World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe

 

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
Logo
Logo
Headquarters Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Building, Harare, Zimbabwe
Central bank of Zimbabwe
Currency Zimbabwean Bond Coins
Website .zw.co.rbzwww

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe is the central bank of Zimbabwe.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Structure 2
  • Operations 3
  • Relevancy 4
  • List of Governors of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7
  • References 8

History

The bank traces its history to the Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, founded in March 1956, which in turn was the successor to the Central Currency Board. The Reserve Bank has continued to function, and has grown in operations and staff, through a variety of changes in sovereignty and governmental structure in Rhodesia and Zimbabwe. For over 4 decades the RBZ operated from the Reserve Bank Building along Samora Machel Aveneu adjacent to First street. In the late 80s a competition was conducted to design the new building and the winning design was by Clinton & Evans and Architects,they went on to design the Reserve Bank of Malawi Building as well. Construction of the new RBZ building began in 1993 and was fully completed in 1997 but was officially opened by President Robert Mugabe on May 31, 1996. The building is the tallest in Zimbabwe standing at a height of 394 feet with 28 floors above ground.

Structure

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Act provides for a Board of Directors and a Governor. The Governor, assisted by three deputy governors, is responsible for the day-to-day administration and operations of the bank. The current Governor is John Panonetsa Mangudya.[1] The Governor and his three deputies are appointed by the president for five-year terms that may be renewed. The Governor also serves as chairman of the board. The board's membership includes the three deputies and a maximum of seven other non-executive directors, intended to represent key sectors of the economy.

Operations

The Reserve Bank's most important role is to create and enact monetary policies. According to the bank's website, as the only producer of Zimbabwe's bank notes and coins, it regulates the amount of money in circulation. However, since a range of foreign currencies is currently in use for domestic transactions, the bank's ability to control money supply is limited. The Reserve Bank also looks after the country's gold and other assets, and serves as an advisor to the government, providing the government with daily banking services. It is also active in promoting financial inclusion policy and is a member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion.[2]

Relevancy

Due to the unstable economic conditions and failure to control inflation (2008), economists have suggested that the Reserve Bank be abolished. Some economists have suggested that the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe be reformed. Legislation in 2008 was debated in the lower house of the Zimbabwean parliament with a view to limiting the so-called quasi-fiscal activities of the Reserve Bank.[3]

List of Governors of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe

See also

External links

  • Reserve Bank of ZimbabweOfficial site:

References

  1. ^ http://www.newzimbabwe.com/business-15010-CBZ+boss+named+new+RBZ+governor/business.aspx
  2. ^ "AFI members". AFI Global. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  3. ^ http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2008-06/2008-06-27-voa2.cfm


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.