World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah

Article Id: WHEBN0005664381
Reproduction Date:

Title: Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Moetzet Chachmei HaTorah, World Agudath Israel, Chanoch Gad Justman, Avraham Kalmanowitz, Biala (Hasidic dynasty)
Collection: Agudat Yisrael, Moetzes Gedolei Hatorah, Rabbinical Organizations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah

Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah[1] (Heb.: מועצת גדולי התורה ("Council of [great] Torah Sages")) refers to the supreme rabbinical policy-making council of several related prestigious Haredi Jewish intra national organizations.

The component words of the name are transliterated in a variety of ways. This is frequently done as Moetzet[2][3] and less frequently as Gedolai[4][5][6] and ha-Torah[4][6] or ha Torah.[5] The phrase is regularly shortened to Moetzes or The Moetzah.

Rabbis sitting on the various Moetzos are usually either one of the more prestigious rosh yeshivas ("heads") of yeshivas or Hasidic Rebbes who are also usually regarded by many ultra-orthodox jews to be the Gedolim ("great/est") sages of Torah Judaism.

Contents

  • In Europe 1
  • In the United States 2
  • In Israel 3
  • Members in Israel 4
    • Past members 4.1
    • Current members belonging to Agudath Israel 4.2
    • Current members belonging to Degel HaTorah 4.3
  • Members in the United States 5
    • Past members 5.1
    • Current members 5.2
  • See also 6
  • References 7

In Europe

Prior to World War II, only one such body existed, the World Agudath Israel .[7]

In the United States

The Moetzes of Da'as Torah.

In Israel

The Moetzet (usually transliterated with an ending "t") of Agudat Yisrael likewise constituted the Israeli Ashkenazic haredi community's religious policy leadership, and exercises strong control over political matters for strongly observant Israelis, such as joining government coalitions.[10][11]

Prior to Degel HaTorah's late 1980s break from Agudat Israel (because of the dominance of the Polish Hasidic groups), there was only one Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah in Israel.[12] With the breakaway (led by Rabbi Elazar Shach), two separate, at times complementary, councils were created.

The Haredi Sephardi Jews of Israel had also at one time followed the leadership of the Moetzet of Agudat Yisrael when it was still a body that generally spoke for most of Israel's Haredim. Eventually, however, the Haredi Sefardim broke with their Ashkenazi counterparts(,again because of the dominance of the Polish Hasidic groups,) and established the Moetzet Chachmei HaTorah ("Council of [wise] Torah Sages"), which in turn became the source for the formulation and expression of the policies and agenda of the Shas political party in the Israeli Knesset.[13] Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef became the main leadership figure of this council.

Members in Israel

Past members

Alphabetically:

Current members belonging to Agudath Israel

Moetzes Agudas Yisroel meeting February 2013 with 12 of 13 members present from l-r:Vizhnitz-Merkaz Rebbe; Boyana Rebbe; Modzitzer Rebbe; Slonimer Rebbe; Sanzer Rebbe; Belzer Rebbe; Erlauer Rebbe; Gerer Rebbe; Vizhnitzer Rebbe; Sadigur Rebbe; Bialer Rebbe; Bostoner Rebbe; (not in photo:Serit-Vizhnitzer Rebbe)[14]
Alphabetically:

Current members belonging to Degel HaTorah

Alphabetically:

Members in the United States

Past members

Alphabetically:

Current members

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Schloss, Chaim (2004) [2002]. 2000 Years of Jewish History (Fourth Revised ed.). Jerusalem, Israel: Feldheim Publishers. p. 294.  
  2. ^ Elazar, Daniel J. (1989). People and Polity: The Organizational Dynamic of World Jewry. Wayne State University Press. p. 129.  
  3. ^ Baumel, Simeon D. (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture among the Haredim in Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 34.  
  4. ^ a b Kranzler, David; Landesman, Dovid (1998). Rav Breuer: His Life and Legacy. Jerusalem, Israel: The Rabbi Dr. Joseph Breuer Foundation. p. 37.  
  5. ^ a b Tikkun 6. 1991. p. 62. Retrieved July 8, 2010. Agudath demanded insularity and an authoritarian organization. The Agudath founded the Moetzes Gedolai Ha Torah (the Council of Torah sages), a group of renowned rabbis, the interpret the problematic areas of modern life according to Torah law. 
  6. ^ a b Sherman, Moshe D. (1996). Orthodox Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 123.  
  7. ^ Amsel, Meir (1986). Encyclopedia Hamaor: Perpetual Memoirs and Responsa in 4 Divisions. Congregation and  
  8. ^ Hunter, Isaac (2007). Katz, Steven T., ed. Wrestling with God: Jewish Theological Responses during and after the Holocaust. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 557.  
  9. ^ Daring to Dream (pamphlet). New York, NY: Agudath Israel of America. May 2003. p. unnumbered. Retrieved July 8, 2010. Through the years, Agudath Israel has been guided by its Torah leadership, mainly through the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah (Council of Torah Sages), comprised of many of the country's leading rabbinic authorities. Aside from the focus put on their decisions and policy statements, regarding most every major issue confronting American Orthodoxy... 
  10. ^ Goldberg, David H.; Reich, Bernard (January 2009). Fatton, Jr., Robert, ed. Religion, State, and Society: Jefferson's Wall of Separation in Comparative Perspective. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan / St.Martin's Press. p. 224.  
  11. ^ Baumel, Simeon D. (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture among the Haredim in Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 34.  
  12. ^ Baumel, Simeon D. (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture among the Haredim in Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 41.  
  13. ^ Bick, E (Winter 2007). "A Clash of Authority: Lay Leaders and Rabbis in the National Religious Party".  
  14. ^ HaMevaser Daily, Issue# 1244, February 8th, 2013, pg 1, "Gathering of Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah of Agudath Israel"
  15. ^ a b c Hapardes, September 1941, p. 16
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.