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Retroflex lateral approximant

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Retroflex lateral approximant

Retroflex lateral approximant
ɭ
IPA number 156
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɭ
Unicode (hex) U+026D
X-SAMPA l`
Kirshenbaum l.
Braille ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
Sound
 ·

The retroflex lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɭ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is l`.

The retroflex lateral approximant contrasts phonemically with its voiceless counterpart /ɭ̊/ in Iaai and Toda.[1] In both of these languages it also contrasts with more anterior /, l/, which are dental in Iaai and alveolar in Toda.[1]

Contents

  • Features 1
  • Occurrence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5

Features

Features of the retroflex lateral approximant:

Occurrence

In the following transcriptions, diacritics may be used to distinguish between apical [ɭ̺] and laminal [ɭ̻].

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Enindhilyagwa marluwiya [maɭuwija] 'emu'
Faroese árla [ɔɻɭa] 'early' Allophone of /l/ after /ɹ/. See Faroese phonology
French Standard[2] belles jambes [bɛɭ ʒɑ̃bə] 'attractive legs' Allophone of /l/ before /f/ and /ʒ/ for some speakers.[2] See French phonology
Kannada ಎಳ್ಳು [ˈeɭɭu] 'sesame' Represented by a
Khanty Eastern dialects пуӆ [puɭ] 'bit'
Some northern dialects
Malayalam മലയാളി     'Malayalam people' Represented by a . Apical. Never word-initial and long and short forms are contrastive word-medially[3]
Norwegian farlig [fɑːɭi] 'dangerous' Eastern and central dialects. See Norwegian phonology
Punjabi ਤ੍ਰੇਲ਼ [t̪ɾeɭ] 'dew' Represented by a ਲ਼. Mostly found in rural dialects
Swedish sorl     'murmur' (noun) See Swedish phonology
Tamil[4] புளி [puɭi] 'tamarind' Represented by a ள். See Tamil phonology
Telugu నీళ్ళు [niːɭːu] 'water' Represented by a

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 198.
  2. ^ a b Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 192.
  3. ^ Jiang (2010), pp. 16–17.
  4. ^ Keane (2004), p. 111.

Bibliography

  • Jiang, Haowen (April 2010), Malayalam: a Grammatical Sketch and a Text, Department of Linguistics, Rice University 
  • Keane, Elinor (2004), "Tamil", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 111–116,  
  •  
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