World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo (1810)

Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo
Part of Peninsular War
Castle of Enrique II, Ciudad Rodrigo
Date 26 April – 9 July 1810
Location Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain
Result French victory
Belligerents
French Empire  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Marshal Michel Ney Field Marshal Don Andrés Perez de Herrasti
Strength
42,000, 60 cannons 5,500, 118 cannons
Casualties and losses
180 killed, over 1,000 wounded 461 killed, 994 wounded, 4,000 captured

In the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, the French Marshal Michel Ney took the fortified city from Field Marshal Don Andrés Perez de Herrasti[1] on 9 July 1810 after a siege that began on 26 April. Ney's VI Corps made up part of a 65,000-strong army commanded by André Masséna, who was bent on a third French invasion of Portugal.

Contents

  • Forces 1
  • Siege 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Forces

Ney's VI Corps included Jean Marchand's 1st Division (6,500), Julien Mermet's 2nd Division (7,400), Louis Loison's 3rd Division (6,600), Auguste Lamotte's corps light cavalry brigade (900), Charles Gardanne's mounted dragoon brigade (1,300) and 60 cannon.

Herrasti commanded 3 regular battalions from the Avila, Segovia and 1st Majorca Infantry Regiments, 375 artillerymen and 60 sappers. These troops were supplemented by 3 battalions of the Volunteers of Ciudad Rodrigo and 1 battalion of the Urban Guard.

Siege

Herrasti's 5,500-man Spanish garrison put up a gallant defense, surrendering only after Ney's artillery opened a breach in the walls and the French infantry were poised for an assault. The Spanish suffered 461 killed and 994 wounded, while 4,000 men and 118 cannon were captured. Ney's VI Corps lost 180 killed and over 1,000 wounded during the siege. The French soldiery then pillaged the city. The siege delayed Masséna's invasion of Portugal by over a month.

The next actions were the Siege of Almeida and the Battle of the Côa. A second Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo occurred in January 1812.

Notes

  1. ^ Perez de Herrasti, Governor of Ciudad Rodrigo

References

  • Chandler, David, Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars Macmillan, 1979.
  • Glover, Michael, The Peninsular War 1807–1814 Penguin, 1974.
  • Horward, Donald (ed.), The French Campaign in Portugal 1810–1811: An Account by Jean Jacques Pelet. University of Minnesota, 1973.
  • Smith, Digby, The Napoleonic Wars Data Book Greenhill, 1998.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.