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Mishima, Shizuoka

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Title: Mishima, Shizuoka  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shizuoka Prefecture, Tagata District, Shizuoka, Mishima Station, Naohiro Takahara, Izuhakone Railway Sunzu Line
Collection: Cities in Shizuoka Prefecture
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Mishima, Shizuoka

Mishima
三島市
City
downtown Mishima
downtown Mishima
Flag of Mishima
Flag
Official seal of Mishima
Seal
Location of Mishima in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Mishima in Shizuoka Prefecture
Mishima is located in Japan
Mishima
 
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • -Mayor Takeshi Toyooka (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total 62.13 km2 (23.99 sq mi)
Population (September 2014)
 • Total 110,705
 • Density 1,780/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Ginkgo biloba
• Flower Mishima sakura
• Bird European kingfisher
Phone number 055-975-3111
Address 4-47 Kitatamachi, Mishima-shi, Shizuoka-ken 411-8666
Website .jp.shizuoka.mishima.citywww
Mishima City Hall
Mishima City from south

Mishima (三島市 Mishima-shi) is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of September 2014, the city had an estimated population of 110,705 and a population density of 1,780 persons per km2. The total area was 62.13 km2.

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Surrounding municipalities 1.1
  • Climate 2
  • History 3
  • Economy 4
  • Sister City relations 5
  • Transport 6
    • Rail 6.1
    • Highways 6.2
  • Education 7
  • Culture 8
  • Notable people from Mishima 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Geography

Mishima is located in far eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, at the top of Izu Peninsula and in the foothills of Mount Fuji.

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Mishima has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from June to September.

Climate data for Mishima, Shizuoka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.2
(52.2)
14.0
(57.2)
19.1
(66.4)
23.1
(73.6)
25.7
(78.3)
29.0
(84.2)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
22.3
(72.1)
18.0
(64.4)
13.4
(56.1)
20.42
(68.75)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
5.6
(42.1)
8.6
(47.5)
13.9
(57)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77)
26.3
(79.3)
22.9
(73.2)
17.2
(63)
12.3
(54.1)
7.3
(45.1)
15.31
(59.55)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.4
(32.7)
3.3
(37.9)
8.9
(48)
13.2
(55.8)
17.9
(64.2)
21.9
(71.4)
22.7
(72.9)
19.1
(66.4)
12.7
(54.9)
7.2
(45)
1.7
(35.1)
10.71
(51.28)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73.9
(2.909)
87.0
(3.425)
153.2
(6.031)
161.6
(6.362)
165.3
(6.508)
251.3
(9.894)
198.1
(7.799)
221.8
(8.732)
221.8
(8.732)
154.0
(6.063)
110.1
(4.335)
60.7
(2.39)
1,858.8
(73.18)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
Average relative humidity (%) 66 66 67 71 73 78 80 78 78 76 74 70 73.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 172.9 145.3 160.1 155.4 175.9 121.3 132.2 180.1 130.2 139.9 144.6 169.2 1,827.1
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

History

Mishima is an ancient town, which developed around the important Prince Komatsu Akihito established a villa in Mishima. Its gardens, the Rakujūen, are a noted visitor attraction in Mishima to this day. In 1896, Kimisawa District became part of Tagata District, Shizuoka. Mishima received its first train connection in 1898 when the predecessor of the Izuhakone Railway established what is now Shimo-Togari Station. The Sunzu Line began operations from 1906. However, Mishima's fortunes revived strongly only after the Tanna Tunnel was completed in 1934, connecting the town to the Tōkaidō Main Line railway between Tokyo and Shizuoka. Mishima developed rapidly afterwards, merging with neighboring Kitakami Village in 1935 and Watada Village in 1941. Mishima Town was elevated in status to a city on April 29, 1941. It became a stop on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen from 1969, leading to an expansion in population, as the line made it possible to commute to Tokyo.

Economy

Mishima is a major industrial center within Shizuoka Prefecture. In addition to a railroad repair facility operated by JR Central, the city hosts factories from:

Sister City relations

Transport

Rail

Highways

Education

The College of International Relations for Nihon University is located in Mishima. Mishima is also home to the National Institute of Genetics.

Culture

  • Novelist Kimitake Hiraoka adopted his pen name Yukio Mishima after the city.
  • The Mishima Summer Festival takes place from August 15 to 17 every year, in and around the Mishima Taisha shrine, as well as near Mishima Station. Mikoshi are carried through the streets and the taiko are played.
  • Mishima is home to the Ryūtaku-ji Rinzai Zen temple.
  • Vangi Sculpture Garden Museum, Izu Photo Museum and Yukio Literary Museum are all located close together outside Mishima City.

Notable people from Mishima

References

  1. ^ "Mishima Climate Normals 1961-1990".  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Mishima City official website (Japanese)
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