World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Australian capital cities

Article Id: WHEBN0003326582
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Australian capital cities  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tasmania, Australia/Featured article/2007, Demographics of Australia, Perth, Adelaide
Collection: Australian Capital Cities, Demographics of Australia, Lists of Capitals of Country Subdivisions, Lists of Cities in Australia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of Australian capital cities

There are eight capital cities in Australia, Each of which function as the seat of government for the state or territory in which they are located. Melbourne was the initial capital following the 1901 Federation of Australia. In 1927, the seat of national government was moved to the newly created city of Canberra, which continues to serve as the national capital to this day.

Each capital city hosts the judicial, administrative and legislative functions for their jurisdiction. In the case of the states and internal territories, their capital cities also happen to be the most populous city in their respective jurisdiction.

The Australian external territory of Norfolk Island has its official capital at Kingston, although this acts merely as the administrative centre of government; its de facto capital is Burnt Pine.[1]

State and Territory Capitals of Australia
Jurisdiction Capital City Population State/Territory Population[2] Date of statehood Capital since Image
Australia and
Australian Capital Territory
Canberra 381,488 381,488 Has not attained statehood* 1913
View of Civic from Mount Ainslie, with Telstra Tower in the background
New South Wales Sydney 4,757,083 7,410,399 1788 1788
Victoria Melbourne 4,347,955 5,739,341 1851 1851
The Melbourne skyline on the Yarra River
Queensland Brisbane 2,238,394 4,656,803 1859 1860
Brisbane's CBD, with the Story Bridge in the foreground
Western Australia Perth 1,972,358 2,519,321 1829 1829
View of Perth CBD skyline
South Australia Adelaide 1,291,666 1,670,827 1842 1856
View of Adelaide from Light's Vision, Montefiore Hill
.
Tasmania Hobart 217,973 513,159 1825 1826
View of the Hobart downtown district and Mount Wellington from Constitution Dock
Northern Territory Darwin 136,245 240,759 Has not attained Statehood** 1911
View of Darwin CBD

*Although ACT has its own government, it is currently still considered a territory under Commonwealth rule.

** in 1911, South Australia transferred responsibility for governing the Northern Territory to the Commonwealth Government of Australia. It was granted self-governance in 1978, however the Northern Territory is still considered a territory under Commonwealth rule, not a state.

References

  1. ^ Norfolk Island - Kingston http://www.pitcairners.org/vt_kingston.html Norfolk Island's Home on the Web
  2. ^ "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2012-13: ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION, States and Territories - Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSAs)".   ERP at 30 June 2013

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.