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Northeast Regional (Amtrak)

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Northeast Regional (Amtrak)

90px
AEM-7s lead a Northeast Regional through New Jersey in 2005.
Overview
Service type Higher-speed rail
Status Operating
Locale Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States
Current operator(s) Amtrak
Ridership 8,014,175 (FY12 total)[1]
Route
Start Boston or Springfield, Massachusetts
Stops 35 between Boston and Newport News, 7 on Springfield branch
End Norfolk, Richmond, Newport News, or Lynchburg, Virginia
Distance travelled 664 mi (1,069 km)
Average journey time 12 hours 30 minutes
Service frequency 18 trains per day[2]
On-board services
Seating arrangements Airline-style coach seating
Catering facilities On-board café
Baggage facilities Checked baggage available at selected stations
Technical
Track gauge
Operating speed max: 125 mph (201 km/h)
Route map

The Northeast Regional is a higher-speed rail service operated by Amtrak in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States. In the past it has been known as the NortheastDirect, Acela Regional, or Regional. It is the busiest Amtrak route, carrying 8.01 million passengers in fiscal year (FY) 2012.[1] The Northeast Regional service earned over $536 million in gross revenue during FY2012.[1]

There is daily all-reserved service about every hour during the day. Trains generally run between Boston, Massachusetts, and Washington, D.C. with more between New York City and Washington. Extensions and branches extend to Springfield, Massachusetts and Richmond, Newport News, Norfolk, and Lynchburg, Virginia.

Travel times are about 4.5 hours between Norfolk or Newport News and Washington, two hours between Washington and Philadelphia, 1.5 hours between Philadelphia and New York, 3.5 hours between New York and Springfield, and four hours between New York and Boston.

Equipment

Trains usually have 6 to 10 cars with one or two locomotives pulling. Today the passenger cars are the rebuilt Amfleet I series passenger cars built by the Budd Company in the mid to late 1970s. Prior to March 2008, when Amtrak changed its format for the new Northeast Regional service, the first car was Business Class (formerly the last car), and the second car was the operational Café Car (formerly the second-to-last car). Today all regional trains have the cafe in the middle of the train, but the business-class car is still on the front. If a second Café Car is present, it is only used for passenger seating. Some trains offer a limited number business-class seating at the front of the Café Car, instead of having a dedicated Business Class car. The Coach Class car adjacent to business class usually is designated the quiet car, where passengers are asked to refrain from loud talking and mobile phone conversations. On rare occasions, an ex-Metroliner cab car used for the Keystone Service and the New Haven–Springfield Shuttle will be included at the front (after the locomotive) or end of the train.[3] This is usually a deadheaded car, and a locomotive leads all Amtrak trains on the Northeast Corridor except the Keystone.

Between Boston and Washington the service has overhead electric wires and largely travels over Amtrak-owned tracks. This segment reaches speeds of with electric locomotives, including the AEM-7 class, built 1978–1987 for the now retired Metroliner service with 5800 horsepower (4.3 MW), the rebuilt AEM-7AC with 7000 horsepower (5.2 MW), and the Bombardier/Alstom HHP-8 built 1999–2002 with 8000 horsepower (6 MW). The 8000-horsepower locomotives are not as commonly used on NE Regional trains, since they are standard power for the long-distance trains that use the Northeast Corridor (the Cardinal, the Carolinian, the Crescent, the Palmetto, the Silver Meteor and the Silver Star).

Northeast Regional trains in Virginia and along the route between Springfield, MA and New Haven, CT, use GE P42DC diesel locomotives and have generally lower peak train speeds. Because the Virginia segments are using freight railroad tracks, these trains are more likely to suffer delays due to congested tracks.

History


The services along the line, as inherited from Penn Central, once had their own names, such as the "Yankee Clipper" and the "Federal"; typically a name applied to at most one train and its "twin" in the opposite direction. Electrification ended at New Haven, Connecticut, requiring an engine change. On October 28, 1995 Amtrak introduced the "NortheastDirect" brand for all trains on the Northeast Corridor (and its extension to Newport News, Virginia) except for the express Metroliner and hourly Clocker services.[4] The November 10, 1996 timetable restored the old names in addition to the NortheastDirect brand.[5] The names (except the Twilight Shoreliner) were dropped with the May 16, 1999 schedule.[6] In 2000 Amtrak completed electrifying the route from New Haven to Boston in preparation for the introduction of the Acela Express, eliminating the engine change at New Haven. The first two all-electric round-trips to and from Boston were branded Acela Regional and equipped with refurbished Amfleet cars painted in the Acela-like "Capstone" livery. All-electric service began on January 31, 2000.[7]

Due to customer confusion with the Acela Express, the name was changed again on March 17, 2003 to "Regional".[8] On April 7, 2008, with the release of their new timetable, the name was changed again to "Northeast Regional" and as a result, Amtrak has started adding the new Northeast Regional logo to their cafe cars.[9][10] However, as of 2010, some Amfleet cars still have the "NortheastDirect" branding in the side.

Virginia service

Although Virginia is not strictly part of the Northeast Corridor, some Northeast Regional trains continue into "Amtrak Virginia" to expand passenger rail service within the Commonwealth.

Northeast Regional service south to Alexandria, Richmond, Williamsburg, and Newport News formally began on June 14, 1976, when Amtrak ended the Newport News 'section' of the Commonwealth of Virginia.

In October 2009 Amtrak extended the Northeast Regional with daily service from Alexandria, VA, via Burke, Manassas, Culpeper, and Charlottesville, to Lynchburg with support from the Department of Rail & Public Transportation, Commonwealth of Virginia.[11] This extension has traveled over CSX tracks between Washington, D.C. and Alexandria, VA, and traveled over Norfolk Southern tracks between Alexandria and Lynchburg. In the first month, ridership doubled expectations.[12] DRPT provided a performance guarantee for this route.

A further extension[13] south from Richmond to Norfolk along Norfolk Southern tracks was planned by the Department of Rail & Public Transportation (DRPT), and the Commonwealth of Virginia in cooperation with Amtrak. Certain track upgrades (e.g. passing sidings, replacing track to increase operating speeds) between Richmond and Norfolk that were necessary to enable this extension were funded jointly by Norfolk Southern and DRPT. Service started on December 12, 2012.[14]

On August 9, 2013, it was announced that Amtrak hopes to complete track upgrades and infrastructure built in order to have train service to Roanoke, Virginia, by 2016.[15]

Classes of service

  • Coach class: Coach class cars have 2x2 seating with reading lamps, fold-out tray tables, and an electrical (120 V, 60 Hz AC) outlet at each seat. Reservations are required.
  • Business Class: This is either a full business class car with 2x2 seats, reading lamps, fold-out tray tables, and at least 1 (120 V, 60 Hz) electrical outlet per seat, or this is a portion of the Cafe car with 1x2 reclining leather seats, with leg rests, reading lamps, fold-out-tray tables, and at least 1 (120 V, 60 Hz) electrical outlet per seat. Business Class passengers receive complimentary soft drinks. The Business Class car is normally supplied with a daily newspaper, often The New York Times, at its origin station. Regardless of car type, Business class has more legroom than coach, seats which recline further than those in coach, footrests, and window curtains.

Effective April 25, 2005 Amtrak abolished the previously common unreserved trains. Now, any ticketed passenger is guaranteed a seat on his/her train. "Reservations" may be made at any time after eleven months prior to the train's departure, easing the frequent practice of arriving at the station and purchasing a ticket for the next train. Now reservations are made online at amtrak.com or at 1-800-USA-RAIL. Tickets may also be purchased at the station closer to departure if the station is equipped with a ticket window. Quick Trak machines are available for self-ticket service in place of a ticket window.

Route

Most Northeast Regional trains operate over the Northeast Corridor between Boston and Washington (via New York). The Corridor is owned, in part, by Amtrak, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) and Metro-North Railroad (MNRR):

Trains which turn north at New Haven to serve Springfield, Massachusetts, operate over the New Haven-Springfield Line, wholly owned by Amtrak. Both Virginia extensions of the Northeast Regional (Newport News and Lynchburg) use the ex-Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, now CSX, between Washington and Alexandria, Virginia. From Alexandria the Lynchburg trains use the Norfolk Southern (ex-Southern Railway, ex-Virginia Midland Railway), while Newport News trains use the following CSX tracks:

There has been frequent service between Washington-New York and Washington-Boston through the day. There has been some service to Springfield, Massachusetts, either through to Washington or via a connection at New Haven, Connecticut. Trains between Springfield and New Haven run on Amtrak track but require a diesel locomotive there. Some trains travel as far south as Richmond, Norfolk, Newport News or Lynchburg, Virginia.

Until around 1999 some service to Springfield continued east to Boston, for an alternate Inland Route between New York and Boston. One weekend train stayed on this route until the November 1, 2004 schedule.

One train, the Federal (Twilight Shoreliner until 2004), formerly carried an overnight sleeper between Washington and Boston, giving the corridor 24-hour service; the Federal name (briefly resurrected in 2004) is no longer used as an indication of the absence of sleeper service, but a Northeast Regional runs in its place.

Station stops

State Town/City Station Connections
South Station, Old Saybrook, and intermediate stations are used only for service to and from Boston, Massachusetts
Massachusetts Boston South Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Lake Shore Limited
MBTA Commuter Rail: Fairmount Line, Framingham/Worcester Line, Franklin Line, Needham Line, Old Colony Lines, Greenbush Line Providence/Stoughton Line
MBTA Bus Lines: 4, 7, 11, 448, 449, 459
MBTA Subway Lines: Red Line, Silver Line (Phase II)
Back Bay Amtrak: Acela Express, Lake Shore Limited
MBTA Commuter Rail: Framingham/Worcester Line, Franklin Line, Needham Line, Providence/Stoughton Line
MBTA Bus Lines: 10, 39, 170
MBTA Subway Lines: Orange Line
Westwood Route 128 Amtrak: Acela Express
MBTA Commuter Rail: Providence/Stoughton Line
Rhode Island Providence Providence Amtrak: Acela Express
MBTA Commuter Rail: Providence/Stoughton Line
RIPTA Buses: 50, 55, 56, 57
South Kingstown Kingston RIPTA Buses: 64, 66
Westerly Westerly none
Connecticut Mystic Mystic
New London New London Amtrak: Acela Express
ConnDOT: Shore Line East
SEAT Buses
Old Saybrook Old Saybrook ConnDOT: Shore Line East
Estuary Transit District
Springfield, Wallingford, and intermediate stations are used only for service to and from Springfield, Massachusetts
Massachusetts Springfield Springfield Amtrak: Lake Shore Limited, Vermonter, Shuttle
Connecticut Windsor Locks Windsor Locks Amtrak: Vermonter, Shuttle
Windsor Windsor Amtrak: Shuttle
Hartford Hartford Union Station Amtrak: Vermonter, Shuttle
Kensington Berlin
Meriden Meriden
Wallingford Wallingford Amtrak: Shuttle
New Haven New Haven – Union Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Shuttle, Vermonter
ConnDOT: Shore Line East
CT Transit New Haven: J, Commuter Connection Downtown and Sargent Drive, Temple Street Garage Shuttle
Metro-North Railroad: New Haven Line
Greyhound Lines: Greyhound Bus Lines, Peter Pan Bus Lines
Bridgeport Bridgeport Amtrak: Vermonter
ConnDOT: Shore Line East
GBTA: Coastal Link, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
Metro-North Railroad: New Haven Line
Stamford Stamford Amtrak: Acela Express, Vermonter
ConnDOT: Shore Line East
CT Transit Stamford: 11, 13, 14, 21, 22, 24, 31, 32, 33, 34, 41, 42, 43, 44, Commuter Connection Central, Commuter Connection-North, Commuter Connection Route 1 – East, Commuter Connection Bulls Head, I-Bus
Metro-North Railroad: New Haven Line
New York New Rochelle New Rochelle Bee-Line: 7, 30, 42, 45, 60, 61, 62, 66, 91
Metro-North Railroad: New Haven Line
New York City Penn Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Adirondack, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Keystone Service, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
Long Island Rail Road: Main Line, Port Washington Branch
New Jersey Transit: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, Gladstone Branch, Montclair-Boonton Line, Morristown Line
NYC Subway: 1 2 3 A C E trains
NYC Transit buses: M4, M7, M20, M34 / M34A Select Bus Service, Q32
New Jersey Newark Newark Penn Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Keystone Service, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
NJ Transit: Newark City Subway, Newark Light Rail, North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, Raritan Valley Line, 1, 5, 21, 34, 40, 62, 67, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 76, 78, 79, 108, 308, 319, 361, 375, 378
PATH: NWK-WTC
Coach USA: 31, 44
Newark Liberty International Airport AirTrain Newark: to Newark Liberty International Airport
Amtrak: Keystone Service
NJ Transit: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line
Iselin Metropark Amtrak: Acela Express, Keystone Service, Vermonter
NJ Transit: Northeast Corridor Line 48, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805
New Brunswick New Brunswick Amtrak: Keystone Service
NJ Transit: Northeast Corridor Line, 810, 811, 814, 815, 818, 980
Princeton Princeton Junction Amtrak: Keystone Service, Pennsylvanian
NJ Transit: Northeast Corridor Line, Princeton Branch, 600, 612 (612 renumbered from 976)
Trenton Trenton Rail Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Keystone Service, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Silver Star, Silver Meteor, Vermonter
NJ Transit: Northeast Corridor Line, River Line, 409, 418, 600, 601, 604, 606, 608, 609, 611, 619
SEPTA Regional Rail: Trenton Line
SEPTA Suburban Transit Division: Route 127
Pennsylvania Cornwells Heights Cornwells Heights Amtrak: Keystone Service
SEPTA Regional Rail: Trenton Line
SEPTA Suburban Transit Division: Routes 129, 304
Philadelphia North Philadelphia Amtrak: Keystone Service
SEPTA Regional Rail: Trenton Line, Chestnut Hill West Line
SEPTA City Transit Division: Broad Street Subway, Routes 54, C
30th Street Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Keystone Service, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
NJ Transit: Atlantic City Line
SEPTA City Transit Division: Market-Frankford Line, SEPTA Subway-Surface Trolley Lines (Route 10, Route 11, Route 13, Route 34, Route 36), 9, 30, 31, 44, 62, 121, 316
SEPTA Suburban Transit Division: 124, 125
SEPTA Regional Rail: Airport Line, Warminster Line, Wilmington/Newark Line, West Trenton Line, Media/Elwyn Line, Lansdale/Doylestown Line, Paoli/Thorndale Line, Manayunk/Norristown Line, Cynwyd Line, Trenton Line, Chestnut Hill East Line, Chestnut Hill West Line, Fox Chase Line
Delaware Wilmington Joseph R. Biden, Jr. Railroad Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
DART First State: 2, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 20, 21, 28, 32, 301
SEPTA Regional Rail: Wilmington/Newark Line
Newark Newark Rail Station DART First State: 16, 33, 59, 65
SEPTA Regional Rail: Wilmington/Newark Line
Maryland Aberdeen Aberdeen MARC Train: Penn Line
Harford Transit: 1, 1A, 4, 6, 6A
Baltimore Baltimore Penn Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
MARC Train: Penn Line
MTA Maryland: Light Rail, 3, 11, 61, 64
Charm City Circulator: Purple Route, Artscape Shuttle
BWI Rail Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Vermonter
MARC Train: Penn Line
Park BWI Shuttle
MTA Maryland: 17, 201
Howard Transit: Silver
UMBC Transit: Halethorpe Line
New Carrollton New Carrollton Amtrak: Vermonter
MARC Train: Penn Line
Metro: Orange Line
Metrobus: 84, 85, 88, B21, B22, B24, B25, B27, B29, B31, C28, F12, F13, F14, F4, F6, L99, R12, T16, T17, T18
The Bus: 15X, 16, 21, 21X
MTA Maryland: 921
District of Columbia Washington Washington Union Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter, Thruway Motorcoach to Charlottesville, Virginia
MARC Train: Brunswick Line, Camden Line, Penn Line
VRE: Manassas Line, Fredericksburg Line
Metro: Red Line
Metrobus: D3, D6, D8, X1, X2, X8, X9, 80, 96, 97
DC Circulator: Georgetown, Navy Yard
MTA Maryland: 903, 922
Loudoun County Transit: Loudoun County
PRTC: Dale City

ELECTRIFICATION ENDS HERE ALL TRAINS MUST SWITCH FROM AN AEM-7 or HHP-8 ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE TO A GE Genesis Diesel Locomotive

Virginia Alexandria Alexandria Union Station Amtrak: Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star
VRE: Fredericksburg Line, Manassas Line
Metro: Blue Line, Yellow Line
Metrobus: REX, 28A, 28B, 29K, 29N
DASH: AT2, AT5, AT6, AT7, AT8, AT10
Burke Centre, Manassas, Culpeper, and Charlottesville stations are used for intermediate service between Alexandria and Lynchburg, Virginia.
Burke Burke Centre Fairfax Connector: 495F, 495G, 495J, 495M
Manassas Manassas Amtrak: Cardinal, Crescent
VRE: Manassas Line
OmniRide/OmniLink
Culpeper Culpeper Amtrak: Cardinal, Crescent
Charlottesville Charlottesville Union Station Amtrak: Cardinal, Crescent, Thruway Motorcoach to Richmond, Washington D.C.
Greyhound Lines
CAT: T, 7
Lynchburg Lynchburg Amtrak: Crescent
Woodbridge, Quantico, Fredericksburg, Ashland, Richmond Staples Mill Road, Richmond Main Street, and Williamsburg stations are used for intermediate service between Alexandria and Newport News, Virginia.
Woodbridge Woodbridge VRE: Fredericksburg Line
PRTC: Prince William Metro Direct
OmniLink, 1
Quantico Quantico Amtrak: Carolinian
VRE: Fredericksburg Line
PRTC: OmniLink, 1
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg Amtrak: Carolinian
VRE: Fredericksburg Line
FRED D1, F2, F4, VF1, VS1
Ashland Ashland none
Richmond Richmond Staples Mill Road Amtrak: Carolinian, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Thruway Motorcoach to Charlottesville, Virginia
Richmond Main Street Station GRTC
Williamsburg Williamsburg HRT: Route 121
WAT: Blue Line, Brown Line, Gray Line, Orange Line, Purple Line, Red Line, Yellow Line
Newport News Newport News Amtrak: Thruway Motorcoach to Norfolk and Virginia Beach, Virginia
HRT: Route 106/107
Woodbridge, Quantico, Fredericksburg, Ashland, Richmond Staples Mill Road, and Petersburg stations are used for intermediate service between Alexandria and Norfolk, Virginia.
Woodbridge Woodbridge VRE: Fredericksburg Line
PRTC: Prince William Metro Direct
OmniLink, 1
Quantico Quantico Amtrak: Carolinian
VRE: Fredericksburg Line
PRTC: OmniLink, 1
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg Amtrak: Carolinian
VRE: Fredericksburg Line
FRED D1, F2, F4, VF1, VS1
Ashland Ashland none
Richmond Richmond Staples Mill Road Amtrak: Carolinian, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Thruway Motorcoach to Charlottesville, Virginia
Ettrick Petersburg Amtrak: Carolinian, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star
Norfolk Norfolk Amtrak: Thruway Motorcoach to Virginia Beach and Newport News, Virginia
The Tide light rail: Harbor Park station

References

External links

  • , Amtrak.com.


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