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Prince of Asturias

 

Prince of Asturias

Princess of Asturias
Princesa de Asturias
Incumbent
Leonor, Princess of Asturias

since 19 June 2014
Style Her Royal Highness
Doña
Residence The Prince’s Pavilion
at the Zarzuela Palace
Appointer The King of Spain
Term length Life tenure or until accession as Queen of Spain
Inaugural holder Henry III of Castile
Formation 1388

Prince or Princess of Asturias (Spanish: Príncipe de Asturias, Asturian: Príncipe d'Asturies) under the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the historical and official title given to the heir to the Spanish throne. It was also the title under the earlier Crown of Castile. The current heir to the Spanish throne, therefore Princess of Asturias is Leonor, Princess of Asturias, daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia of Spain. Other associated titles originate from some of the other kingdoms that formed Spain: Prince of Viana (for Navarre), Prince of Girona (for Aragon), Duke of Montblanc (for Catalonia), Count of Cervera (for Valencia) and Lord of Balaguer (for Majorca).

Military dictator Francisco Franco appointed Juan Carlos de Borbón as his "successor with the title of King" but gave him the new title of Prince of Spain instead of Prince of Asturias.

King Felipe VI, during his tenure as Prince of Asturias, instituted what is now called the Princess of Asturias Awards, since the incumbent heir to the Spanish throne is Princess Leonor.

Príncipe de Asturias Peak in Vinson Massif, Antarctica is named after the Prince of Asturias.

Contents

  • History 1
  • List 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4

History

After the death of King Peter of Castile in 1369, the kingdom was drawn yet deeper in a civil war, disputes and long rivalled between English claimant, John, Duke of Lancaster, and two successive Trastámara claimants, Kings Henry II of Castile and his son John I of Castile. After two decades of conflicts of varying intensity, the parties arrived at compromise through means of marriage: the future Henry III of Castile (1379–1406) was married to Catherine of Lancaster in 1388. A part of the pact ("Accord of Bayonne") was to elevate the young couple to a title, Prince and Princess of Asturias, which was modelled after that of Prince of Wales in England. The title was to belong to the official successor of the Castilian throne. Thus the first Prince and Princess of Asturias were the young Henry of Castile and Catherine of Lancaster.

In the first years the title was not only honorary, as it included the ownership of the territory of Asturias; the Prince ruled the Principality in representation of the King and was able to appoint judges, mayors, etc. This was changed by the Catholic Monarchs, who limited the scope of the title making it merely honorary; this decision was upheld by the members of the House of Habsburg and the House of Bourbon until the present day.

List

Image Name Heir to From Until
Year Cause
Henry of Castile
(1379–1406)
John I
(father)
1388 1390 ascended the throne as Henry III
John of Castile
(1405–1454)
Henry III
(father)
1405 1406 ascended the throne as John II
Henry of Castile
(1425–1474)
John II
(father)
1425 1454 ascended the throne as Henry IV
Alfonso of Castile
(1453–1468)
Henry IV
(half-sibling)
1465 1468 died
John of Aragon
(1478–1497)
Isabella I
(mother)
1480 1497 died
Charles of Austria
(1500–1558)
Joanna
(mother)
1504 1516 ascended the throne as Charles I
Philip of Austria
(1527–1598)
Charles I and Joanna
(father and grandmother)
1528 1556 ascended the throne as Philip II
Carlos of Austria
(1545–1568)
Philip II
(father)
1560 1568 died
Ferdinand of Austria
(1571–1578)
1573 1578 died
Diego of Austria
(1575–1582)
1580 1582 died
Philip of Austria
(1578–1621)
1584 1598 ascended the throne as Philip III
Philip of Austria
(1605–1665)
Philip III
father
1608 1621 ascended the throne as Philip IV
Balthasar Charles of Austria
(1629–1646)
Philip IV 1632 1646 died
Philip Prosper of Austria
(1657–1661)
1658 1661 died
Charles of Austria
(1661–1700)
1661 1665 ascended the throne as Charles II
Louis of Spain
(1707–1724)
Philip V 1709 1724 ascended the throne
Ferdinand of Spain
(1713–1759)
1724 1746 ascended the throne as Ferdinand VI
Charles of Spain
(1716–1788)
Charles III
(father)
1760 1788 ascended the throne as Charles IV
Ferdinand of Spain
(1784–1833)
Charles IV 1789 1808 ascended the throne as Ferdinand VII
Alfonso of Spain
(1857–1885)
Isabella II
(mother)
1857 1868 mother's deposition
Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy
(1869–1931)
Amadeus 1871 1873 father's abdication
Maria de las Mercedes
(1880–1904)
Alfonso XII of Spain
(father)
Alfonso XIII
(Brother)
1880
1886
1885
1904
Ascended the throne as "Queen in Name" temporarily, and on the birth of her younger brother, reverted until her death in childbirth.
Alfonso of Spain
(1907–1938)
Alfonso XIII
(father)
1907 1933 renounced his succession rights
Juan, Count of Barcelona
(1913–1993)
1933 1941 Recognized as heir apparent to the Spanish throne and held the title in pretense from 21 June 1933, but preferred to use the title Count of Barcelona; renounced his claim to the throne in favor of his son, Juan Carlos on 14 May 1977
Felipe of Spain
(1968–)
Juan Carlos I
(father)
1977 2014 ascended the throne as Felipe VI
Leonor of Spain
(2005–)
Felipe VI 2014 Incumbent

See also

External links

  • The title of Prince of Asturias (in Spanish)
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