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List of wettest tropical cyclones by country

 

List of wettest tropical cyclones by country

This is a list of wettest tropical cyclones by country, using all known available sources. Data is most complete for Australia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Japan, Hong Kong, Mexico, Taiwan, Yap, Chuuk, and the United States, with fragmentary data available for other countries. The French region of Réunion holds several world records for tropical cyclone rainfall, due to the rough topography and its proximity to the Indian ocean.


Antigua and Barbuda

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 465.3 18.32 Lenny 1999 V. C. Bird International Airport [1]
2 252.5 9.94 Luis 1995 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
3 245.8 9.68 Frederic 1979 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
4 232.6 9.16 Omar 2008 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
5 198.3 7.81 Earl 2010 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
6 194.1 7.64 Jose 1999 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
7 188.9 7.44 Hugo 1989 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
8 163.6 6.44 Daisy 1962 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
9 159.2 6.27 Iris 1995 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
10 144.8 5.70 Floyd 1981 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]

Australia


Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1947 76.65 Peter 1979 Mt. Bellenden Ker [4]
2 1870 73.62 Rona-Frank 1999 Mt. Bellenden Ker [4]
3 1411 55.55 Mackay Cyclone 1918 Mackay
4 1318 51.89 Wanda 1974 Mt. Glorious [5]
5 1065 41.93 May 1998 Burketown [6]
6 >1000 >39.00 Ellie 2009 [7]
7 ~1000 ~39.00 Oswald 2013 Tully [8]
8 927 36.50 April 1898 cyclone Whim Creek [9]
9 907 35.71 Feb. 1893 cyclone Crohamhurst [5]
10 900 35.43 Feb 1954 cyclone Springbrook [5]

Christmas Island

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 102.4 4.03 Jacob 2007 [10]

Cocos Islands

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 844.6 33.25 11U 2013 Cocos Island Airport [11]
2 298.0 11.73 Pedro 1989 [12]
3 170.0 6.69 Walter 2001 [13]
4 66.9 2.63 Annie 1973 [14]

Bahamas

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 747.5 29.43 Noel 2007 Long Island [15]
2 436.6 17.19 Flora 1963 Duncan Town Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
3 390.1 15.36 Inez 1966 Nassau Airport [16]
4 337.1 13.27 Fox 1952 New Providence [16]
5 321.1 12.64 Michelle 2001 Nassau [17]
6 309.4 12.18 Erin 1995 Church Grove [18]
7 260.0 9.88 Fay 2008 Freeport [19]
8 236.7 9.32 Floyd 1999 Little Harbor Abacos [20]
9 216.4 8.52 Cleo 1964 West End [16]
10 207.0 8.15 Betsy 1965 Green Turtle Cay [16]

Bangladesh

Bangladesh has been the scene of the greatest tropical cyclone casualties in recent times. The country is quite flat and generally lies near sea level.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 452 17.8 03B 2005 [21]
2 ~300 ~12.00 Rashmi 2008 [22]
3 280 11.02 Monsoon Depression — Sep. 2004 Barisal [23]
4 253 10.00 Mahasen 2013 Patuakhali [24]
5 227.2 8.94 Trop. Depression — Oct. 2004 Rangpur [25]
6 220.0 8.66 Bhola 1970 Maya Bandar [26]
7 200 7.87 Sidr 2007 [27]
8 130 5.11 Aila 2009 Chittagong [28]
9 129 5.07 Bijli 2009 [29]
10 53 2.13 Akash 2007 [30]

Belize

This country has terrain mainly across its southern sections, with elevations up to about 3,700 feet (1,100 m).[31] The highest reported rainfall in what was formerly British Honduras occurred during Hurricane Keith in 2000 when 32.67 inches (830 mm) of rain fell in a 24 hour period at Phillip Goodson International Airport in Belize City.[32] It should be noted that equally heavy rains could have fallen during Hurricane Hattie of 1961 and Hurricane Fifi of 1974.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 829.8 32.67 Keith 2000 Phillip Goodson Int'l Airport [32]
2 546.6 21.52 T.D. #16 2008 Baldy Beacon [33]
3 249.2 9.81 Chantal 2001 Towerhill [34]
4 246.0 9.69 Mitch 1998 Central Farm Meteorological Station [35]
5 241.0 9.49 Gert 1993 Hunting Caye [36]
6 179.0 7.05 Greta 1978 Central Farm Meteorological Station [35]
7 152.4 6.00 Fifi 1974 La Placencia [37]
8 131.0 5.16 Hermine 1980 Central Farm Meteorological Station [35]
9 101.6 4.00 Iris 2001 [38]
10 68.0 2.68 Opal 1995 Central Farm Meteorological Station [35]

Cambodia


Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 404.1 15.91 Linda 1997 Kompot [39]
2 240.0 9.45 Violet 1964 Paksa [40]
3 30.5 1.20 Faith 1998 Kompong Cham [41]

Canada

Tropical cyclones are usually in transition to extratropical cyclones by the time they reach Atlantic Canada, though occasionally they retain their tropical status. No tropical cyclone has ever hit Canada's Pacific coast.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 302.0 11.89 Harvey 1999 Oxford [42]
2 249.9 9.84 Beth 1971 Halifax [43]
3 238.0 9.37 Igor 2010 St. Lawrence [44]
4 213.6 8.41 Hazel 1954 Snelgrove [45]
5 200.4 7.89 Chantal 2007 Argentia [46]
6 191.0 7.52 Bertha 1990 Hunters Mountain [47]
7 185.0 7.28 Sandy 2012 Charlevoix [48]
8 175.0 6.90 Gabrielle 2001 St. John's [49]
9 165.0 6.50 Cristobal 2008 Baccaro Point [50]
9 165.0 6.50 Leslie 2012 Shubenacadie [51]

China

China is a mountainous country, which leads to rapid dissipation of cyclones that move inland as well as significant amounts of rain from those dissipating cyclones. Typhoon Nina (1975) caused the collapse of two huge reservoirs and ten smaller dams when 1,062 millimetres (41.8 in) fell in Henan Province during a 24 hour period, which is the record for Mainland China. Typhoon Sam of the 1999 Pacific typhoon season became the wettest known tropical cyclone to impact Hong Kong since records began in 1884, breaking a 73 year old record.[52] Precipitation associated with tropical cyclones and their remains can bring snow to Tibet. An early October 2004 tropical depression brought daily precipitation of 6 centimetres (2.4 in) of liquid equivalent precipitation to Che-Ku county in the form of heavy snow, which was a new October daily precipitation record for both rain and snow. This led to a loss of 340,000 kg of food, 230,000 kg of forage grass, and 263 livestock in the snowstorm.[25]


Mainland

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 2749.0 108.21 Carla 1967 Hsin-Liao [53]
2 1248.0 49.13 Gloria 1963 Paishih [53]
3 1062.0 41.81 Nina 1975
4 831.1 32.72 Fitow 2001 [54]
5 703.5 27.70 Rananim 2004 [55]
6 >600.0 >24.00 Haikui 2012 Annui Province [56]
7 555.0 21.85 Chanchu 2006 [57]
8 >400.0 >15.74 Saola 2012 [58]
9 360.6 14.20 Bilis 2006 Guangdong [59]
10 355.6 14.00 Tasha 1990 [60]

Costa Rica

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 920.0 36.22 Cesar 1996 Alto de Tinamaste[61]
2 466.6 18.37 Mitch 1998 Jaco[62]
3 376.4 14.82 Alma 2008 Quepos[63]
4 331.5 13.05 Gert 1993 Unknown[64]

Cuba

Hurricane Flora of October 1963 drifted across Cuba for four days, leading to extreme rainfall across the mountainous island country. During the heaviest 24 hour period of rainfall, 735 millimetres (28.9 in) of rain fell at Santiago de Cuba. Total amounts of 2,033 millimetres (80.0 in) over 4 days and 2,550 millimetres (100 in) over 5 days produced staggering loss of life in Cuba, where over 2000 perished.[65]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 2550 100.39 Flora 1963 [65]
2 1092 42.99 Dennis 2005 [65]
3 1025 40.34 T.D. #1 1988 [65]
4 1012 39.84 Alberto 1982 [65]
5 870 34.25 Frederic 1979 [65]
6 849 33.43 T.D. #1 1992 [65]
7 825 32.48 Laura 1971 [65]
8 800 31.50 Irene 1999 [65]
9 754 29.69 Michelle 2001 [65]
10 747 29.41 Lili 1996 [65]

Dominica, Eastern Caribbean

The islands of the eastern Caribbean are constantly threatened by tropical storms and hurricanes, mainly between August and October. Dominica is a rugged island, with spots of elevation as high as nearly 4,750 feet (1,450 m).[66] As Hurricane Jeanne moved through the region, 422.3 millimetres (16.63 in) of rain fell during the 24 hour period ending on the morning of September 15, 2004.[23]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 422.3 16.63 Jeanne 2004 [23]
2 246.4 9.70 Edith 1963 Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
3 150.1 5.91 Abby 1960 [67]
4 20.6 0.81 Flora 1963 [16]

Dominican Republic

This country, taking up two-thirds of Hispaniola, has some of the highest terrain surrounding the Caribbean Sea, with Pico Duarte peaking at 10,700 feet (3,300 m) above sea level.[68] Most of the tropical cyclone rainfall totals on the list below are 24 hour maxima, which likely underrepresent the storm total.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1001.5 39.43 Flora 1963 Polo Barahona Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
2 905.0 35.63 Noel 2007 Angelina [15]
3 598.0 23.54 Cleo 1964 Polo [16]
4 528.0 20.79 Emily 2011 Neyba [69]
5 505.2 19.89 Jeanne 2004 Isla Saona [70]
6 479.8 18.89 Inez 1966 Polo [71]
7 445.5 17.54 Hurricane Four 1944 Hondo Valle [72]
8 391.4 15.41 Hurricane Five 1935 Barahona [73]
9 359.9 14.17 Hanna 2008 Oveido [74]
10 350.0 13.78 T.S. One 1948 Bayaguana [75]

El Salvador

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 406.4 16.00 Adrian 2005 [76]
2 >400 15.74 Agatha 2010 [77]
3 262.4 10.33 Mitch 1998 Acajutla/Sonsonate[78]

Federated States of Micronesia

Chuuk

Elevations of the islands surrounding Chuuk lagoon reach a height of about 1,450 feet (440 m).[79] Typhoon Chataan led to excessive rainfall on this island from June 23 – July 3 of 2002, when a total of 939 mm (37.0 in) fell. During the time frame when Chataan was declared a tropical cyclone from July 1–3, 622 mm (24.5 in) fell, with 506 mm (19.9 in) falling on the 2nd alone at the international airport.[80]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 939.0 36.96 Chataan 2002 Chuuk Int'l Airport [81]
2 447.0 17.60 Dale 1996 Chuuk WSO AP Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
3 427.5 16.83 Sudal 2004 Chuuk WSO AP [16]
4 405.1 15.95 Andy 1989 Truk WSO Airport [16]
5 381.1 15.03 Jean 1968 Truk WSO Airport [16]
6 371.9 14.64 Karen 1962 Truk WSO Airport [16]
7 370.6 14.59 Pamela 1976 Truk WSO Airport [16]
8 344.7 13.57 Harriet 1959 Truk WSO Airport [16]
9 234.2 9.22 Kulap 2005 Chuuk WSO AP [16]
10 214.1 8.43 Pongsona 2002 Chuuk WSO AP [16]

Pohnpei

This mountainous island lies in the tropical northwest Pacific Ocean.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 247 9.73 Axel 1992 [82]

Yap

The wettest known tropical cyclone for the island was Ruby in 1982, which drifted in the island's vicinity for several days during its initial development phase.[83]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 594.4 23.40 Ruby 1982 Yap Island WSO Airport Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
2 390.9 15.39 Imbudo 2003 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
3 318.5 12.54 Winnie 1969 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
4 313.9 12.36 Fern 1996 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
5 301.8 11.88 Wilda 1967 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
6 289.1 11.38 Ophelia 1958 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
7 288.5 11.36 Hope 1985 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
8 250.2 9.85 Georgia 1962 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
9 236.5 9.31 Fran 1976 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]
10 231.9 9.13 Faye 1963 Yap Island WSO Airport [16]

Fiji

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 755 29.7 Bebe (1972) Suva [84]
2 615 24.2 Gavin (1997) Monasavu dam [85]
3 529 20.8 Evan 2012 Monasavu dam [86]
4 495 19.5 Mick (2009) Monasavu dam [87]
5 443 17.4 Rae (1990) Monasavu dam [88]
6 350 14 Tomas (2010) [89]
7 341 13.4 June (1997) Monasavu dam [85]
8 311 12.2 Ami (2003) Taveuni Island [90]
9 293 11.5 Tam (2006) Rotuma [91]
10 190 7.5 Cliff (2007) Lakeba [92]

Orography from the volcanic islands of Fiji has led to significant rainfall during tropical cyclone passages, which occur roughly once a year. Cyclone Ami of January 2003 led to disastrous flooding across the northern and eastern sections of the island group. The coastal side of Vatuwiri on Taveuni Island measured 311 millimetres (12.24 in) of rainfall on January 13.[93]

France

French Polynesia

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 550 22 02F 1998 Tahiti [94]
2 356 14.0 Judy 2004 Takaroa [95]
3 241 9.5 Wasa 1991 Uturoa [96]
4 149 5.9 Pam 1997 Rarotonga [97]
5 62.1 2.44 Zita 2007 Rurutu [98]

Guadeloupe

Hurricane Marilyn moved directly across the island in mid-September 1995,[99] bringing the highest known rainfall totals to the island from a tropical cyclone.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 582 22.91 Luis 1995 Dent de l'est (Soufrière)
1 508 20.00 Marilyn 1995 Saint-Claude Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
3 466 17.28 Lenny 1999 Gendarmerie [100]
4 389 15.32 Hugo 1989
5 318 12.50 Hortense 1996 Maison du Volcan [101]
6 300 11.81 Jeanne 2004 [102]
7 223 8.79 Cleo 1964 Deshaies [16]
8 200 7.90 Erika 2009 [103]
9 165.3 6.55 Earl 2010 Sainte-Rose (Viard) [104]
10 54 2.11 Edith 1963 Basse Terre [16]
11 41 1.61 Emily 1987 [105]

Martinique

Martinique is a mountainous island at the fringe of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 680.7 26.80 Dorothy 1970 Fourniols [106]
2 450.1 17.72 Iris 1995 Ducos [107]
3 332.0 13.07 Dean 2007 Fort-de-France [108]
4 305.0 12.00 Cindy 1993 Le Prêcheur [109]
5 301.5 11.87 Edith 1963 Saint-Pierre [16]
6 230.1 9.06 Marilyn 1995 Le Morne-Rouge [110]
7 184.0 7.24 Debby 1994 Saint-Joseph [111]
8 150.0 5.90 Emily 2011 Le Raizet [112]
9 101.3 3.99 Abby 1960 Le Morne des Cadets [67]
10 78.0 3.07 Flora 1963 Le Morne des Cadets [16]

New Caledonia

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 813 32.01 Gyan 1981 La Ouinné [113]
2 750 29.53 Beatrice 1959 Tiwaka [113]
3 713 28.07 Anne 1988 Goro [113]
4 620 24.41 Unnamed 1962 Houaïlou [113]
5 528 20.79 Esau 1992 Kopéto [113]
6 474 18.66 Drena 1997 Dzumac [113]
7 450 17.72 Vania 2011 Goro (Station Vale NC) [113]
8 414 16.30 Frank 1999 Tango (Chaîne) [113]
9 411 16.18 Cliff 1981 La Ouinné [113]
10 407 16.02 Catherine 1961 Plum [113]

Réunion Island

The mountainous island of Réunion has experienced some of the highest rainfall totals from tropical cyclones around the world.[114] Three tropical cyclones have staked their place in rainfall history:

Unnamed Tropical Cyclone (April 8–10, 1958): World record for 48 hours (2,467 millimetres (97.1 in)) set at Aurere.

Tropical Cyclone Denise (January 7–8, 1966):[115] World record for 12 hours (1,144 millimetres (45.0 in)) and 24 hours (1,825 millimetres (71.9 in)) set at Foc-Foc.

Tropical Cyclone Hyacinthe (January 14–28, 1980): World record for ten days: 5,678 mm (223.5 in),[116] and highest overall total at 6,083 mm (239.5 in) over fifteen days, both set at Commerson Crater.[117]

Tropical Cyclone Gamede (February 24–28, 2007): World record for 72 hours (3,929 millimetres (154.7 in)) set at Commerson Crater. Gamede also holds the world record for accumulated rainfall through nine days.[118]

During late January 2002, Tropical Cyclone Dinah dropped significant rains on the island. The highest amounts were 1,360 millimetres (54 in) over a 48 hour period at the Bellecombe resting place (a volcano lodge) and a 745.2 millimetres (29.34 in) storm total at Pierrefonds.[119]

Wallis and Futuna

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Wallis and Futuna

Great Britain

Anguilla

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 490.0 19.29 Lenny 1999 [120]
2 380.0 14.96 Jose 1999 [120]
3 250.0 9.84 Klaus 1990 [120]
4 171.5 6.75 Alice 1954 [121]

Bermuda

Bermuda has not historically received overwhelming rains out of tropical cyclones. This could be because of the rapid pace storms usually pass the island and the lack of mountains on the island.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 186.7 7.35 October 1939 Hurricane [122]
2 153.7 6.05 Arlene 1963 Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
3 151.4 5.96 Cristobal 2002
4 148.0 5.86 Nicole 2004
5 134.1 5.28 T.D. #23A 1967 [16]
6 126.2 4.97 Franklin 2005
7 125.0 4.92 Emily 1981 [16]
8 124.0 4.88 Harvey 2005
9 123.2 4.85 September 1948 Hurricane [122]
10 120.90 4.76 Bertha 2008 Bermuda Airport [123]

Cayman Islands

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 794.8 31.29 Pinar del Río, 1944 Grand Cayman Island [124]
2 577 22.72 Alberto, 2006 Owen Roberts International airport [125]
3 552.2 21.74 Isidore, 2002 Cayman Brac [126]
4 451.4 17.77 Paloma, 2008 Cayman Brac [127]
5 308.4 12.14 Ivan, 2004 Grand Cayman Island [128]
6 292.1 11.50 Hattie, 1961 Grand Cayman Island [129]
7 165.6 6.52 Michelle, 2001 Grand Cayman Island [130]

Guatemala

Tropical Storm Agatha in May 2010 became the second-wettest tropical cyclone in the nation's history when it slowly developed while remaining nearly stationary to the southwest of Guatemala, before turning northeast and dissipating across inland Central America.[131]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 600 23.62 Mitch 1998 Central Sierra de las Minas [132]
2 565.6 22.62 Agatha 2010 Mazatenango [133]
3 ~250 ~9.84 Stan 2005 [134]
4 ~200 ~7.87 Adrian 2005 [135]
5 184.6 7.27 Francelia 1969 [136]

Haiti

The mountainous country of Haiti has experienced some of the most powerful hurricanes on record, including Hurricane David. Its three mountain ranges have peaks as high as 8793 feet/2680 meters above sea level.[137]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1447.8 57.00 Flora 1963 Miragoâne [138]
2 654.8 25.78 Noel 2007 Camp Perrin [139]
3 410 16 Lili 2002 Camp Perrin [140]
4 323.0 12.72 Hanna 2008 Camp Perrin [74]
5 273.0 10.75 Gustav 2008 Camp Perrin [141]
6 65.02 2.56 Fox 1952 Ouanaminthe Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima

Honduras

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 912 35.89 Mitch 1998 Choluteca[142]
2 554 21.82 Beta 2005 Trujillo[143]
3 360 14.19 T.D. #16 2008 Roatan[33]
4 244 9.62 Felix 2007 Omoa Cortez[144]
5 113 4.46 Alma 2008 Choluteca[63]

Swan Island

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 362.7 14.28 Alma 1966 [16]
2 228.9 9.01 Debbie 1965 [16]
3 220.0 8.66 Ella 1970 [16]
4 178.6 7.03 Laurie 1970 [16]
5 167.1 6.58 Isbell 1964 [16]
6 105.2 4.14 Beulah 1967 [16]
7 98.8 3.89 Carla 1961 [16]
8 90.7 3.57 Francelia 1969 [16]
9 87.1 3.43 Hattie 1961 [16]
10 80.5 3.17 Fox 1952 [16]

Hong Kong

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 616.5 24.27 Sam 1999 Hong Kong Observatory [145]
2 597.0 23.50 July 1926 Typhoon Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
3 562.0 22.13 June 1916 Typhoon Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
4 530.7 20.89 Agnes 1965 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
5 519.0 20.43 Agnes 1978 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
6 516.1 20.32 Ellen 1976 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
7 497.5 19.59 Dot 1993 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
8 491.7 19.36 Dot 1982 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
9 480.9 18.93 Helen 1995 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]
10 473.2 18.63 August 1904 Typhoon Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [145]

India

India can be struck by cyclones that form in the Bay of Bengal or the Arabian Sea.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 2300 90.55 1968 Severe Cyclonic Storm Pedong, West Bengal [146]
2 1840 72.44 Severe Cyclonic Storm ARB 01 (2004) Aminidivi, Lakshadweep [147]
3 1340 52.76 Depression Six (1961) Cherrapunji, Meghalaya [148]
4 1280 50.39 Nisha (2008) Orathanadu, Tamil Nadu [149][150] [151]
5 1171 46.10 Phyan (2009) Kethi, Tamil Nadu [152]
6 1030 40.55 Ogni (2006) Avanigadda, Andhra Pradesh [153]
7 953 37.52 1943 Severe Cyclonic Storm Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu [154]
8 910 35.83 Deep Depression Four (1963) Cherrapunji, Meghalaya [155]
9 810 31.89 Cyclone 12 (1959) Bano [156]
10 800 31.50 Cyclone 5 (1968) Harnai [156]

Indonesia

The precursor tropical disturbance of Tropical Cyclone Inigo in April 2003 dropped heavy rainfall in eastern Indonesia. The rainfall caused flash flooding and mudslides, primarily in Flores but also on West Timor[157] and Sumba.[158] In some locations, the depth of the floodwaters reached 5 metres (16 ft). The Oessao River in West Timor exceeded its banks, which flooded seven villages. In Kupang in West Timor, the system destroyed hundreds of homes and large fields of corn, bean, and rice crop. Heavy damage was reported near Ende, where flooding and mudslides destroyed 20 houses and destroyed the roads connecting to East Flores. The city airport was flooded with one meter (3 ft) of water, preventing aerial transportation and which left the city temporarily isolated. In East Flores Regency in eastern Flores Island, the system left 75 destroyed houses, along with 77 severely damaged and a further 56 receiving light damage.[157]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 223 8.78 Inigo 2003 Larantuka, Flores [159]

Iran

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 74 mm 2.91 inches Gonu 2007 Chabahar [160]

Jamaica

This mountainous island country of Jamaica can get lashed with rainfall by slow-moving tropical cyclones in the western Caribbean Sea. Its interior, the Blue Mountains, reach a height of 7,400 feet (2,300 m) above sea level.[161] Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Jamaica

Japan

The mountainous island archipelago is constantly struck by typhoons recurving out of the tropics, which are normally in extratropical transition as they pass through Japan. Typhoon Wipha in 2013 produced a 24 hour total of 824 millimetres (32.4 in) on 15/16 October on Izu Oshima.[162][163] Typhoon Meari/Quinta of the 2004 Pacific typhoon season led to heavy rain at Owase with a total of 741 millimetres (29.2 in) ending at 1500 UTC on the 29th.[23] Typhoon Saomai in 2000 produced record rainfall at Nagoya, 584.2 millimetres (23.00 in) in 24 hours.[164] Fran of the 1976 Pacific typhoon season holds the national 24-hour precipitation record of 1,174 millimetres (46.2 in).[165]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1805.5 71.08 Talas 2011 Kamikitayama [166]
2 1612.0 63.46 Fran 1976 Fukuharaasahi [167]
3 1518.9 59.80 Olive 1971 Ebino [168]
4 1322.0 52.04 Nabi 2005 Mikado [169]
5 1286.0 50.62 Kent 1992 Hidegadake [170]
6 1243.0 48.94 Namtheum 2004 Asahimaru [171]
7 1167.0 45.94 Judy 1989 Hidegadake [172]
8 1138.0 44.80 Abby 1983 Amagisan [173]
9 1124.0 44.25 Flo 1990 Yanase [174]
10 ~1092.0 ~43.00 Trix 1971 Yangitake [175]

Okinawa

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1065.0 41.92 Sinlaku 2008 Yonagunijima [176]
2 1059.0 41.70 Emma 1956 Kadena Air Force Base [53]
3 1014.0 41.00 Muifa 2011 [177]
4 575.6 22.66 Charlotte 1959 Naha Air Force Base Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
5 535.0 21.06 Bolaven 2012 Kunigami [178]
6 473.7 18.65 Cora 1969 Kadena Air Force Base [16]
7 452.0 17.80 Sinlaku 2002 Oku [179]
8 407.2 16.03 Grace 1961 Kadena Air Force Base [16]
9 345.0 13.50 Conson 2004 Tarama [180]
10 342.0 13.46 Kujira 2003 [181]

Ryukyu Islands

Typhoon Rusa caused 409 millimetres (16.1 in) of rain to fall at Naze on August 29–30, 2002.[179] Typhoon Aere dropped 314.5 millimetres (12.38 in) of rain in the 65 hour period ending at 1400 UTC on August 25, 2004 at Ishigakihima.[55] Typhoon Agnes in August 1957 dropped 586.2 millimetres (23.08 in) of rainfall on Marcus Island.[16]

Johnston Atoll

Tropical cyclones occasionally threaten this central Pacific island. Hurricane Celeste of 1972 brought 6.21 inches (158 mm) to the isle around August 19.[182]

Korea

The Korean Peninsula experiences typhoons regularly. Tropical cyclones which impact southern China also lead to, on average, five heavy rainfall events per year across the Korean peninsula.[183]

North/DPR Korea

Very heavy rains fell across Tongchon and Kosong counties during Typhoon Rusa in 2002, where up to 510 millimetres (20 in) of precipitation fell in a 5-10 hour period.[179]

South Korea

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 898.0 35.35 Rusa 2002 Gangneung[184]
2 660.4 26.00 Gladys 1991 [185]
3 634.0 24.96 Muifa 2011 Eorimok[186]
4 590.0 23.23 Nari 2007 Jeju[187]
5 491.0 19.33 Saomai 2000 [188]
6 374.0 14.72 Meari 2011 Boeun[189]
7 332.5 13.09 Megi 2004 Wando[55]
8 104.5 4.11 Haima 2004 Wando[23]

Madagascar

The north end of the island, known as the Tsaratanana Massif region, contains terrain with elevations up to 9417 feet/2880 meters.[190]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Madagascar

Malaysia

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 220 8.66 Jelawat/Domeng 2006 Kampung[191]

Mauritius

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 745.2 29.3 Dina 2002 Pierrefonds [192]
2 711.0 28.0 Hollanda 1994 Mare-aux-Vacoas
3 202.8 7.98 Hennie 2005 Sans-Souci
4 192.8 7.59 Dumile 2013 Arnaud [193]
5 58.8 2.31 Crystal 2002 Providence [194]

Mexico

Hurricane Wilma of 2005 drifted over the northeast portion of the Yucatán peninsula for a couple of days, dropping significant rains. A report of 1,576 millimetres (62.0 in) was reported by the Servicio Meteorológicio Nacional in Mexico,[195] which is the wettest known 24-hour rainfall amount ever measured in Mexico. Second on the list is from Tropical Storm Frances in 1998, which accumulated up to 1,019 millimetres (40.1 in) of rain at Independencia in southern Chiapas.[196] Below is a list of the highest known storm total rainfall amounts from individual tropical cyclones across Mexico. Most of the rainfall information was provided by the Mexico's National Weather Service, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, which is a part of the National Water Commission, Comisión Nacional del Agua.


Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Mexico

Mozambique

The elevation of the country increases to the west, with mountains on its highest plateau reaching nearly 8,000 feet (2,400 m).[197]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 502 19.76 Eline 2000 Levubu[198]
2 281 11.06 Delfina 2003 [194]
3 200 7.87 Jokwe 2008 Nampula[199]
4 190 7.50 Japhet 2003 [200]

Myanmar

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 ~600.0 mm 23.6 inches Nargis 2008 [201]
2 343.9 mm 13.54 inches T.D. #2 2007 [202]

Nepal

Some of the highest elevations on the planet lie in Nepal. Eight out of fourteen highest peaks in the world lie in the Nepalese Himalaya including the highest peak of the World, Mt. Everest (8848 m).[203] During a tropical depression that affected the Indian Subcontinent in 2004, 51.3 millimetres (2.02 in) of rain fell at Kathmandu airport in the 24 hour period ending at 1200 UTC on October 7.[25]

Netherlands Antilles

Saba

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 286.3 mm 11.27 inches Alice (1954) [121]

St. Eustatius

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 203.2 mm 8.00 inches Alice (1954) [121]

Saint Martin/Sint Maarten

This hilly island is partially owned by France and partially claimed by the Netherlands.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Saint Martin/Sint Maarten

New Zealand

Most tropical cyclones which pass near New Zealand are in extratropical transition (ET), which can enhance their heavy rainfall threat.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 900 35.43 Bola 1988 [204]
2 425 16.73 Fergus 1996 Thames — Coromandel district [205]
3 280 11.00 Wilma 2011 [206]
4 147 5.79 Wati 2006 Kaikohe [207]

Nicaragua

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1597 62.87 Mitch 1998 Picacho/Chinandega [208]
2 1447 57.36 Aletta 1982 Chinandega [209]
3 500 19.69 Joan 1988 [210]
4 447 17.60 Gert 1993 Chinandega [209]
5 368 14.49 Fifi 1974 Chinandega [209]
6 298 11.72 Alma 2008 Punto Sandino [63]
7 272 10.70 Cesar 1996 Bluefields [211]
8 231 9.10 Ida 2009 Puerto Cabezas [212]
9 181 7.11 Felix 2007 Puerto Cabezas [213]
10 162 6.39 Beta 2005 Puerto Cabezas [143]

Niue, Southwest Pacific

During the passage of Tropical Cyclone Heta in January 2004, the Niue Meteorological Station reported a record 24-hour rainfall of 999.2 millimetres (39.34 in).[214]

Oman

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 610.0 24.02 Gonu 2007 [215][216]
2 488.0 19.21 Phet 2010 JabalHilm [215]
3 482.4 18.99 Masirah Cyclone 1977 Salala 40 km (25 mi) NE [217]
4 300.2 11.82 T.S. 02A (1996) Dhofar [218]
5 285.5 11.24 Muscat Cyclone 1890 Muscat [217]
6 251.0 9.88 Oman Cyclone 2002 Qairoon [219]
7 230.0 9.06 Salalah Cyclone 1963 Salalah [217]
8 82.0 3.23 Salalah Cyclone 1959 Salalah [217]

Pakistan

Tropical cyclones for the Arabian Sea usually affect Pakistan. Tropical cyclones from the Bay of Bengal can affect Pakistan, though they usually weaken by the time they reach the Pakistani coastline.[220]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 370 14.57 Phet (2010) Gwadar [221]
2 285 11.22 Cyclone (1999) Keti Bandar [222]
3 245 9.64 BOB 03 (2009) Karachi [223][224][225]
4 191 7.51 BOB 06 (2007) Karachi [226][227][228]
5 145 5.71 Onil (2004) Thatta [229]
6 110 3.94 Yemyin (2007) Karachi
7 43 1.69 BOB 04 (2007) Karachi [230][231]
8 18 0.70 BOB 03 (2009) Karachi [232]

Palau

Palau consists of a string of islands that is rugged and surrounds a lagoon. Elevations up to 2,060 feet (630 m) exist within the island group.[233]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 470.9 18.54 Marie 1976 Koror [234]
2 293.1 11.54 Nathan 1993 Nekken Forestry [16]
3 281.4 11.08 Ruby 1982 Koror [16]
4 248.9 9.80 Mike 1990 Koror [60]
5 121.7 4.79 Dianmu 2004 Koror [235]
6 47.8 1.88 Ewiniar 2006 Koror [236]

Panama

Inflow to the south of Hurricane Mitch brought impressive rainfalls to the Panama. Veledero de Tole recorded 695 millimetres (27.4 in) of rainfall between October 22 and 31 of 1998.

Philippines

This Philippines island archipelago is fairly mountainous, with the highest terrain found in Luzon. Template:List of wettest tropical cyclones in the Philippines

Singapore, South China Sea

Typhoon Vamei of December 20, 2001 was the only known storm to ever hit the island state. It dropped 165.1 millimetres (6.50 in) of rainfall.

South Africa

Tropical Cyclone Eline in February 2000 dropped significant rains on portions of South Africa. The highest amount noted was 480 mm (19 in) at Thohoyandou.[237]

Spain

The only tropical cyclone to reach mainland Europe was 2005's Hurricane Vince. It dropped 3.3 inches (84 mm) of rain on the plain near Cordoba.[238]

Sri Lanka

A tropical depression in early October 2004 led to heavy rains across Sri Lanka. The maximum was measured at Galle where 117.2 mm (4.61 in) fell in the 24 hour period ending at 0600 UTC on the 2nd.[25]

St. Brandon, South Indian Ocean

Tropical Cyclone Darius of New Year's Eve/Day of 2003/2004 passed about 45 miles (72 km) west-northwest of the island. Rainfall over the 24 hour period of closest approach was 135 mm (5.3 in).[239]

St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 153.7 mm 6.05 inches Alice (1954) [121]

Nevis

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 91.4 mm 3.60 inches Alice (1954) [121]

Taiwan

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 3060 120.5 Morakot 2009 Alishan, Chiayi [240]
2 2319 91.3 Nari 2001 Wulai, New Taipei [241]
3 2162 85.1 Flossie 1969 Beitou, Taipei [240]
4 1987 78.2 Herb 1996 Alishan, Chiayi [242]
5 1774 69.8 Saola 2012 Yilan City [243]
6 1672 65.8 Carla 1967 Dongshan, Yilan [244]
7 1611 63.4 Sinlaku 2008 Heping, Taichung [245]
8 1561 61.5 Haitang 2005 Sandimen, Pingtung [246]
9 1546 60.9 Aere 2004 Miaoli County [247]
10 1500 59.1 Parma 2009 Yilan County [248]

Thailand

Tropical cyclones occasionally cross the Malay Peninsula from the northwest Pacific into the Bay of Bengal.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 493.8 19.44 Zeke 1991 Khlong Yai [16]
2 470.0 18.50 Tilda 1962 At Somat [40]
3 342.0 13.46 Vae 1952 Chantaburi [40]
4 328.7 12.94 Ira 1990 Lop Buri [16]
5 322.6 12.70 Ed 1990 Takua Pa [16]
6 273.6 10.77 Fred 1991 Khon Kaen [16]
7 257.3 10.13 Brian 1989 Takua Pa [16]
8 251.5 9.90 Muifa 2004 Prachaup Khirikhan [249]
9 239.5 9.43 Nell 1990 Ko Samui [16]
10 237.2 9.34 Dan 1989 Khlong Yai [16]

Tonga

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 200.0 7.87 Waka 2001
2 153.0 6.02 Lin 2009 Niuafo’ou [250]
3 152.2 6.00 Mick 2010 Fua'amotu
4 149.0 5.87 Rene 2011 Fua'amotu
5 120.0 4.72 Issac 1982 [251]
5 120.0 4.72 Jasmine 2012 Tongatapu [252]
6 97.7 3.85 Vaianu 2006 Fuaʻamotu [253]
7 44.8 1.76 Cyril 2011 Vava’u [254]
8 37.5 1.48 Wilma 2010 Fua'amotu [255]
9 35.9 1.41 Cliff 2007 Fua'amotu

United States

US Mainland

Below is a list of the top ten highest storm total rainfall amounts from individual tropical cyclones across the lower 48 since 1950. The remains of Amelia 1978 led to the wettest storm total rainfall amounts of any tropical cyclone to impact the lower 48 over that time frame when it moved into Texas during early August 1978.[16] Most of the rainfall information was provided by the National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, North Carolina.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1219 48.00 Amelia 1978 Medina, Texas [16]
2 1148 45.20 Easy 1950 Yankeetown, Florida [16]
3 1143 45.00 Claudette 1979 Alvin, Texas [16]
4 1033 40.68 Allison 2001 Northwest Jefferson County, Texas [16]
5 977 38.46 Georges 1998 Munson, Florida [16]
6 932 36.71 Danny 1997 Dauphin Island Sea Lab, Alabama [16]
7 756 29.76 Unnamed 1960 Port Lavaca #2, Texas [16]
8 707 27.85 Alberto 1994 Americus, Georgia [16]
9 695 27.38 Beulah 1967 Pettus, Texas [16]
10 686 27.00 Camille 1969 West Central Nelson County, Virginia [16]

Hawaii

This island chain frequently sees rainfall from the remains of former eastern and central Pacific tropical cyclones, but direct impacts of tropical cyclones are infrequent despite its location in the subtropics due to the protective influence of the Central Pacific Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough (TUTT) which normally dissipates systems approaching Hawaii. The highest amount reported statewise was during Hurricane Hiki of 1950, when 1321 mm (52.00 inches) fell in the mountains.[256] More recently, Hurricane Kenneth deposited 305 mm (12.00 inches) within the state.[257]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1321 52.00 Hiki 1950 Kanalohuluhulu Ranger Station [256]
2 985 38.76 Paul 2000 Kapapala Ranch 36 [258]
3 635 25.00 Maggie 1970 [259]
4 519 20.42 Nina 1957 Wainiha [260]
5 516 20.33 Iwa 1982 Intake Wainiha 1086 Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
6 476 18.75 Fabio 1988 Papaikou Mauka 140.1 [16]
7 381 15.00 TD 01C, 1994 Waiakea Uka, Piihonua [261]
8 372 14.63 Felicia 2009 Oahu Forecast National Wildlife Refuge [262]
9 323 12.70 Makawao 1906 Makawao, Maui [256]
10 305 12.00 Diana 1972 [263]
10 305 12.00 "B" 1967 [264]
10 305 12.00 Kenneth 2005 [257]

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has seen dramatic rainfall from tropical cyclones and their precursor disturbances. The most recent tropical cyclone-related deluge was from Hurricane Georges from September 1998, when 775 mm/30.51 inches of rain was measured at Jayuya.[265] The heaviest rainfall noted over the past 30 years was from the precursor disturbance to Tropical Storm Isabel (1985), when 804 mm/31.67 inches fell at Toro Negro Forest.[266] Hurricane Eloise of 1975 dropped 946 mm/33.29 inches of rainfall at Dos Bocas, with 586 mm/23.07 inches falling in 24 hours. Below is a list of the top ten highest known storm total rainfall amounts from individual tropical cyclones across Puerto Rico since 1960. The rainfall information was gathered from the National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, North Carolina.


Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Puerto Rico

Guam

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in Guam

Northern Marianas Islands

The Northern Marianas Islands are an archipelago north of Guam which get impacted by typhoons in the western Pacific on a regular basis. Typhoon Steve dropped nearly 20 inches (510 mm) on Saipan in 1993,[267] making it the wettest known tropical cyclone for the island chain.

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones in the Northern Marianas Islands

American Samoa

Tropical cyclones impact the island chain with tropical storm-force winds once every three years, on average.[268]

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 472.4 18.60 Unnamed Jan-Feb 1966 Vaipito Template:Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima
2 445.5 17.54 Val 1991 Pago Pago Airport [16]
3 394.7 15.54 Ofa 1990 Aasufou [16]
4 359.9 14.17 Heta 2004 Aasufou [16]
5 254.5 10.02 Olaf 2005 Aasufou [16]
6 242.8 9.56 Wilma 2011 NWS Pago Pago [269]
7 212.1 8.35 Esau 1981 Aasufou [16]
8 118.0 4.66 Nisha 2010 NWS Pago Pago [270]
9 95.5 3.76 Keli 1997 Afono [16]
10 80.5 3.17 Tusi 1987 Afono [16]

Vanuatu

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 545.0 21.46 Dani 1999 Bauerfield Airport [271]
2 369.1 14.53 Vania 2011 Aneityum Island [272]
3 266.6 10.50 Sarah 1994 Pekou Airport [273]
4 262.2 10.32 Bola 1988 Pekou Airport [273]
5 254.4 10.02 Ivy 2004 Bauerfield Airport [274]
6 247.6 9.75 Anne 1988 Pekou Airport [273]
7 246.4 9.70 Nigel 1985 Pekou Airport [273]
8 223.7 8.81 Zuman 1998 Pekou Airport [273]
9 219.3 8.63 Esau 1992 Pekou Airport [273]
10 171.5 6.75 Lili 1989 Pekou Airport [273]

Venezuela

A few tropical cyclones have skimmed the northern coast of South America over recent decades. Tropical Storm Bret (1993) dropped 339 millimetres (13.3 in) of rain in ten hours at Guanare, Portuguesa, Venezuela.[275]

Vietnam

Template:Wettest tropical cyclones start
1 1773 69.8 Pepiah 2007 Nam Dong [276]
2 1369 53.9 Tropical Depression 06W 2007 Huong Khe [276]
3 1239 48.8 Tropical Depression 2009 Da Nang [277]
4 914 35.0 Ketsana 2009 Quang Nam [277]
5 788 31.0 Lekima 2007 [276]
6 699 27.5 Ira 1990 [60]
7 666 26.2 Mirinae 2009 Vân Canh [277]
8 550 21.7 Xangsane 2006 [278]
9 497 19.6 Tropical Depression 2009 Quang Ngai Province [279]
10 470 18.5 Eve 1999 Ky Anh District [280]

See also

References

External links

  • Camp Perrin, Haiti Rainfall Records
  • Hurricane Impacts on Jamaica
  • Individual Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Pages for United States
  • Individual Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Pages for Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Major Hydrologic Events in Cuba since 1962
  • Maximum 24-hour rainfall totals on Guam 1924-1992
  • Maximum amounts in the lower 48 United States by state
  • Meteo-France Report on Lenny (1999)
  • Mexico's Report on Hurricane Wilma (2005) on their country
  • NHC's report on Hurricane Keith (2000)
  • NHC's report on Hurricane Lenny (1999)
  • NWS Service Assessment for Typhoon Pongsona (2002)
  • Pacific ENSO update - 1st quarter 2005
  • Typhoon Rainfall Statistics and Forecasting (China)
  • United States Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Climatology
  • Weather-Rainfall-Cyclones Australia
  • World Records for Tropical Cyclone Rainfall
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