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Ozaukee County, Wisconsin

Ozaukee County, Wisconsin
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Ozaukee County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1853
Seat Port Washington
Largest city Mequon
Area
 • Total 1,116 sq mi (2,890 km2)
 • Land 233 sq mi (603 km2)
 • Water 883 sq mi (2,287 km2), 79%
Population
 • (2010) 86,395
 • Density 371/sq mi (143/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .us.wi.ozaukee.cowww

Ozaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 86,395.[1] Its county seat is Port Washington.[2]

Ozaukee County is included in the Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 Census, Ozaukee County had the 2nd lowest poverty rate of any county in the United States, at 2.6%. In terms of per capita income, it is the 25th wealthiest county in the country. Bolstered by low crime rates and school districts with high graduation rates, Forbes magazine ranked Ozaukee County #2 on its list of "America's Best Places To Raise A Family" in June, 2008.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Transportation 5
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Villages 6.2
    • Towns 6.3
    • Census-designated place 6.4
    • Unincorporated communities 6.5
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Ozaukee County was once part of neighboring Washington County to the west. Its name comes from the Ojibwe name for the Sacs.[4] The word probably means "people living at the mouth of a river."[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,116 square miles (2,890 km2), of which 233 square miles (600 km2) is land and 883 square miles (2,290 km2) (79%) is water.[6] It is the second-smallest county in Wisconsin by land area.

Lion's Den Gorge Nature Preserve is a large bluffland and wetland county protected area on the shore of Lake Michigan.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Ozaukee County
Lake Michigan shoreline, near Port Washington

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 82,317 people, 30,857 households, and 23,019 families residing in the county. The population density was 355 people per square mile (137/km²). There were 32,034 housing units at an average density of 138 per square mile (53/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.72% White, 0.93% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.2% were of German, 7.3% Irish and 6.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.1% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.4% German as their first language.

There were 30,857 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.60% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $62,745, and the median income for a family was $72,547 (these figures had risen to $73,197 and $88,231 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[13]). Males had a median income of $50,044 versus $30,476 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,947. About 1.7% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Transportation

Ozaukee County has a harbor in Port Washington on Lake Michigan, though not in the lakeside communities of Mequon or Grafton due to high bluffs along the lakeshore.

The Ozaukee County Interurban Trail is a multimodal trail for pedestrians and non-motorized vehicles. It runs through Grafton and connects to Sheboygan County and Brown Deer Trails via the old Milwaukee-Sheboygan Passenger Rail line.

Public transit is provided by a commuter express bus (Route 143) to Milwaukee with stops in Port Washington, Saukville, Grafton, and Mequon. The bus operates Monday through Fridays excluding holidays, and is run jointly by Milwaukee and Ozaukee County. The county offers a daily shared taxi, with connections to Washington County Transit and Milwaukee County Routes 12, 49 and 42u.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "America's Best Places To Raise A Family". Forbes. 2008-06-30. 
  4. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society: Term: Ozaukee County [origin of place name]. http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=3715&term_type_id=2&term_type_text=places&letter=O
  5. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  13. ^ "Ozaukee County, Wisconsin - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 

External links

  • Ozaukee County website
  • Ozaukee County Transit
  • Ozaukee County Interurban Trail

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