List of Turkic states and empires

The following is an incomplete list of historical dynasties which had Turkic origins or the country they ruled were Turkic-speaking. The list also includes modern countries with significant Turkic populations or with an official Turkic language. The Turkic peoples have established at least 116 states, khaganates, beyliks, empires, nomadic empires and sultanates in history up to today.[1]

Current states

Independent states

De facto state

This republic is recognized only by Turkey and the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan in Azerbaijan.

Federal subjects of Russia

Autonomous regions

Historical confederation of tribes and Turkic dynasties and dynasties with Turkic origin

Europe

China

Arabian peninsula

Indian subcontinent

Direct Turkic dynasties

Persianate or Turko-Persian states

Main article: Persianate society

Some Turko-Persian states were founded in Greater Iran.[25]

Iranian dynasties that have Turkic origins

Former and defunct Turkic governments

See also

Notes

Further reading

  • Cotterell, A., The Imperial Capitals of China: A Dynastic History of the Celestial Empire, 2008, The Overlook Press. ISBN 978-1-59020-007-0
  • Findley, C.V., The Turks in World History, 2005, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517726-6
  • Forbes Manz, B., The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane, 2002, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-63384-2
  • Grousset, R., The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, 1991, Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9
  • Hupchick, D.P., The Balkans: From Constantinople to Communism, 2002, Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6417-3
  • Lewis, Bernard. "Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire", 1963, University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1060-0.
  • Nicole, D., PhD., Attila and the Huns, 1990, Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-034-X
  • Paludan, A., Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors: The Reign-By-Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial China, 1998, Thames & Hudson Ltd. ISBN 978-0-500-05090-3
  • Saunders, J.J., The History of the Mongol Conquests, 2001, Routledge & Kegan Ltd. ISBN 978-0-8122-1766-7
  • Thackston, W.M., The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor, 2002, Modern Library. ISBN 978-0-375-76137-9
  • Vásáry, I., Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185–1365, 2005, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-83756-9
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