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Ohio's 6th congressional district

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Ohio's 6th congressional district

Ohio's 6th congressional district
Ohio's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Ohio's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Bill Johnson (RMarietta)
Distribution 50.16% urban, 49.84% rural
Population (2010) 716,828[1]
Median income $41,783
Ethnicity 95.50% White, 2.28% Black, 0.33% Asian, 0.82% Hispanic, 0.19% Native American, 1.69% other
Cook PVI R+5

Ohio's 6th congressional district is represented by Representative Bill Johnson (R-OH). This district runs along the southeast side of the state, bordering Kentucky, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. It stretches from rural Lucasville through Athens and several older Ohio River industrial towns all the way to the Youngstown city limits.

History

When Robert McEwen was first elected in 1980, the Sixth District of Ohio consisted of Adams, Brown, Clinton, Fayette, Highland, Pickaway, Pike, Scioto, and Ross Counties plus Clermont County outside the city of Loveland, Harrison Township in Vinton County and the Warren County townships of Clearcreek, Deerfield, Hamilton, Harlan, Massie, Salem, and Wayne.[2] At that time, The Washington Post described the Sixth as "a fail-safe Republican district."[3]

The Ohio General Assembly redrew the Sixth District following the results of the 1980 Census. The boundaries from 1983 to 1987 included all of Adams, Clinton, Fayette, Highland, Hocking, Jackson, Pike, Ross, Scioto, Vinton and Warren Counties, plus Waterloo and York Townships in Athens County; Wayne Township in Clermont County; Concord, Jasper, Marion, Perry, Union, and Wayne Townships in Fayette County; and Washington Township and the Cities of Miamisburg and West Carrollton in Montgomery County.[4]

Beginning with the 100th Congress in 1987, adjustments were made by the legislature to the boundaries; reapportionment between Censuses is unusual in American politics. A small part of the Montgomery County territory was detached, as were parts of Fayette County in Washington Court House in Union Township and the townships of Jasper and Marion. Part of Brown County was added, Jackson and Eagle Townships. These were the boundaries for the rest of McEwen's service in Congress.[5]

The district was largely rural and agricultural with no large cities. One of the major industries was the United States Department of Energy's Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant at Piketon, which manufactured uranium for nuclear weapons. The district was 97 per cent white with a median household income of $21,761.[6]

In 1992, the district was altered significantly to accommodate Ohio's loss of two House seats in redistricting. The state legislature anticipated that Clarence Miller of the neighboring Tenth District would retire, and thus combined the southern end of his district (which included Athens, Gallipolis, and Ironton) with most of the area previously represented by McEwen. Although the district did not include Miller's hometown of Lancaster, Miller decided not to retire and instead challenged McEwen in the Sixth District primary in 1992. The campaign was bitter, and McEwen eked out only a narrow victory. In November, McEwen was upset by Democrat Ted Strickland, a prison psychologist. Strickland himself was defeated in 1994 by Republican Frank Cremeans, but won the seat back in 1996.

For 2002 the district was shifted dramatically eastward in an attempt to create a safe seat for Strickland while ending James Traficant's congressional career by placing his hometown of Poland, Ohio, into the Sixth District. Traficant ran in the neighboring Seventeenth District instead, but lost. The district currently includes all of Columbiana, Gallia, Jefferson, Lawrence, Meigs, Monroe, Noble and Washington Counties, and portions of Athens, Belmont, Mahoning and Scioto Counties.

List of representatives

Representative Party Year(s) Congress(es) Notes
District created March 4, 1813
Reasin Beall Democratic-
Republican
April 20, 1813 –
June 7, 1814
13th Elected after Rep-elect John Stark Edwards
died before commencement of term,
Resigned
David Clendenin October 11, 1814 –
March 3, 1817
13th14th
Peter Hitchcock March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th
John Sloane March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
16th17th Redistricted to the 12th district
Duncan McArthur Adams-
Clay DR
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
John Thomson Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
19th
William Creighton, Jr. Adams March 4, 1827 –
????, 1828
20th Resigned after being appointed as judge of
United States District Court for the District of Ohio
Francis Swaine Muhlenberg December 19, 1828 –
March 3, 1829
20th
William Creighton, Jr. Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st22nd
Samuel Finley Vinton March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd Redistricted from the 7th district
Whig March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th
Calvary Morris March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
25th27th
Henry St. John Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28th29th
Rodolphus Dickinson March 4, 1847 –
March 20, 1849
30th31st Died
Amos E. Wood December 3, 1849 –
November 19, 1850
31st Died
John Bell Whig January 7, 1851 –
March 3, 1851
31st
Frederick W. Green Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Redistricted to the 9th district
Andrew Ellison March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd
Jonas R. Emrie Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th
Joseph R. Cockerill Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th
William Howard March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th
Chilton A. White March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1865
37th38th
Reader W. Clarke Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th40th
John Armstrong Smith March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st42nd
Isaac R. Sherwood March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd
Frank H. Hurd Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th
Jacob Dolson Cox Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th
William D. Hill Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th
James M. Ritchie Republican March 3, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th
William D. Hill Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th49th
Melvin M. Boothman Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th51st
Dennis D. Donovan Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Redistricted to the 5th district
George W. Hulick Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd54th
Seth W. Brown March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th56th
Charles Q. Hildebrant March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
57th58th
Thomas E. Scroggy March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th
Matthew Denver Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60th62nd
Simeon D. Fess Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Redistricted to the 7th district
Charles Cyrus Kearns March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1931
64th71st
James G. Polk Democratic March 3, 1931 –
January 3, 1941
72nd76th
Jacob E. Davis January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th
Edward Oscar McCowen Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th80th
James G. Polk Democratic January 3, 1949 –
April 28, 1959
81st86th Died
Ward Miller Republican November 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1961
86th [7]
Bill Harsha January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1981
87th96th
Bob McEwen January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
97th102nd [8]
Ted Strickland Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd
Frank Cremeans Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1997
104th
Ted Strickland Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2007
105th109th Retired to become Governor of Ohio
Charlie Wilson January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
110th111th
Bill Johnson Republican January 3, 2011 –
Present
112th

Recent election results

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1920 Cleona Searles: 30,903 Charles C. Kearns: 38,044  
1922 William N. Gableman: 28,939 Charles C. Kearns: 32,416  
1924 Edward N. Kennedy:[9] 29,283 Charles C. Kearns: 33,064  
1926 Edward H. Kennedy:[9] 24,730 Charles C. Kearns: 27,688  
1928 George D. Nye: 33,020 Charles C. Kearns: 43,519  
1930 James G. Polk: 37,158 Charles C. Kearns: 33,300  
1932 James G. Polk: 50,913 Mack Sauer: 39,668  
1934 James G. Polk: 42,340 Albert L. Daniels: 38,538 Mark A. Crawford: 312
1936 James G. Polk: 54,904 Emory F. Smith: 45,733  
1938 James G. Polk: 43,646 Emory F. Smith: 42,847  
1940 Jacob E. Davis: 52,769 Chester P. Fitch: 48,257  
1942 Jacob E. Davis: 31,793 Edward O. McCowen: 33,171  
1944 John W. Bush: 42,167 Edward O. McCowen: 45,284  
1946 Franklin E. Smith: 33,013 Edward O. McCowen: 39,992  
1948 James G. Polk: 46,944 Edward O. McCowen: 41,402  
1950 James G. Polk: 40,335 Edward O. McCowen: 38,996  
1952 James G. Polk: 67,220 Leo Blackburn: 66,896  
1954 James G. Polk: 54,044 Leo Blackburn: 49,531  
1956 James G. Polk: 72,229 Albert L. Daniels: 60,300  
1958 James G. Polk: 76,566 Elmer S. Barrett: 46,924  
1960 Franklin E. Smith: 65,045 William H. Harsha Jr.: 80,124  
1960 s[7] Gladys E. Davis: 61,713 Ward MacL. Miller: 76,520  
1962 Jerry C. Rasor: 47,737 William H. Harsha Jr.: 72,743  
1964 Franklin E. Smith: 57,223 William H. Harsha Jr.: 86,015  
1966 Ottie W. Reno: 35,345 William H. Harsha Jr.: 74,847  
1968 Kenneth L. Kirby: 40,964 William H. Harsha Jr.: 107,289  
1970 Raymond H. Stevens: 39,265 William H. Harsha Jr.: 82,772  
1972   William H. Harsha Jr.: 128,394  
1974 Lloyd Allan Wood: 42,316 William H. Harsha Jr.: 93,400  
1976 Ted Strickland: 67,067 William H. Harsha Jr.: 107,064  
1978 Ted Strickland: 46,313 William H. Harsha Jr.: 85,592  
1980 Ted Strickland: 84,235 Robert D. McEwen: 101,288  
1982 Lynn Alan Grimshaw: 63,435 Robert D. McEwen: 92,135  
1984 Bob Smith: 52,727 Robert D. McEwen: 150,101  
1986 Gordon R. Roberts: 42,155 Robert D. McEwen: 106,354 Amos Seeley: 2,829
1988 Gordon R. Roberts: 52,635 Robert D. McEwen: 152,235  
1990 Ray Mitchell: 47,415 Robert D. McEwen: 117,220  
1992 Ted Strickland: 122,720 Robert D. McEwen:[8] 119,252  
1994 Ted Strickland: 87,861 Frank A. Cremeans: 91,263  
1996 Ted Strickland: 118,003 Frank A. Cremeans: 111,907  
1998 Ted Strickland: 102,852 Nancy P. Hollister: 77,711  
2000 Ted Strickland: 138,849 Mike Azinger: 96,966 Kenneth R. MacCutcheon (L): 4,759
2002 Ted Strickland: 113,972 Mike Halleck: 77,643  
2004 Ted Strickland: 223,884 None John Stephen Luchansky (Write-in): 145
2006 Charles A. Wilson Jr.: 131,322 Chuck Blasdel: 80,705  
2008 Charles A. Wilson Jr.: 176,330 Richard Stobbs: 92,968 Dennis Spisak (G): 13,812
2010 Charles A. Wilson Jr.: 91,039 Bill Johnson: 101,580 Richard Cadle (C): 4,963
Martin Elass (L): 4,424
2012[10] Charles A. Wilson Jr.: 144,444 Bill Johnson: 164,536

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "My Congressional District".  
  2. ^ Ohio. Secretary of State. Official Roster of Federal, State, and County Officers and Departmental Information for 1991-1992. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 1991. 330-335.
  3. ^ "Election 80: New Faces in the House". The Washington Post. November 23, 1980. A15.
  4. ^ Ohio. Secretary of State. Official Roster of Federal, State, and County Officers and Departmental Information for 1991-1992. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 1991. 330-335; United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Printing. 1987-1988 Official Congressional Directory, 100th Congress. Duncan Nystrom, editor. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1987.
  5. ^ Ohio. Secretary of State. Official Roster of Federal, State, and County Officers and Departmental Information for 1991-1992. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 1991. 330-335; United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Printing. 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory, 102d Congress. Duncan Nystrom, editor. S. Pub. 102-4. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1991.
  6. ^ Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa. The Almanac of American Politics, 1994. Washington, D.C.: National Journal, 1993. ISBN 0-89234-058-4.
  7. ^ a b A separate, special election was held to fill out Polk's unexpired term. Miller, the winner of this election, served the remainder of 1960, until Harsha's term began in 1961.
  8. ^ a b Redistricting following the 1990 census resulted in putting two Republican incumbents, Robert D. McEwen and Clarence E. Miller (incumbent in the 10th District), in the new Sixth District. McEwen defeated Miller in a bitterly fought Republican primary election in 1992.
  9. ^ a b Probable error in records: Edward H. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee in 1926, and Edward N. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee in 1924, are most probably the same person. Which name is correct is unknown.
  10. ^ "2012 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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