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List of United States Senators from Louisiana

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Title: List of United States Senators from Louisiana  
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List of United States Senators from Louisiana

Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812, and elects senators to Class 2 and Class 3. Its current senators are Democrat Mary Landrieu and Republican David Vitter.

Class 2

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 Jean Noel Destréhan Unknown September 3, 1812 –
October 1, 1812
1 Resigned
Vacant October 1, 1812 –
October 8, 1812
2 Thomas Posey Democratic-Republican October 8, 1812 –
February 4, 1813
Appointed to continue Destréhan's term

Lost election to finish Destréhan's term
3 James Brown Democratic-Republican February 5, 1813 –
March 4, 1817
Elected to finish Destréhan's term

Lost election to full term
4 William C. C. Claiborne Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
November 23, 1817
2 Elected in 1817

Died
Vacant November 23, 1817 –
January 12, 1818
5 Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican January 12, 1818 –
May 27, 1824
Appointed to finish Claiborne's term
3 Elected to full term in 1823

Resigned to become Governor
Vacant May 27, 1824 –
November 19, 1824
6 Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny Adams-Clay
Republican
November 19, 1824 –
March 4, 1829
Elected to finish Johnson's term
7 Edward Livingston Democratic-Republican March 4, 1829 –
May 24, 1831
4 Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
Vacant May 24, 1831 –
November 15, 1831
8 George A. Waggaman Anti-
Jacksonian
November 15, 1831 –
March 4, 1835
Vacant March 4, 1835 –
January 13, 1836
5 Charles Gayarré was elected in 1835, but resigned due to ill health
9 Robert C. Nicholas Jacksonian January 13, 1836 –
March 4, 1841
Elected to finish Gauarré's term
Democratic
10 Alexander Barrow Whig March 4, 1841 –
December 29, 1846
6 Elected in 1841

Died
Vacant December 29, 1846 –
January 21, 1847
11 Pierre Soulé Democratic January 21, 1847 –
March 4, 1847
Elected to finish Barrow's term
12 Solomon W. Downs Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 4, 1853
7 Elected in 1847
13 Judah P. Benjamin Whig March 4, 1853 –
February 4, 1861
8 Elected in 1853
Democratic 9 Re-elected in 1859

Withdrew
Vacant February 4, 1861 –
July 8, 1868
American Civil War and Reconstruction
10
14 John S. Harris Republican July 8, 1868 –
March 4, 1871
Elected to finish incomplete term in 1868

15 Joseph R. West Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
11 Elected in 1871

Retired
16 William P. Kellogg Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1883
12 Elected in 1877

Retired to run for member of the U.S. House of Representatives
17 Randall L. Gibson Democratic March 4, 1883 –
December 15, 1892
13 Elected in 1882
14 Re-elected in 1888

Died
Vacant December 15, 1892 –
December 31, 1892
18 Donelson Caffery Democratic December 31, 1892 –
March 4, 1901
Elected to finish Gibson's term
15 Re-elected in 1894

Retired
19 Murphy J. Foster Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 4, 1913
16 Elected in 1900
17 Re-elected in 1906

Lost renomination
20 Joseph E. Ransdell Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 4, 1931
18 Elected in 1912
19 Re-elected in 1918
20 Re-elected in 1924

Lost renomination
Vacant March 4, 1931 –
January 25, 1932
21
21 Huey Long Democratic January 25, 1932 –
September 10, 1935
Continued to serve as Governor of Louisiana, leaving the Senate seat vacant

Assassinated
Vacant September 10, 1935 –
January 31, 1936
22 Rose McConnell Long Democratic January 31, 1936 –
January 2, 1937
Appointed to continue Huey Long's term

Elected to finish Huey Long's term

Retired
23 Allen J. Ellender Democratic January 3, 1937 –
July 27, 1972
22 Elected in 1936
23 Re-elected in 1942
24 Re-elected in 1948
25 Re-elected in 1954
26 Re-elected in 1960
27 Re-elected in 1966

Died
Vacant July 27, 1972 –
August 1, 1972
24 Elaine S. Edwards Democratic August 1, 1972 –
November 13, 1972
Appointed to continue Ellender's term

Retired when successor qualified
25 Bennett Johnston, Jr. Democratic November 14, 1972 –
January 3, 1997
Elected to finish Ellender's term
28 Re-elected in 1972
29 Re-elected in 1978
30 Re-elected in 1984
31 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
26 Mary Landrieu Democratic January 3, 1997 –
Present
32 Elected in 1996
33 Re-elected in 2002
34 Re-elected in 2008
Lost re-election
27 Bill Cassidy Republican January 3, 2015 –
Tentative
35 Elected in 2014

Class 3

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 Allan B. Magruder Democratic-Republican September 3, 1812 –
March 4, 1813
1 Elected in 1812
2 Eligius Fromentin Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 4, 1819
2 Elected in 1813
3 James Brown Adams-Clay
Republican
March 4, 1819 –
December 10, 1823
3 Elected in 1819

Resigned to become Minister to France
Vacant December 10, 1823 –
January 15, 1824
4 Josiah S. Johnston Adams-Clay
Republican
January 15, 1824 –
May 19, 1833
Appointed to finish Brown's term
4 Elected to full term in 1825
5 Re-elected in 1831

Died
Vacant May 19, 1833 –
December 19, 1833
5 Alexander Porter Whig December 19, 1833 –
January 5, 1837
Elected to finish Johnson's term

Resigned
Vacant January 5, 1837 –
January 12, 1837
6 Alexander Mouton Democratic January 12, 1837 –
March 1, 1842
Elected to finish Porter's term
6 Re-elected in 1837

Resigned
Vacant March 1, 1842 –
April 14, 1842
7 Charles Magill Conrad Whig April 14, 1842 –
March 4, 1843
Appointed to finish Mouton's term

Lost election to full term
Vacant March 4, 1843 –
February 12, 1844
7 Alexander Porter was elected, but due to ill health declined the seat
8 Henry Johnson Whig February 12, 1844 –
March 3, 1849
Appointed to continue Porter's term

Lost election to full term in 1849
9 Pierre Soulé Democratic March 3, 1849 –
April 11, 1853
8 Elected in 1849

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Spain
Vacant April 11, 1853 –
December 5, 1853
10 John Slidell Democratic December 5, 1853 –
February 4, 1861
Elected to finish Soulé term
9 Re-elected in 1855

Resigned
Vacant February 4, 1861 –
July 9, 1868
American Civil War and Reconstruction
10
11
11 William P. Kellogg Republican July 9, 1868 –
November 1, 1872
Appointed to finish incomplete term

Resigned to become Governor of Louisiana
Vacant November 1, 1872 –
January 12, 1876
12 Senate declined to seat rival claimants William L. McMillen and P. B. S. Pinchback[1]
12 James B. Eustis Democratic January 12, 1876 –
March 4, 1879
Elected to finish incomplete term in 1876

Lost re-election
13 Benjamin F. Jonas Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 4, 1885
13 Elected in 1878

Lost re-election
14 James B. Eustis Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 4, 1891
14 Elected in 1884

Retired
15 Edward Douglass White Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 12, 1894
15 Elected in 1890

Resigned to become U.S. Supreme Court Justice
16 Newton C. Blanchard Democratic March 12, 1894 –
March 4, 1897
Appointed to continue White's term

Elected to finish White's term

Retired
17 Samuel D. McEnery Democratic March 4, 1897 –
June 28, 1910
16 Elected in 1896
17 Re-elected in 1902
18 Re-elected in 1908

Died
Vacant June 28, 1910 –
December 7, 1910
18 John Thornton Democratic December 7, 1910 –
March 4, 1915
Appointed to continue McEnery's term

Elected to finish McEnery's term

Retired
19 Robert F. Broussard Democratic March 4, 1915 –
April 12, 1918
19 Elected in 1914

Died
Vacant April 12, 1918 –
April 22, 1918
20 Walter Guion Democratic April 22, 1918 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Broussard's term

Successor elected
21 Edward James Gay Democratic November 6, 1918 –
March 4, 1921
Elected to finish Broussard's term

Retired
22 Edwin S. Broussard Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1933
20 Elected in 1920
21 Re-elected in 1926

Lost renomination
23 John H. Overton Democratic March 4, 1933 –
May 14, 1948
22 Elected in 1932
23 Re-elected in 1938
24 Re-elected in 1944

Died
Vacant May 14, 1948 –
May 18, 1948
24 William C. Feazel Democratic May 18, 1948 –
December 30, 1948
Appointed to continue Overton's term

Retired
25 Russell B. Long Democratic December 31, 1948 –
January 3, 1987
Elected to finish Overton's term
25 Re-elected in 1950
26 Re-elected in 1956
27 Re-elected in 1962
28 Re-elected in 1968
29 Re-elected in 1974
30 Re-elected in 1980

Retired
26 John Breaux Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 2005
31 Elected in 1986
32 Re-elected in 1992
33 Re-elected in 1998

Retired
27 David Vitter Republican January 3, 2005 –
Present
34 Elected in 2004
35 Re-elected in 2010

References

  1. ^ Compilation of Senate Election Cases from 1789 to 1885 - Pages 483 - 512

See also

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