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List of Prime Ministers of Greece

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Title: List of Prime Ministers of Greece  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ioannis Grivas, Prime Minister of Greece, Alexandros Koryzis, Panagiotis Pikrammenos, Tzannis Tzannetakis
Collection: Lists of Political Office-Holders in Greece, Lists of Prime Ministers, Prime Ministers of Greece
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List of Prime Ministers of Greece

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Greece

This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Greek state, from its establishment during the Greek Revolution to the present day. Although various official and semi-official appellations were used during the early decades of independent statehood, the title of Prime Minister has been the formal designation of the office at least since 1843. Note that the numbering system in the list is arbitrary and has no official status. On dates, Greece officially adopted the Gregorian calendar on 16 February 1923 (which became 1 March). All dates prior to that, unless specifically denoted, are Old Style.

Contents

  • Color key 1
  • First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832/33) 2
  • Kingdom of Greece – House of Wittelsbach Dynasty (1833–1862) 3
  • Kingdom of Greece – Glücksburg Dynasty (1863–1924) 4
  • Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935) 5
  • Kingdom of Greece – Glücksburg Dynasty restored (1935–1973) 6
  • Third Hellenic Republic (1974–present) 7
  • Living former Prime Ministers 8
  • See also 9
  • External links 10

Color key

Legal status
Military-led government Caretaker government Rival government
(not internationally recognized
or not controlling Athens)
Party affiliation
Russian Party English Party French Party
New Party Nationalist Party Liberal Party
People's Party Communist Party Nat. Progressive Center Union
Greek Rally/Nat. Radical Union Centre Union New Democracy
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) no party affiliation or non-political
military (active)

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832/33)

The heads of government of the provisional Greek state during the Greek War of Independence, and the subsequent Hellenic State.

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of Office Party Notes
Provisional Administration of Greece (1822–1827)
1 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
1 13 January 1822 30 April 1823 President of the Executive of 1822.
Theodore Negris holds the office of "President of the Ministerial Council"
2 Petros Mavromichalis
Πέτρος Μαυρομιχάλης
(1765–1848)
30 April 1823 6 January 1824 President of the Executive of 1823
3 Georgios Kountouriotis
Γεώργιος Κουντουριώτης
(1782–1858)
1 6 January 1824 12 April 1826 French Party President of the Executive of 1824
4 Andreas Zaimis
Ανδρέας Ζαΐμης
(1791–1840)
26 April 1826 2 April 1827 President of the Governmental Commission of Greece (1826)
Georgios Mavromichalis
Γεώργιος Μαυρομιχάλης
(1800-1831)
2 April 1827 18 January 1828 President of the Acting Vice-Governmental Commission governing in the name of the designated Governor, Ioaniis Kapodistrias, until his arrival in Greece
Hellenic State (1828–1832)
5 Ioannis Kapodistrias
Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας
(1776–1831)
18 January 1828 27 September 1831 Russian Party Governor of Greece, Head of State and Government. Assassinated on 9 October 1831 (27 September O.S.).
6 Augustinos Kapodistrias
Αυγουστίνος Καποδίστριας
(1778–1857)
1 9 October 1831 5 December 1831 Russian Party President of the Governmental Commission of Greece (1831–32), which also included Ioannis Kolettis and Theodoros Kolokotronis
2 5 December 1831 15 March 1832 "President of the Greek Government" until promulgation of the Constitution
3 15 March 1832 28 March 1832 Nominated "Governor of Greece" until the arrival of King Otto, but abandons his posts and flees to Corfu shortly thereafter, following a coup led by Kolettis.
Ioannis Kolettis, Theodoros Kolokotronis, Andreas Zaimis, Andreas Metaxas, Dimitrios Boundouris 28 March 1832 14 April 1832 Governmental Commission of Greece (1832), which governed until the arrival of King Otto
Dimitrios Ypsilantis, Ioannis Kolettis, Dimitrios Plapoutas, Andreas Zaimis, Andreas Metaxas 14 April 1832 25 January 1833

Kingdom of Greece – House of Wittelsbach Dynasty (1833–1862)

The heads of government during the reign of King Otto.

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
Absolute Monarchy (1833–1843)
7 Spyridon Trikoupis
Σπυρίδων Τρικούπης
(1788–1873)
1 25 January 1833 3 April 1833 English Party President of the Ministerial Council
2 3 April 1833 12 October 1833
8 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
2 12 October 1833 31 May 1834 English Party President of the Ministerial Council, resigned due to disagreements with the regency.
9 Ioannis Kolettis
Ιωάννης Κωλέττης
(1774–1847)
1 12 June 1834 20 May 1835 French Party President of the Ministerial Council
10 Count Josef Ludwig von Armansperg
Κόμης Ιωσήφ Λουδοβίκος Άρμανσμπεργκ
(1787–1853)
20 May 1835 2 February 1837 Chief Secretary of State
11 Ignaz von Rudhart
Ιγνάτιος φον Ρούτχαρτ
(1790–1838)
2 February 1837 8 December 1837 Chief Secretary of State
12 King Otto
Βασιλεύς Όθων
(1815–1867)
1 8 December 1837 24 June 1841 Personally supervised the cabinet
13 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
3 24 June 1841 10 August 1841 English Party Chief Secretary of State; appointed on 10 February while ambassador to Britain, but returned to Greece and formed government on 24 June.
14 King Otto
Βασιλεύς Όθων
(1815–1867)
2 10 August 1841 3 September 1843 Personally supervised the cabinet until the 3 September 1843 Revolution
Constitutional Monarchy (1843–1862)
15 Andreas Metaxas
Ανδρέας Μεταξάς
(1790–1860)
1843 3 September 1843 16 February 1844 Russian Party Provisional cabinet following the 3 September 1843 Revolution. Elections for the Constitutional Assembly
16 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
1 16 February 1844 30 March 1844 Russian Party Provisional Cabinet. Adoption of the 1844 Constitution
17 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
4 30 March 1844 4 August 1844 English Party Caretaker cabinet for the 1844 elections
18 Ioannis Kolettis
Ιωάννης Κωλέττης
(1774–1847)
1844
1847
2 6 August 1844 31 August 1847 French Party Died in office
19 Kitsos Tzavelas
Κίτσος Τζαβέλας
(1801–1855)
5 September 1847 8 March 1848 French Party Tzavellas was Otto's aide-de-camp and nominated to succeed Kolettis by the King
20 Georgios Kountouriotis
Γεώργιος Κουντουριώτης
(1782–1858)
2 4 March 1848 15 October 1848 French Party Headed joint French Party and Russian Party cabinet
21 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
2 15 October 1848 12 December 1849 Russian Party
22 Antonios Kriezis
Αντώνιος Κριεζής
(1796–1865)
1850
1853
14 December 1849 16 May 1854 English Party Government resigned due to Great Power pressure including the landing of French troops in Piraeus, enforcing Greece's neutrality during the Crimean War
23 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
5 16 May 1854 28 September 1855 English Party Called the "Occupation Ministry" due to its instalment after the landing of French troops
24 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
1856 1 29 September 1855 13 November 1857 French Party
25 Athanasios Miaoulis
Αθανάσιος Μιαούλης
(1815–1867)
1859
1861
13 November 1857 26 May 1862 Cabinet fell following the 1859 elections. Constantine Kanaris failed to form a new cabinet, and Miaoulis resumed his post after him on 29 May 1859.
26 Gennaios Kolokotronis
Γενναίος Κολοκοτρώνης
(1803–1868)
26 May 1862 11 October 1862 Resigned following the deposition of King Otto by revolt on 10 October
Regency (1862–1863)
27 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
1862 2 11 October 1862 9 February 1863 French Party Head of Provisional Government. Held elections for the National Assembly
28 Aristidis Moraitinis
Αριστείδης Μωραϊτίνης
(1806–1875)
9 February 1863 13 February 1863 Russian Party President of the National Assembly
29 Zinovios Valvis
Ζηνόβιος Βάλβης
(1800–1886)
13 February 1863 25 March 1863 Head of Provisional Government, appointed by the National Assembly
30 Diomidis Kyriakos
Διομήδης Κυριακός
(1811–1869)
27 March 1863 29 April 1863 Head of Provisional Government, appointed by the National Assembly
31 Benizelos Rouphos
Μπενιζέλος Ρούφος
(1795–1868)
1 29 April 1863 19 June 1863 French Party Head of Provisional Government, appointed by the National Assembly. On 19 June dismissed by the Assembly under Diomidis Kyriakos due to the "George I.
2 21 June 1863 18 October 1863

Kingdom of Greece – Glücksburg Dynasty (1863–1924)

The heads of government during the first period of the Glücksburg dynasty.

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
32 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
3 25 October 1863 6 March 1864 French Party
33 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
3 6 March 1864 16 April 1864 Russian Party New Constitution adopted
34 Zinovios Valvis
Ζηνόβιος Βάλβης
(1800–1886)
16 April 1864 26 July 1864
35 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
4 26 July 1864 26 February 1865 Russian Party
36 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
1865 1 2 March 1865 20 October 1865 Nationalist Party
37 Epameinondas Deligeorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
1 20 October 1865 3 November 1865 National Committee
38 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
4 3 November 1865 6 November 1865
39 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
2 6 November 1865 13 November 1865 Nationalist Party
40 Epameinondas Deligeorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
2 13 November 1865 28 November 1865 National Committee
41 Benizelos Rouphos
Μπενιζέλος Ρούφος
(1795–1868)
3 28 November 1865 9 June 1866
42 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
5 9 June 1866 18 December 1866
43 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
3 18 December 1866 20 December 1867 Nationalist Party
44 Aristeidis Moraitinis
Αριστείδης Μωραϊτίνης
(1806–1875)
20 December 1867 25 January 1868
45 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
1868 6 25 January 1868 25 January 1869
46 Thrasyvoulos Zaimis
Θρασύβουλος Ζαΐμης
(1829–1880)
1869 1 6 February 1869 22 July 1870
47 Epameinondas Deligeorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
3 22 July 1870 15 December 1870
48 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
4 15 December 1870 9 November 1871 Nationalist Party
49 Thrasyvoulos Zaimis
Θρασύβουλος Ζαΐμης
(1829–1880)
2 9 November 1871 6 January 1872
50 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
1872 7 6 January 1872 20 July 1872
51 Epameinondas Deligeorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
1873 4 20 July 1872 21 February 1874
52 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
1874 21 February 1874 8 May 1875
53 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
1875 8 May 1875 27 October 1875 New Party Principle of parliamentary majority introduced
54 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
27 October 1875 8 December 1876 Nationalist Party
55 Epameinondas Deligeorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
8 December 1876 13 December 1876
56 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
13 December 1876 10 March 1877 Nationalist Party
57 Epameinondas Deligeorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
10 March 1877 1 June 1877
58 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
1 June 1877 7 June 1877 Nationalist Party
59 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
7 June 1877 14 September 1877 Government of national unity
60 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
14 September 1877 2 November 1878 Nationalist Party
61 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
2 November 1878 7 November 1878 New Party
62 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
1879 7 November 1878 22 March 1880 Nationalist Party
63 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
22 March 1880 25 October 1880 New Party
64 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
1881 25 October 1880 15 March 1882 Nationalist Party
65 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
15 March 1882 1 May 1885 New Party
66 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
1885 1 May 1885 9 May 1886 Nationalist Party
67 Dimitrios Valvis
Δημήτριος Βάλβης
(1814–1886)
9 May 1886 21 May 1886
68 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
1887 21 May 1886 5 November 1890 New Party Three consecutive terms
69 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
1890 5 November 1890 1 March 1892 Nationalist Party
70 Konstantinos Konstantopoulos
Κωνσταντίνος Κωνσταντόπουλος
(1832–1910)
1892 1 March 1892 22 June 1892 Nationalist Party
71 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
22 June 1892 15 May 1893 New Party Public insolvency declared
72 Sotirios Sotiropoulos
Σωτήριος Σωτηρόπουλος
(1831–1898)
15 May 1893 11 November 1893
73 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
11 November 1893 24 January 1895 New Party
74 Nikolaos Deligiannis
Νικόλαος Δηλιγιάννης
(1845–1910)
1895 24 January 1895 11 June 1895 Nationalist Party
75 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
11 June 1895 30 April 1897 Nationalist Party
76 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
30 April 1897 3 October 1897
77 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
1899 3 October 1897 14 April 1899
78 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
14 April 1899 25 November 1901 New Party
79 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
1902 25 November 1901 6 December 1902
80 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
6 December 1902 27 June 1903 Nationalist Party
81 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
27 June 1903 11 July 1903 New Party
82 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
11 July 1903 19 December 1903
83 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
19 December 1903 29 December 1904 New Party
84 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
1905 29 December 1904 13 June 1905 Nationalist Party
85 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
22 June 1905 21 December 1905
86 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
1906 21 December 1905 29 July 1909 New Party
87 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
29 July 1909 28 August 1909 Goudi coup by the Military League
88 Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis
Κυριακούλης Μαυρομιχάλης
(1849–1916)
28 August 1909 31 January 1910 Supervised by the Military League
89 Stephanos Dragoumis
Στέφανος Δραγούμης
(1842–1923)
Aug. 1910 31 January 1910 19 October 1910
90 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Nov. 1910
1912
1 19 October 1910 10 March 1915 Liberal Party Two terms (Nov. 1910 and 1912 elections). New Constitution adopted. Resigned after disagreement with King Constantine I.
91 Dimitrios Gounaris
Δημήτριος Γούναρης
(1866–1922)
May 1915 10 March 1915 23 August 1915 People's Party
92 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
2 23 August 1915 7 October 1915 Liberal Party Won May elections, resigned again over disagreement with the king over Greece's entry in the First World War. Begin of National Schism.
93 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
7 October 1915 7 November 1915
94 Stephanos Skouloudis
Στέφανος Σκουλούδης
(1836–1928)
Dec. 1915 7 November 1915 22 June 1916
95 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
22 June 1916 16 September 1916
96 Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos
Νικόλαος Καλογερόπουλος
(1853–1927)
16 September 1916 10 October 1916
Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
19 September 1916 27 June 1917 Liberal Party Rival "Provisional Government of National Defence" in Thessaloniki controlling northern Greece, the Aegean Islands and Crete. Recognized by World War I Allies as of 19 December 1916. Entered World War I.
97 Spyridon Lambros
Σπυρίδων Λάμπρος
(1851–1919)
10 October 1916 4 May 1917 Official "royal" government, controlling southern Greece
98 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
4 May 1917 27 June 1917 Official "royal" government, controlling southern Greece
99 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
1920 3 27 June 1917 17 November 1920 Liberal Party Abdication of King Constantine after Allied ultimatum. Controlling the entire country, official entry of Greece into the First World War.
100 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
17 November 1920 6 February 1921 People's Party
101 Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos
Νικόλαος Καλογερόπουλος
(1853–1927)
6 February 1921 8 April 1921 People's Party
102 Dimitrios Gounaris
Δημήτριος Γούναρης
(1866–1922)
8 April 1921 16 May 1922 People's Party
103 Nikolaos Stratos
Νικόλαος Στράτος
(1872–1922)
16 May 1922 22 May 1922 People's Party
104 Petros Protopapadakis
Πέτρος Πρωτοπαπαδάκης
(1860–1922)
22 May 1922 10 September 1922 People's Party
105 Nikolaos Triantafyllakos
Νικόλαος Τριανταφυλλάκος
(1855–1939)
10 September 1922 29 September 1922 Military revolt after the Asia Minor Catastrophe, led by Colonels Nikolaos Plastiras and Stylianos Gonatas
106 Anastasios Charalambis
Αναστάσιος Χαραλάμπης
(1862–1949)
29 September 1922 30 September 1922 Lt. General. Prime Minister for one day in absence of Sotirios Krokidas from Athens
107 Sotirios Krokidas
Σωτήριος Κροκιδάς
(1852–1924)
30 September 1922 27 November 1922 Law professor. Head of interim government under military supervision. Resigned over Trial of the Six.
108 Stylianos Gonatas
Στυλιανός Γονατάς
(1876–1966)
1923 27 November 1922 11 January 1924 Colonel. On 15 Jan 1924, Plastiras and Gonatas surrendered power to the National Assembly
109 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
4 11 January 1924 6 February 1924 Liberal Party
110 Georgios Kafantaris
Γεώργιος Καφαντάρης
(1873–1946)
6 February 1924 12 March 1924

Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
111 Alexandros Papanastasiou
Αλέξανδρος Παπαναστασίου
(1876–1936)
1 12 March 1924 25 July 1924 Government formed in alliance with Liberal Party. Republic proclaimed on 25 March and confirmed by plebiscite on 13 April
112 Themistoklis Sofoulis
Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης
(1862–1949)
1 25 July 1924 7 October 1924 Liberal Party
113 Andreas Michalakopoulos
Ανδρέας Μιχαλακόπουλος
(1876–1938)
7 October 1924 26 June 1925 Liberal Party Overthrown by coup
114 Theodoros Pangalos
Θεόδωρος Πάγκαλος
(1878–1952)
26 June 1925 19 July 1926 Lt. General. Dictator
115 Athanasios Eftaxias
Αθανάσιος Ευταξίας
(1849–1931)
19 July 1926 23 August 1926 Under Theodoros Pangalos' dictatorship
116 Georgios Kondylis
Γεώργιος Κονδύλης
(1879–1936)
1 26 August 1926 4 December 1926 Major General. Overthrew Pangalos, de facto since August 23, head of caretaker government
117 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
1926 1 4 December 1926 17 August 1927 Compromise candidate heading "ecumenical government" after no party won parliamentary majority during the November 1926 elections. Passage of the 1927 Constitution
2 17 August 1927 8 February 1928
3 8 February 1928 4 July 1928
118 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
1928 5 4 July 1928 7 June 1929 Liberal Party Won 1928 elections. Friendship Treaty with Turkey (1930), agrarian reforms
6 7 June 1929 16 December 1929
7 16 December 1929 26 May 1932
119 Alexandros Papanastasiou
Αλέξανδρος Παπαναστασίου
(1876–1936)
2 26 May 1932 5 June 1932 Agricultural and Labour Party
120 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
8 5 June 1932 4 November 1932 Liberal Party
121 Panagis Tsaldaris
Παναγής Τσαλδάρης
(1868–1936)
1932 1 4 November 1932 16 January 1933 People's Party
122 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
9 16 January 1933 6 March 1933 Liberal Party Lost 5 March 1933 elections; outbreak of pro-Venizelos military coup
123 Alexandros Othonaios
Αλέξανδρος Οθωναίος
(1879–1970)
6 March 1933 10 March 1933 Venizelist Lt. General. Head of military emergency government during the 1933 Venizelist coup attempt.
124 Panagis Tsaldaris
Παναγής Τσαλδάρης
(1868–1936)
1933
1935
2 10 March 1933 10 October 1935 People's Party After successful suppression of Venizelist revolt in March 1935, gradual reorientation towards restoration of monarchy. Toppled by Armed Forces coup d'état.

Kingdom of Greece – Glücksburg Dynasty restored (1935–1973)

The heads of government during the second period of the Glücksburg dynasty, including the rival governments during the Second World War and the Civil War, as well as the 1967–74 military regime.

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
125 Georgios Kondylis
Γεώργιος Κονδύλης
(1879–1936)
2 10 October 1935 30 November 1935 National Radical Party King George II on 3 November 1935.
126 Konstantinos Demertzis
Κωνσταντίνος Δεμερτζής
(1876–1936)
1936 30 November 1935 12 April 1936 None Professor of Law, elected as a neutral candidate, initially as head of a caretaker government. After the deadlock of the 1936 elections and until his death, head of compromise government.
127 Ioannis Metaxas
Ιωάννης Μεταξάς
(1871–1941)
13 April 1936 29 January 1941 Freethinkers' Party Retired Lt. General. Vice-president of Demertzis' government. Suspended Parliament and established dictatorship on 4 August 1936.
128 Alexandros Koryzis
(1885–1941)
29 January 1941 18 April 1941 None Chairman of the German troops in Athens
129 Emmanouil Tsouderos
Εμμανουήλ Τσουδερός
(1882–1956)
21 April 1941 14 April 1944 None Chairman of the London and after in Cairo from 29 April 1941.
Collaborationist governments during the occupation by Axis powers (1941–1944)
Georgios Tsolakoglou
Γεώργιος Τσολάκογλου
(1886–1948)
29 April 1941 2 December 1942 Lieutenant General. Signed, on his own initiative, the unconditional surrender of the Hellenic Army to the Nazis in April 1941. First head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation. Resigned over the fiscal exploitation of Greece by the occupying powers
Konstantinos Logothetopoulos
Κωνσταντίνος Λογοθετόπουλος
(1878–1951)
2 December 1942 7 April 1943 None Professor of Medicine. Second head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation. Dismissed by the Germans as ineffective
Ioannis Rallis
Ιωάννης Ράλλης
(1878–1946)
7 April 1943 12 October 1944 People's Party Third head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation. Created the Security Battalions, the collaborationist Wehrmacht-equipped paramilitary groups dedicated to the persecution of resistance groups and the support of Nazi occupation troops
Political Committee of National Liberation ("Mountain Government") (1944)
Evripidis Bakirtzis
Ευριπίδης Μπακιρτζής
(1895–1947)
10 March 1944 18 April 1944 Communist Party Chairmen of the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA), a government in EAM-held territories
Alexandros Svolos
Αλέξανδρος Σβώλος
(1892–1952)
18 April 1944 2 September 1944 Socialist Party of Greece Professor of Law
130 Sophoklis Venizelos
Σοφοκλής Βενιζέλος
(1894–1964)
1 14 April 1944 26 April 1944 Liberal Party Head of the internationally recognized government-in-exile in Cairo.
131 Georgios Papandreou
Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου
(1888–1968)
26 April 1944 3 January 1945 Democratic Socialist Party of Greece Head of the internationally recognized government-in-exile in Cairo. Absorbed the PEEA after Lebanon conference in May 1944 and formed government of national unity. Repatriated 18 October 1944. Resigned during the Dekemvriana.
132 Nikolaos Plastiras
Νικόλαος Πλαστήρας
(1883–1953)
1 3 January 1945 8 April 1945 Liberal-leaning Retired Lt. General. A distinguished officer known as "The Black Rider" during the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922.
133 Petros Voulgaris
Πέτρος Βούλγαρης
(1884–1957)
1 8 April 1945 11 August 1945 Rear Admiral
2 11 August 1945 17 October 1945
134 Archbishop Damaskinos
Αρχιεπίσκοπος Δαμασκηνός
(1891–1949)
17 October 1945 1 November 1945 Archbishop of Athens. Regent and Prime Minister
135 Panagiotis Kanellopoulos
Παναγιώτης Κανελλόπουλος
(1902–1986)
1 1 November 1945 22 November 1945 National Unionist Party
136 Themistoklis Sofoulis
Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης
(1862–1949)
2 22 November 1945 4 April 1946 Liberal Party
137 Panagiotis Poulitsas
Παναγιώτης Πουλίτσας
(1881–1968)
4 April 1946 18 April 1946 None Senior judge. Interim government
138 Konstantinos Tsaldaris
Κωνσταντίνος Τσαλδάρης
(1884–1970)
1946 1 18 April 1946 2 October 1946 People's Party
2 2 October 1946 24 January 1947
139 Dimitrios Maximos
Δημήτριος Μάξιμος
(1873–1955)
24 January 1947 29 August 1947 People's Party Head of coalition government
140 Konstantinos Tsaldaris
Κωνσταντίνος Τσαλδάρης
(1884–1970)
3 29 August 1947 7 September 1947 People's Party
141 Themistoklis Sofoulis
Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης
(1862–1949)
3 7 September 1947 18 November 1948 Liberal Party Four terms, head of coalition governments of all centrist and rightist parties
4 18 November 1948 20 January 1949
5 20 January 1949 14 April 1949
6 14 April 1949 24 June 1949
Markos Vafiadis
Μάρκος Βαφειάδης
(1906–1992)
24 December 1947 7 February 1949 Communist Party Heads of Provisional Democratic Government, a Communist rival government formed during the Greek Civil War. Defeated and in exile from 28 August 1949.
Nikolaos Zachariadis
Νικόλαος Ζαχαριάδης
(1903–1973)
7 February 1949 3 April 1949 Communist Party
Dimitrios Partsalidis
Δημήτριος Παρτσαλίδης
(1905–1980)
3 April 1949 October 1950 Communist Party
142 Alexandros Diomidis
Αλέξανδρος Διομήδης
(1875–1950)
30 June 1949 6 January 1950 Liberal Party Vice-president of Sofoulis' government, acting since 24 June after his death, head of the coalition government of all centrist and rightist parties
143 Ioannis Theotokis
Ιωάννης Θεοτόκης
(1880–1961)
6 January 1950 23 March 1950 People's Party Head of caretaker government
144 Sophoklis Venizelos
Σοφοκλής Βενιζέλος
(1894–1964)
1950 2 23 March 1950 15 April 1950 Liberal Party
145 Nikolaos Plastiras
Νικόλαος Πλαστήρας
(1883–1953)
2 15 April 1950 21 August 1950 National Progressive Centre Union
146 Sophoklis Venizelos
Σοφοκλής Βενιζέλος
(1894–1964)
3 21 August 1950 13 September 1950 Liberal Party
4 13 September 1950 3 November 1950
5 3 November 1950 27 October 1951
147 Nikolaos Plastiras
Νικόλαος Πλαστήρας
(1883–1953)
1951 3 27 October 1951 11 October 1952 National Progressive Centre Union Tried to heal the rift caused in Greek society by the Greek Civil War
148 Dimitrios Kiousopoulos
Δημήτριος Κιουσόπουλος
(1892–1977)
11 October 1952 19 November 1952 None Senior Judge. Head of caretaker government
149 Alexander Papagos
Αλέξανδρος Παπαγος
(1883–1955)
1952 19 November 1952 4 October 1955 Greek Rally Retired Field Marshal, former Commander-in-Chief of the Greek Armed Forces and former Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff
150 Konstantinos Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
1 6 October 1955 29 February 1956 Greek Rally/National Radical Union
1956 2 29 February 1956 5 March 1958
151 Konstantinos Georgakopoulos
Κωνσταντίνος Γεωργακόπουλος
(1890–1978)
5 March 1958 17 May 1958 None President of the Hellenic Red Cross and former Minister for National Education. Head of caretaker government
152 Konstantinos Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
1958 3 17 May 1958 20 September 1961 National Radical Union
153 Konstantinos Dovas
Κωνσταντίνος Δόβας
(1898–1973)
20 September 1961 4 November 1961 None Retired General and former Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff, head of the Royal Household. Head of caretaker government
154 Konstantinos Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
1961 4 4 November 1961 18 June 1963 National Radical Union
155 Panagiotis Pipinelis
Παναγιώτης Πιπινέλης
(1899–1970)
19 June 1963 28 September 1963 National Radical Union
156 Stylianos Mavromichalis
Στυλιανός Μαυρομιχάλης
(1902–1981)
28 September 1963 8 November 1963 President of the Court of Cassation. Head of caretaker government
157 Georgios Papandreou
Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου
(1888–1968)
1963 2 8 November 1963 31 December 1963 Center Union
158 Ioannis Paraskevopoulos
Ιωάννης Παρασκευόπουλος
(1900–1984)
1 31 December 1963 19 February 1964 None Vice-chairman of the Bank of Greece. Head of caretaker government
159 Georgios Papandreou
Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου
(1888–1968)
1964 3 19 February 1964 15 July 1965 Center Union
160 Georgios Athanasiadis-Novas
Γεώργιος Αθανασιάδης-Νόβας
(1893–1987)
15 July 1965 20 August 1965 ex-Center Union Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
161 Ilias Tsirimokos
Ηλίας Τσιριμώκος
(1907–1968)
20 August 1965 17 September 1965 ex-Center Union Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
162 Stefanos Stefanopoulos
Στέφανος Στεφανόπουλος
(1898–1982)
17 September 1965 22 December 1966 Liberal Democratic Center Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
163 Ioannis Paraskevopoulos
Ιωάννης Παρασκευόπουλος
(1900–1984)
2 22 December 1966 3 April 1967 Vice-chairman of the Bank of Greece. Head of caretaker government
164 Panagiotis Kanellopoulos
Παναγιώτης Κανελλόπουλος
(1902–1986)
2 3 April 1967 21 April 1967 National Radical Union Head of caretaker government
Military Dictatorship (1967–1974)
165 Konstantinos Kollias
Κωνσταντίνος Κόλλιας
(1901–1998)
21 April 1967 13 December 1967 Senior Judge. Appointed Prime Minister by the military regime after a compromise between the leader of the King Constantine II
166 Georgios Papadopoulos
Γεώργιος Παπαδόπουλος
(1919–1999)
13 December 1967 8 October 1973 Colonel, leader of the putschist officers and strongman of the military regime. Assumed the office after King Constantine's failed counter-coup on 13 December 1967. Monarchy abolished on 1 June 1973 and Republic proclaimed, with himself as President.
167 Spyros Markezinis
Σπύρος Μαρκεζίνης
(1909–2000)
8 October 1973 25 November 1973 Progressive Party Attempted democratization. Overthrown by hardliners led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis
168 Adamantios Androutsopoulos
Αδαμάντιος Ανδρουτσόπουλος
(1919–2000)
25 November 1973 24 July 1974 Appointed Prime Minister by junta strongman Dimitrios Ioannides

Third Hellenic Republic (1974–present)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Government
(Coalition)
Notes
169 Konstantinos G. Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Γ. Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
24 July 1974 21 November 1974 New Democracy National Unity
(NDEK-ND)
Three consecutive terms. Monarchy abolished and parliamentary republic established by referendum on 13 December 1974. New Constitution adopted.
1974 21 November 1974 28 November 1977 K.G.Karamanlis V
1977 28 November 1977 10 May 1980 K.G.Karamanlis VI
170 Georgios Rallis
Γεώργιος Ράλλης
(1918–2006)
10 May 1980 21 October 1981 New Democracy Rallis Succeeded Karamanlis, who had resigned to become President
171 Andreas Papandreou
Ανδρέας Παπανδρέου
(1919–1996)
1981 21 October 1981 5 June 1985 PASOK A.Papandreou I Two consecutive terms. 1986 Constitutional amendment reduces powers of Presidency.
1985 5 June 1985 2 July 1989 A.Papandreou II
172 Tzannis Tzannetakis
Τζαννής Τζαννετάκης
(1927–2010)
June
1989
2 July 1989 12 October 1989 New Democracy Tzannetakis
(NDSyn)
Head of coalition government with Synaspismós.
173 Ioannis Grivas
Ιωάννης Γρίβας
(1923–)
12 October 1989 23 November 1989 Independent Grivas Caretaker President of the Court of Cassation. Head of caretaker government.
174 Xenophon Zolotas
Ξενοφών Ζολώτας
(1904–2004)
Nov.
1989
23 November 1989 11 April 1990 Independent Zolotas Ecumenical
(NDPASOKSyn)
Former Governor of the Bank of Greece. Head of a national unity government.
175 Konstantinos Mitsotakis
Κωνσταντίνος Μητσοτάκης
(1918–)
1990 11 April 1990 13 October 1993 New Democracy Mitsotakis Beginning of the Macedonia naming dispute. Resigned due to loss of parliamentary majority
176 Andreas Papandreou
Ανδρέας Παπανδρέου
(1919–1996)
1993 13 October 1993 22 January 1996 PASOK A.Papandreou III Resigned due to ill health, died shortly afterwards
177 Konstantinos Simitis
Κωνσταντίνος Σημίτης
(1936–)
22 January 1996 25 September 1996 PASOK Simitis I Elected by party to substitute for ailing Papandreou. Imia crisis. Won 1996 elections, served for two consecutive terms. 2001 Constitutional amendment.
1996 25 September 1996 13 April 2000 Simitis II
2000 13 April 2000 10 March 2004 Simitis III
178 Konstantinos A. Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος A. Καραμανλής
(1956–)
2004 10 March 2004 17 September 2007 New Democracy K.A.Karamanlis I Two consecutive terms. 2008 Constitutional amendment. 2004 Athens Olympics.
2007 17 September 2007 6 October 2009 K.A.Karamanlis II
179 George A. Papandreou
Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου
(1952–)
2009 6 October 2009 11 November 2011 PASOK G.Papandreou 2010–2012 debt crisis. Resigned.
180 Lucas Papademos
Λουκάς Παπαδήμος
(1947–)
11 November 2011 16 May 2012 Independent Papademos Coalition
(PASOKND
LAOS until 10.2.2012)
National unity government in response to debt crisis.
181 Panagiotis Pikrammenos
Παναγιώτης Πικραμμένος
(1945–)
May
2012
16 May 2012 20 June 2012 Independent Pikrammenos Caretaker President of the Council of State. Head of caretaker government after failed coalition formation.
182 Antonis Samaras
Αντώνης Σαμαράς
(1951–)
June
2012
20 June 2012 26 January 2015 New Democracy Samaras
(NDPASOK
DIMAR until 21.6.2013
SNE from 10.6.2014
)
183 Alexis Tsipras
Αλέξης Τσίπρας
(1974–)
Jan.
2015
26 January 2015 27 August 2015 SYRIZA Tsipras I
(SYRIZAANELOP)
Elected on anti-austerity platform. Announced the Greek bailout referendum, signed the Third bailout agreement. Resigned due to rebellion of SYRIZA MPs opposing the agreement.
184 Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou
Βασιλική Θάνου-Χριστοφίλου
(1950–)
27 August 2015 21 September 2015 Independent Thanou-Christophilou Caretaker President of the Court of Cassation. Head of caretaker government. First female Greek Prime Minister.
185 Alexis Tsipras
Αλέξης Τσίπρας
(1974–)
Sep.
2015
21 September 2015 Incumbent SYRIZA Tsipras II
(SYRIZAANELOP)
Elected after resignation.

Living former Prime Ministers

Name Term Date of birth
Ioannis Grivas 1989 23 February 1923
Konstantinos Mitsotakis 1990–1993 18 October 1918
Konstantinos Simitis 1996–2004 23 June 1936
Kostas Karamanlis 2004–2009 14 September 1956
George Papandreou 2009–2011 16 June 1952
Lucas Papademos 2011–2012 11 October 1947
Panagiotis Pikrammenos 2012 26 July 1945
Antonis Samaras 2012–2015 23 May 1951
Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou 2015 1950

See also

External links

  • Official website of the Prime Minister of Greece
  • List of Greek heads of state and government
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