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Lockheed AQM-60 Kingfisher

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Title: Lockheed AQM-60 Kingfisher  
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Lockheed AQM-60 Kingfisher

AQM-60 Kingfisher
An X-7 similar to the AQM-60 Kingfisher
Role Target Drone
National origin United States of America
Manufacturer Lockheed
First flight April 1951
Primary user United States Air Force
Developed from Lockheed X-7

The AQM-60 Kingfisher, originally designated XQ-5, was a target version of the USAF's X-7 test aircraft built by the Lockheed Corporation. The X-7's development began in 1946 after a request from the USAF for a Mach 3 unmanned test vehicle. This unmanned test craft eventually evolved into the Kingfisher when the need arose for a target to test anti-missile systems such as the SAM-A-7/MIM-3 Nike Ajax, SAM-A-25/MIM-14 Nike Hercules, and IM-99/CIM-10. The Kingfisher evaded the vast majority of the anti-missile systems and was only shot down a few times during the tests. This, coupled with political fall-out from the program, led to the eventual discontinuation of production in 1959 and the cancellation of the project in the mid-1960s.

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Length: 38 ft 1 in (11.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 9 ft 10 in (3 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 11 in (2.1 m)
  • Gross weight: 7,937 lb (3,600 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Marquardt XRJ43-MA ramjet (Sustainer)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Thiokol XM45 (5KS50000) solid-fuel rockets, 50,000 lbf (222 kN) thrust each for 5s (Boosters)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 4.3
  • Range: 113 nmi; 130 mi (210 km)
  • Service ceiling: 98,000 ft (30,000 m)

References

  • Directory of US Military Rockets and Missiles
  • http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/m-60.html
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