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Princess Eugenie of Sweden

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Princess Eugenie of Sweden

Princess Eugenie
Princess Eugenie (Daguerreotype photo)
Full name
Charlotte Eugenie Augusta Amalia Albertina
House House of Bernadotte
Father Oscar I of Sweden
Mother Josephine of Leuchtenberg
Born (1830-04-24)24 April 1830
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
Died 23 April 1889(1889-04-23) (aged 58)
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish Royalty
House of Bernadotte
Charles XIV John
Children
   Oscar I
Oscar I
Children
   Charles XV
   Gustaf, Duke of Upland
   Oscar II
   Princess Eugenie
   August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
Children
   Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
   Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
Children
   Gustaf V
   Oscar, Duke of Gotland
   Eugén, Duke of Närke
   Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Grandchildren
   Princess Margaretha
   Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
   Astrid, Queen of Belgium
   Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
Children
   Gustaf VI Adolf
   Vilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
   Erik, Duke of Västmanland
Gustaf VI Adolf
Children
   Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
   Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
   Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
   Bertil, Duke of Halland
   Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna
Grandchildren
   Princess Margaretha
   Princess Birgitta
   Princess Désirée
   Princess Christina
   Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
Children
   Crown Princess Victoria
   Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
   Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
Grandchildren
   Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland

Princess Eugenie of Sweden and Norway (Swedish: Charlotta Eugenia Augusta Amalia Albertina) (Stockholm Palace, 24 April 1830 – 23 April 1889 in Stockholm) was a member of the Royal House of Bernadotte and a dilettante artist.

Biography

Eugénie was born to King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg. She had weak health from birth, and it was therefore decided early that she should not marry. She did accompany her brother Charles to Prussia in 1846 with the thought that she might be presented there as a prospective bride, but no serious negotiations were ever made.

She said that this gave her the opportunity to live an independent life. When unmarried adult women in Sweden were granted legal majority in 1858 (initially only if they applied for it), she became perhaps the first woman in Sweden to request, and be granted, legal independence. When the siblings were little, one of their teachers took ill with tuberculosis, but was allowed to remain in employment, which may have affected the health of some of the children. Eugenie sometimes felt alone as a child: she was later to say, that during her childhood, she had the wish to be a boy just like her brothers were.


In 1852, during the royal family's visit in Oslo, several of them were taken ill. Eugenie had pneumonia, and her health never fully recovered from this. She also lost her "darling brother"; Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland, her favorite among her siblings, which affected her. She was an active Christian and interested in spiritual things. She was however, not a believer of any Christian belief in particular, but listened to several different Christian branches.

Eugenie was interested in many forms of art. She composed music, wrote poems, sculptured and painted the everyday life of the royal court. One of her friends was the writer Lina Sandell. Some of her designs were made into porcelain ornaments in Rörstrand and Gustavsberg. The most well-known piece of art attributed to her (incorrectly, however) is a drawing of a child and a dog called "Can't You Speak?", which became very popular as such an ornament. She wrote a book, Svenska prinsessor (English:Swedish Princesses), which was published in 1864 with a German book she had translated to Swedish, and her work was represented at the Stockholm Art Exhibition of 1866.

She used the income from her art to finance her social projects. Royal women were expected to take up charitable causes, but it is said that Eugenie's interest in social issues was genuine and not a duty. She freely gave away her money, to such an extent that her brother, the king, gave instructions to the governors in the cities his sister visited to "protect" his sister from "insolent beggars."

She had pneumonia several times, and was forced to confine herself to the few warm rooms in the royal palace during the winters. Her poor health gave her an interest in medicine, and she founded two orphanages and a home for incurables near her summer residence, Fridhem on Gotland, an island were she spent her summers since 1859. She founded an organization to help the handicapped and terminally ill children (1879), as well as Eugeniahemmet, a hospital for sick children (1882).

Sample of compositions

Piano compositions

Songs

  • Novemberkvällen (November evening)
  • Fiskaren (The fisherman) (1850)
  • Romans vid piano (Romance at the piano) (1859)
  • Sång Orden af Tibell (The Song order of Tibell) (1863)
  • Augusta-dagen (The day of Augusta) (1865)

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Jean Bernadotte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Jean Henri Bernadotte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Marie du Pucheu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Charles XIV John of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Jean de Saint Vincent
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Jeanne de Saint Vincent
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Marie d'Abbadie de Sireix
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Oscar I of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Joseph Clary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. François Clary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Françoise Agnes Ammoric
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Désirée Clary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Joseph Ignace Somis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Françoise Rose Somis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Catherine Rose Soucheiron
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Princess Eugenie of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. François de Beauharnais, Marquess de la La Ferté-Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Marie Anne Henriette Françoise Pyvart de Chastulle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Eugène de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Joseph-Gaspard de Tascher
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Joséphine de Tascher de La Pagerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Rose-Claire des Vergers de Sanois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Duchess Josephine of Leuchtenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Prince Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Princess Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Countess Marie Luise of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  • Österberg, Carin et al., Svenska kvinnor: föregångare, nyskapare. Lund: Signum 1990. (ISBN 91-87896-03-6)
  • Lars Elgklou (1978). Bernadotte. Historien - eller historier - om en familj.. Stockholm: Askild & Kärnekull Förlag AB

External links

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