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Romanians in Italy

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Romanians in Italy

Romanians in Italy
Total population
1,131,839[1]
(additional 147,388 Moldovans)
Regions with significant populations
Rome, Milan, Turin, Palermo, Bologna, Brescia, Bergamo, Florence
Languages
Italian, Romanian
Religion
Predominantly (Orthodox, Other Christians)


Romanians in Italy became a notable presence mostly after 1999, due to a large wave of emigration known in Romania as Fenomenul către UE (Movement to the EU Phenomenon). 80% of the emigrants went to Spain or Italy, whose national languages are related to Romanian. They were followed by a further wave beginning in 2002, when Romanian citizens obtained the right to leave their country and go to any Schengen Zone country without having a visa. As of 2013, there were 1,131,839 Romanian citizens with additional 147,388 Moldovans living in Italy.

On 4 November 2007, Italy started expelling Romanians with criminal records, after a wave of violent crimes of which swelling numbers of Romani immigrants from Romania were held responsible.[2] Roma are a large historical ethnical minority in Romania (over 600,000 people, 3.3% of the population) and they make up 6% of Romanians in Italy too.[3][4]

Romanian market in Monza in 2011

Notable people

See also

References

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