Leyte island

Leyte
The location of the Island of Leyte
Leyte (Philippines)
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates

10°50′N 124°50′E / 10.833°N 124.833°E / 10.833; 124.833Coordinates: 10°50′N 124°50′E / 10.833°N 124.833°E / 10.833; 124.833

Archipelago Visayas
Area 7,367.6 km2 (2,844.65 sq mi)[1]
Country
Philippines
Province Leyte, Southern Leyte
Largest city Tacloban (pop. 221,174)
Demographics
Population 2,188,295 (as of 2010)[2]
Density 297 /km2 (769 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups (Waray, Cebuano), Bisaya people

Leyte /ˈlt/ is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.

Politically, the island is divided into two provinces: (Northern) Leyte and Southern Leyte. Territorially, Southern Leyte Province includes the island of Panaon to its south. Biliran Island, to the north of Leyte Island, was formerly a sub-province of Leyte, and is now a separate province, Biliran Province.

The major cities of Leyte are Tacloban City, on the eastern shore at the northwest corner of Leyte Gulf, and Ormoc City, on the west coast.

Leyte today is notable for the geothermal electric power plants near Ormoc.

However, Leyte is most famous for its role in the reconquest of the Philippines in World War II. On 20 October 1944, General Douglas MacArthur waded ashore on Leyte, saying "I have returned". However, the Japanese did not give up so easily, as the ensuing Battle of Leyte proved, and convergence of naval forces resulted in the four-day Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history.

Geography

The island measures about 180 kilometres (110 mi) north-south and about 65 kilometres (40 mi) at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins Samar Island, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km (1.2 mi) in some places. The island province of Biliran is also to the north of Leyte and is joined to Leyte island by a bridge across the narrow Biliran Strait. To the south Leyte is separated from Mindanao by the Surigao Strait. To the east, Leyte is somewhat "set back" from the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean, Samar to the northeast and Dinagat Islands to the southeast forming the Leyte Gulf. To the west is the Camotes Sea.

Leyte is mostly heavily forested and mountainous, but the Leyte Valley in the northeast has much agriculture.

Demographics

Historical and interesting sites

The Leyte Provincial Capitol is the seat of the provincial government where there is a historic mural depicting the First Mass of Limasawa in the Orient and the landing of Gen. Douglas MacArthur.

The Leyte Landing Memorial in Red Beach, Palo, marks the American liberation forces landing. It also has a lagoon where the life-size statues of Gen. McArthur stands albeit the true landing General McArthur set foot takes place on Dulag, Leyte.

Lake Danao is a violin-shaped lake hemmed by cloud-capped mountain ranges.

Calanggaman Island in Palompon, Leyte is a virgin island with pure white side. It has two long sandbars. The ecological atmosphere of the island had been preserved by the municipality.

The Sto. Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum boasts the painting of the fourteen station of the cross done by Filipino artists and a bas-relief of the legend of the first Filipino man and woman (Malakas and Maganda).

The San Juanico Bridge is the longest bridge in the Philippines.

Leyte Island is the birthplace of the Tinikling dance, popular throughout the Philippines.

In popular culture

The Japanese film Nobi ("Fires on the Plain") is set on Leyte in 1945 (but was filmed in Japan).

References

External links

  • Leyte Island - TA.com

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.