World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Malawian English

Article Id: WHEBN0001923658
Reproduction Date:

Title: Malawian English  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of dialects of the English language, Languages of Malawi, Malawi Lomwe language, Ndali language, Tumbuka language
Collection: English Dialects, Languages of Malawi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Malawian English

Malawian English is the English language as spoken in Malawi. English and Chichewa are the country's two official languages.

English was introduced into Malawi towards the end of the 19th century, due to the influence of British explorers, missionaries, the arrival of the African Lakes Corporation, and colonial administrators present since the establishment in the 1890s of the British Central Africa Protectorate. The seventy years of British colonial rule that followed the Scramble for Africa, set the groundwork for English to grow into the area's dominant and most socially prestigious language.

Since Malawian independence, the dominance of English has continued:

  • official government records are written in English,
  • parliament conducts its deliberations in English,
  • the laws of Malawi are written in English,
  • progression into secondary and higher education requires certification of competence in English,
  • nearly all Malawian newspapers are published in English (though some include small Chichewa supplements),
  • English remains the language of commerce in the country.

This remains true despite a large majority of Malawians speaking Chichewa and the small number of English speakers outside urban centres. Also, in Malawian government schools, students are taught in Chichewa, and learn English as a second language from about age 10. But in international schools in Malawi (like Saint Andrew's International High School in Blantyre) which follow the British curriculum, English is the language students are taught in, and do not learn Chichewa at all, as it is regarded as a local language.

English words are even replacing their equivalents in other Malawi languages. One study of a corpus of Chichewa discourse captured over a ten-year period found that references to numbers greater than 3 were exclusively in English, at least in urban areas. [1]

Malawian English has a slight tinge of non-linguistic expressions that are still used, such as "eesh!", an exclamation meaning "oh my!"

Notes

  1. ^ Simango, Silvester Ron (2000). "‘My Madam is Fine’: The Adaptation of English Loans in Chichewa" (pdf). Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 21 (6): 487–507.   See page 503. Abstract is in HTML format.

External links and sources

  • Malawi's Ministry of Information and Tourism
  • Malawi SDNP and UNDP Malawi, supported by the United Nations Development Programme
  • University of Malawi website, including admission requirements
  • Mzuzu University


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.