 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 8,798 0.81 +0.81 0 0
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 8,543 0.78 +0.78 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 5,119 0.47 −0.04 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 4,390 0.40 +0.40 0 0
Unemployment Labour Alliance[note 2] 2,974 0.27 +0.27 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 1,235 0.11 +0.11 0 0
Total 1,090,908 100.00 30
Spoilt votes 16,943

Gauteng

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Gauteng Provincial Legislature election results[5]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 4]
African National Congress 2,448,780 67.87 +10.27 50 0
Democratic Party 658,236 17.95 +12.63 13 +8
New National Party[note 1] 142,579 3.89 −19.99 3 −18
Inkatha Freedom Party 128,807 3.51 −0.15 3 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 71,630 1.95 +1.95 1 +1
Freedom Front 45,750 1.25 −4.92 1 −4
African Christian Democratic Party 42,621 1.16 +0.55 1 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 32,494 0.89 +0.89 1 +1
Pan Africanist Congress 26,781 0.73 −0.73 0 −1
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 11,450 0.31 +0.31 0 0
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 8,642 0.24 +0.24 0 0
[note 2] 5,896 0.16 +0.16 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 1,990 0.05 +0.05 0 0
Labor Party[note 2] 1,096 0.03 +0.03 0 0
Total 3,666,752 100.00 73
Spoilt votes 40,843

KwaZulu-Natal

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Legislature election results[6]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 5]
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,241,522 41.90 −8.43 34 −7
African National Congress 1,167,094 39.38 +7.15 32 +6
Democratic Party 241,779 8.16 +6.01 7 +5
New National Party[note 1] 97,077 3.28 −7.93 3 −6
Minority Front 86,770 2.93 +1.59 2 +1
African Christian Democratic Party 53,745 1.81 +1.14 1 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 34,586 1.17 +1.17 1 +1
Federal Alliance[note 2] 9,762 0.33 +0.33 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 7,654 0.26 −0.47 0 −1
Freedom Front 6,804 0.23 −0.28 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 5,801 0.20 +0.20 0 0
[note 2] 5,052 0.17 +0.17 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 3,451 0.12 +0.12 0 0
Mass United Movement[note 2] 2,261 0.08 +0.08 0 0
Total 2,963,358 100.00 80
Spoilt votes 46,141

Mpumalanga

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature election results[7]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 954,788 84.83 +4.13 26 +1
Democratic Party 50,421 4.48 +3.92 1 +1
New National Party[note 1] 27,909 2.48 −6.52 1 −2
Freedom Front 19,170 1.70 −3.96 1 −1
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 16,013 1.42 +1.42 1 +1
Inkatha Freedom Party 15,901 1.41 −0.11 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 12,586 1.12 +0.64 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 9,019 0.80 +0.80 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 7,296 0.65 −0.99 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 4,520 0.40 +0.40 0 0
Sindawonye Progressive Party[note 2] 4,318 0.38 +0.38 0 0
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 2,553 0.23 +0.23 0 0
[note 2] 1,090 0.10 +0.10 0 0
Total 1,125,584 100.00 30
Spoilt votes 21,502

North West

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 North West Provincial Legislature election results[8]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 6]
African National Congress 1,030,901 78.97 −4.36 27 +1
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 124,874 9.57 +9.57 3 +3
Democratic Party 42,593 3.26 +2.76 1 +1
New National Party[note 1] 29,931 2.29 −6.55 1 −2
Freedom Front 17,964 1.38 −3.26 1 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 16,785 1.29 +1.29 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 12,227 0.94 +0.58 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 9,613 0.74 −1.00 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 7,157 0.55 +0.55 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 6,759 0.52 +0.14 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 6,637 0.51 +0.51 0 0
Total 1,305,441 100.00 33
Spoilt votes 21,722

Northern Cape

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Northern Cape Provincial Legislature election results[9]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 210,837 64.32 +14.58 20 +5
New National Party[note 1] 79,214 24.17 −16.31 8 −4
Democratic Party 15,632 4.77 +2.90 1 0
Freedom Front 5,446 1.66 −4.31 1 −1
African Christian Democratic Party 5,004 1.53 +1.13 0 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 2,936 0.90 +0.90 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 2,158 0.66 −0.27 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 1,735 0.53 +0.53 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,728 0.53 +0.11 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 1,722 0.53 +0.53 0 0
[note 2] 1,360 0.41 +0.41 0 0
Total 327,772 100.00 30
Spoilt votes 4,897

Northern Province

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Northern Province Legislature election results[10]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 7]
African National Congress 1,464,432 88.29 −3.35 44 +6
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 41,700 2.51 +2.51 1 +1
New National Party[note 1] 28,159 1.70 −1.57 1 0
Democratic Party 23,486 1.42 +1.21 1 +1
Pan Africanist Congress 23,325 1.41 +0.14 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party 18,281 1.10 +0.72 1 +1
Ximoko Party[note 8] 13,817 0.83 +0.57 0 0
Freedom Front 10,727 0.65 −1.50 0 −1
[note 2] 8,931 0.54 +0.54 0 0
Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front[note 2] 8,229 0.50 +0.50 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 6,598 0.40 +0.40 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 5,644 0.34 +0.22 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 5,365 0.32 +0.32 0 0
Total 1,658,694 100.00 49
Spoilt votes 25,137

Western Cape

 Summary of the 2 June 1999 Western Cape Provincial Parliament election results[11]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 668,106 42.07 +9.07 18 +4
New National Party[note 1] 609,612 38.39 −14.86 17 −6
Democratic Party 189,183 11.91 +5.27 5 +2
African Christian Democratic Party 44,323 2.79 +1.59 1 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 38,071 2.40 +2.40 1 +1
Africa Moral Party[note 9] 9,513 0.60 −0.38 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 7,708 0.49 −0.58 0 0
Freedom Front 6,394 0.40 −1.66 0 −1
Federal Alliance[note 2] 4,153 0.26 +0.26 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 2,895 0.18 −0.17 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 2,854 0.18 +0.18 0 0
Government by the People Green Party[note 10] 2,453 0.15 +0.03 0 0
National Coalition Party[note 2] 1,126 0.07 +0.07 0 0
People's Liberation Party[note 2] 915 0.06 +0.06 0 0
Workers International Vanguard League[note 11] 672 0.04 0.00 0 0
Total 1,587,978 100.00 42
Spoilt votes 13,499

Notes to the tables

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Successor to the National Party.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb Party did not contest the previous election to this legislature.
  3. ^ The legislature expanded from 56 to 63 members at this election.
  4. ^ The legislature shrank from 86 to 73 members at this election.
  5. ^ The legislature shrank from 81 to 80 members at this election.
  6. ^ The legislature expanded from 30 to 33 members at this election.
  7. ^ The legislature expanded from 40 to 49 members at this election.
  8. ^ Successor to the Ximoko Progressive Party.
  9. ^ The Africa Muslim Party registered as the Africa Moral Party in this election.
  10. ^ Successor to the Green Party.
  11. ^ Successor to the Workers International to Rebuild the Fourth International.

References

  1. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Republic of South Africa Totals". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  2. ^ BBC
  3. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Eastern Cape". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Free State". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Gauteng". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  6. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - KwaZulu-Natal". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Mpumalanga". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - North West". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Northern Cape". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Limpopo". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Western Cape". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
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