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List of United States Senators from Tennessee

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Title: List of United States Senators from Tennessee  
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Subject: 5th United States Congress, President pro tempore of the United States Senate, List of living former United States Senators, 26th United States Congress, United States Senate elections, 1796 and 1797
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List of United States Senators from Tennessee

Tennessee was admitted to the United States on June 1, 1796. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1862 owing to its secession from the Union. They were again filled from July 1866. The current Senators are Republicans Lamar Alexander and Bob Corker.

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 William Cocke Democratic-Republican August 2, 1796 –
September 26, 1797
4 1 Elected in 1796
5 2 Appointed to begin the term due to failure of legislature to elect

Resigned when successor elected
2 Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican September 26, 1797 –
April 1, 1798
Elected to finish Cocke's term

Resigned
Vacant April 1, 1798 –
October 6, 1798
3 Daniel Smith Democratic-Republican October 6, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Appointed to finish Jackson's term

4 Joseph Anderson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1815
6 Elected to finish Jackson's term
7
8 3 Re-elected in 1803
9
10
11 4 Re-elected in 1809

Retired
12
13
Vacant March 4, 1815 –
October 10, 1815
14 5
5 George W. Campbell Democratic-Republican October 10, 1815 –
April 20, 1818
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term

Resigned
15
Vacant April 20, 1818 –
September 27, 1818
6 John H. Eaton Democratic-Republican September 27, 1818 –
March 9, 1829
15
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Cambell's term
Elected to finish Cambell's term
16
17 6 Re-elected in 1821
18
19
20 7 Re-elected in 1827

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War
21
Vacant March 9, 1829 –
October 19, 1829
7 Felix Grundy Jacksonian October 19, 1829 –
July 4, 1838
21
(Continued)
Elected to finish Eaton's term
22
Democratic 23 8 Re-elected in 1833

Resigned to become U.S. Attorney General
24
25
Vacant July 5, 1838 –
September 16, 1838
8 Ephraim H. Foster Whig September 17, 1838 –
March 3, 1839
Appointed to finish Grundy's term

Re-elected but resigned to void disobeying instructions given him by the state legislature
Vacant March 3, 1839 –
November 19, 1839
26 9
9 Felix Grundy Democratic November 19, 1839 –
December 19, 1840
26
(Continued)
Elected late in 1839

Died
Vacant December 19, 1840 –
December 25, 1840
26
(Continued)
10 Alfred O. P. Nicholson Democratic December 25, 1840 –
February 7, 1842
26
(Continued)
Elected to finish Grundy's term

27
Vacant February 7, 1842 –
October 17, 1843
28
11 Ephraim H. Foster Whig October 17, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28
(Continued)
Elected to finish Nicholson's term

12 Hopkins L. Turney Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
29 10 Elected in 1844

30
31
13 James C. Jones Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1857
32 11 Elected in 1850
33
Democratic 34
Vacant March 4, 1857 –
October 8, 1857
35 12
14 Andrew Johnson Democratic October 8, 1857 –
March 4, 1862
35
(Continued)
Elected in 1856

Resigned to become Military Governor of Tennessee
36
37
Vacant March 4, 1862 –
July 24, 1866
37
(Continued)
U.S. Civil War
38 13
39
15 David T. Patterson Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
39
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term

Retired
Democratic 40
16 William G. Brownlow Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41 14 Elected in 1869

Retired
42
43
17 Andrew Johnson Democratic March 4, 1875 –
July 31, 1875
44 15 Elected in 1875

Died
18 David M. Key Democratic August 18, 1875 –
January 19, 1877
Appointed to continue Johnson's term

Lost election to finish Johnson's term
19 James E. Bailey Democratic January 19, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
44
(Continued)
Elected to finish Johnson's term

Lost re-election
45
46
20 Howell Jackson Democratic March 4, 1881 –
April 14, 1886
47 16 Elected in 1881

Resigned to become U.S. Circuit Judge
48
49
Vacant April 14, 1886 –
April 16, 1886
21 Washington C. Whitthorne Democratic April 16, 1886 –
March 3, 1887
49
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Jackson's term
Elected to finish Jackson's term

22 William B. Bate Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 9, 1905
50 17 Elected in 1887
51
52
53 18 Re-elected in 1893
54
55
56 19 Re-elected in 1899
57
58
59 20 Re-elected in 1905

Died
Vacant March 10, 1905 –
March 20, 1905
23 James B. Frazier Democratic March 21, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bate's term

Lost re-election
60
61
24 Luke Lea Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
62 21 Elected in 1910

Lost renomination
63
64
25 Kenneth McKellar Democratic March 4, 1917 –
January 3, 1953
65 22 Elected in 1916
66
67
68 23 Re-elected in 1922
69
70
71 24 Re-elected in 1928
72
73
74 25 Re-elected in 1934
75
76
77 26 Re-elected in 1940
78
79
80 27 Re-elected in 1946

Lost renomination
81
82
26 Albert Gore, Sr. Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1971
83 28 Elected in 1952
84
85
86 29 Re-elected in 1958
87
88
89 30 Re-elected in 1964

Lost re-election
90
91
27 Bill Brock Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
92 31 Elected in 1970

Lost re-election
93
94
28 Jim Sasser Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1995
95 32 Elected in 1976
96
97
98 33 Re-elected in 1982
99
100
101 34 Re-elected in 1988

Lost re-election
102
103
29 Bill Frist Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2007
104 35 Elected in 1994
105
106
107 36 Re-elected in 2000

Retired
108
109
30 Bob Corker Republican January 3, 2007 –
Present
110 37 Elected in 2006
111
112
113 38 Re-elected in 2012
114
115
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 2

Class 2 Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for two sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 William Blount Democratic-Republican August 2, 1796 –
July 8, 1797
4 1 Elected in 1796

Expelled
5
2 Joseph Anderson Democratic-Republican July 8, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected to finish Blount's term

Resigned when elected to Class 1 seat
3 William Cocke Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1805
6 2 Elected to finish Anderson's term

7
8
4 Daniel Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 31, 1809
9 3 Elected in 1805

Resigned
10
11
Vacant April 1, 1809 –
April 10, 1809
5 Jenkin Whiteside Democratic-Republican April 11, 1809 –
October 8, 1811
11
(Continued)
Elected to finish Smith's term
12 4 Re-elected in 1809

Resigned
6 George W. Campbell Democratic-Republican October 8, 1811 –
February 11, 1814
12
(Continued)
Elected to finish Whiteside's term

Resigned
13
Vacant February 12, 1814 –
March 16, 1814
7 Jesse Wharton Democratic-Republican March 17, 1814 –
October 10, 1815
13
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Campbell's term

Retired when successor elected
14
8 John Williams Democratic-Republican October 10, 1815 –
March 3, 1823
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish Campbell's term
15 5 Appointed to continue his term due to legislature's failure to elect
Elected to finish his term

Lost re-election
16
17
9 Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
October 14, 1825
18 6 Elected in 1823

Resigned
19
Vacant October 15, 1825 –
October 27, 1825
10 Hugh Lawson White Jacksonian October 28, 1825 –
January 13, 1840
19
(Continued)
Elected to finish Jackson's term
20
21 7 Re-elected in 1829
22
23
Anti-Jacksonian 24 8 Re-elected in 1835

Resigned because he could not conscientiously obey the instructions of his constituents[1]
Whig 25
26
11 Alexander O. Anderson Democratic February 25, 1840 –
March 3, 1841
26
(Continued)
Elected to finish White's term

Retired
Vacant March 4, 1841 –
October 17, 1843
27 9 Legislature failed to elect
28
12 Spencer Jarnagin Whig October 17, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term

Lost re-election
29
Vacant March 4, 1847 –
November 21, 1847
30 10
13 John Bell Whig November 22, 1847 –
March 3, 1859
30
(Continued)
Elected late in 1847
31
32
33 11 Re-elected in 1853

34
35
14 Alfred O. P. Nicholson Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36 12 Elected in 1859

Withdrew in anticipation of secession
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
July 23, 1866
37 U.S. Civil War
38
39 13
15 Joseph S. Fowler Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1871
39
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term

Retired
Republican 40
41
16 Henry Cooper Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
42 14 Elected in 1870

Retired
43
44
17 Isham G. Harris Democratic March 4, 1877 –
July 8, 1897
45 15 Elected in 1876
46
47
48 16 Re-elected in 1884
49
50
51 17 Re-elected in 1890
52
53
54 18 Re-elected in 1896

Died
55
Vacant July 9, 1897 –
July 19, 1897
55
(Continued)
18 Thomas B. Turley Democratic July 20, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Harris's term
Elected to finish Harris's term

Retired
56
19 Edward W. Carmack Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1907
57 19 Elected in 1900

Lost re-election
58
59
20 Robert Love Taylor Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 31, 1912
60 20 Elected in 1906

Died
61
62
Vacant April 1, 1912 –
April 10, 1912
21 Newell Sanders Republican April 11, 1912 –
January 24, 1913
Appointed to continue Taylor's term

Retired when successor elected
22 William R. Webb Democratic January 24, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
62
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term

Retired
23 John K. Shields Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1925
63 21 Elected in 1912
64
65
66 22 Re-elected in 1918

Lost renomination
67
68
24 Lawrence D. Tyson Democratic March 4, 1925 –
August 24, 1929
69 23 Elected in 1924

Died
70
71
Vacant August 25, 1929 –
September 1, 1929
25 William E. Brock Democratic September 2, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
71
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Tyson's term
Elected to finish Tyson's term

Retired
26 Cordell Hull Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72 24 Elected in 1930

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
27 Nathan L. Bachman Democratic March 4, 1933 –
April 23, 1937
73 Appointed to continue Hull's term
Elected to finish Hull's term
74
75 25 Re-elected in 1936

Died
Vacant April 24, 1937 –
May 5, 1937
28 George L. Berry Democratic May 6, 1937 –
November 8, 1938
Appointed to continue Bachman's term

Retired when successor elected
Vacant November 9, 1938 –
January 16, 1939
75
(Continued)
Successor elected who preferred to remain as district attorney general
76
29 Tom Stewart Democratic January 16, 1939 –
January 3, 1949
76
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bachman's term
77
78 26 Re-elected in 1942

Lost renomination
79
80
30 Estes Kefauver Democratic January 3, 1949 –
August 10, 1963
81 27 Elected in 1948
82
83
84 28 Re-elected in 1954
85
86
87 29 Re-elected in 1960

Died
88
Vacant August 10, 1963 –
August 20, 1963
31 Herbert S. Walters Democratic August 20, 1963 –
November 3, 1964
Appointed to continue Kefauver's term
Retired
32 Ross Bass Democratic November 4, 1964 –
January 2, 1967
88
(Continued)
Elected to finish Kefauver's term

Lost renomination
89
33 Howard Baker Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
90 30 Elected in 1966
91
92
93 31 Re-elected in 1972
94
95
96 32 Re-elected in 1978

Retired
97
98
34 Al Gore, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 2, 1993
99 33 Elected in 1984
100
101
102 34 Re-elected in 1990

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President
Vacant January 2, 1993 –
January 5, 1993
102
(Continued)
103
35 Harlan Mathews Democratic January 5, 1993 –
December 2, 1994
103
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Gore's term

Retired when successor elected
36 Fred Thompson Republican December 2, 1994 –
January 3, 2003
103
(Continued)
Elected to finish Gore's term
104
105 35 Re-elected in 1996

Retired
106
107
37 Lamar Alexander Republican January 3, 2003 –
Incumbent
108 36 Elected in 2002
109
110
111 37 Re-elected in 2008
112
113
114 38 Re-elected in 2014
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

References

  1. ^ "WHITE, Hugh Lawson, (1773–1840)".  

See also

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