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Pomerode

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Title: Pomerode  
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Subject: German language, Immigration to Brazil, Santa Catarina (state), Blumenau, Netzsch Group
Collection: German-Brazilian Culture, Populated Places in Santa Catarina (State)
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Pomerode

Pomerode
North gate in Pomerode
North gate in Pomerode
Flag of Pomerode
Flag
Official seal of Pomerode
Seal
Nickname(s): A cidade mais alemã do Brasil
(The most German city in Brazil)
Location of Pomerode
Location of Pomerode
Pomerode is located in Brazil
Pomerode
Location of Pomerode
Coordinates:
Country Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina
Founded January 21, 1959
Government
 • Mayor Rolf Nicolodelli
Area
 • Total 215.904 km2 (83.361 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 24,607
 • Density 114/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.849
Website www.pomerode.sc.gov.br

Pomerode is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Santa Catarina, in Southern Brazil. It is located in the valley of the Itajaí-Açu river, not very far from the city of Blumenau, one of the largest cities in the state.

Pomerode is known as the most German city in Brazil, because the vast majority of its inhabitants are of German descent and are bilingual in German and Portuguese.[1]

Contents

  • History and the local language 1
  • Ethnic composition 2
  • Religion 3
  • Tourism and economy 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History and the local language

Pomerode was founded by Pomeranian Germans in 1861 and is considered the "most typically German of all German towns of southern Brazil".

One very remarkable characteristic about Pomerode is the fact that Pommersch is still being preserved by the majority of the local population.

In Pomerode, as in some other localities in southern Brazil (Santa Maria de Jetibá, Espírito Santo, among them), the German language is not a foreign language, but a Brazilian linguistic regionalism.

For a good part of the 20th century, the Brazilian government did not encourage people to speak German. As a matter of fact, at times it was actively repressed and prohibited, like during Getúlio Vargas's presidency. Today, after a long period of suppression, German is part of the curriculum in local schools and tolerated if not always encouraged by regional governments throughout southern Brazil.

Pomeranian German (i.e. Pommersch, not to be confused with Slavic Kashubian which is in English also called Pomeranian) is spoken by most town inhabitants of Pomerode, alongside with Portuguese, mainly by younger people. German-extraction Brazilians who are still bilingual speak the dialect of the regions they came from. In Santa Catarina this is Northern Germany, from Bremen to Danzig. In Rio Grande do Sul it is from the Hunsrück area south-west of Frankfurt and substantially different, at least to Germans.

The town government uses "Pomeroy" as the English translation of the town's name on its website, despite being etymologically incorrect.

Ethnic composition

Race/Skin color Percentage Number
Whites 92.01% 25,542
Pardos (brown) 7.19% 1,996
Blacks 0.61% 169
Yellow (Asian) 0.14% 38
Amerindians 0.05% 13

Source: IBGE 2010.[2]

Religion

Religion Percentage Number
Catholics 31.17% 6,896
Protestants 66.39% 14,690
No religion 0.98% 217
Kardecists 0.13% 29

Source: IBGE 2010.[3]

Lutherans are 63.76% of the population, as German Pomerania was traditionally overwhelmingly Lutheran. Over time, some of the Pomeranians converted to Catholicism, and Catholics from the rest of Brazil moved into the town.

Tourism and economy

South gate in Pomerode

Pomerode has a long history developing its manufacturing industry like other cities in the region. It is also located in a very rich agricultural valley. Additionally, in the last few decades the creation and development of the tourist industry has become a priority. To accomplish that, great efforts are being made to reinforce and celebrate the pioneering roots of the local inhabitants.

The tourist industry of nearby Blumenau (about 30 km (19 mi) away) is very well developed attracting hundred of thousands of visitors annually to its festivals such as Oktoberfest of Blumenau, the largest one in the world after the original festival in Munich. Naturally, this has generated a very positive impact on the tourist industry of much smaller Pomerode.

In addition to tourism the economy is dependent on industry, which includes knitted clothing, plastic articles, state of the art metal and mechanical industries, garments and cloth, and furniture.

References

  1. ^ http://www.turismovirtual.com.br/pomerode/pv/pv_cultura.php
  2. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  3. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA

External links

  • Pomerode's official website. Accessed on April 16, 2006.(Portuguese)
  • Portal Pomerodense. In Portuguese, interactive map about the city.
  • Travel Guide: Pomerode. In English, accessed on April 16, 2006.
  • Pomerode in Pictures. Visual content, accessed on April 16, 2006.
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