World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lebanese Brazilian

Article Id: WHEBN0017480543
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lebanese Brazilian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lebanese Argentine, Lebanese people in Sweden, Lebanese Colombian, Lebanese immigration to Mexico, Arab diaspora
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lebanese Brazilian

Lebanese Brazilian
Líbano-brasileiro
البرازيلي اللبناني



Total population

The Brazilian/Lebanese governments claim there are 7 million Brazilians of Lebanese descent.[1][2] However, another study, covering only the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso and Distrito Federal, found only about 2 million Brazilians of any Middle-Eastern ancestry.[3]

including mixed with other groups
Regions with significant populations
Brazil: Mainly in São Paulo State, Minas Gerais, Goiás, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná.
Languages
Brazilian Portuguese, Arabic (Lebanese Arabic)
Religion
Roman Catholicism 65%, Eastern Orthodox Church 20%, Shia Islam, Sunni Islam, Druze 15%
Today predominantly Roman Catholicism
and some Muslim, Agnosticism, Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Other Brazilian and Lebanese people
White Brazilians, Arab Brazilians

A Lebanese Brazilian (Portuguese: Líbano-brasileiro) (Arabic: البرازيلي اللبناني) is a Brazilian person of full, partial, or predominantly Lebanese ancestry, or a Lebanese-born person immigrant in Brazil. Until 1922, Levantine immigrants were considered "Turks", as they carried passports issued by the Turkish Ottoman Empire, which then ruled over present-day Lebanon.[4]

The population of Brazil of either full or partial Lebanese descent is estimated by the Brazilian and Lebanese governments to be around 7 million people.[5][6] According to a research conducted by IBGE in 2008, covering only the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso and Distrito Federal, 0.9% of white Brazilian respondents said they had family origins in the Middle East.[3] If the first figure is correct (7 million), this number of descendants is larger than the population in Lebanon.

Immigration of the Lebanese (and Syrians) to Brazil started in the late 19th century, most of them coming from Lebanon and later from Syria. The immigration to Brazil grew further in the 20th century, and was concentrated in the state of São Paulo, but also extended to Minas Gerais, Goiás, Rio de Janeiro and other parts of Brazil.

Between 1884-1933 130,000 Lebanese people immigrated to Brazil. 65% of them were Catholics (Maronite Catholics and Melkite Catholics), 20% were Eastern Orthodox and 15% were Muslims (Shia, Sunni and Druze). According to French Consulate reports from that time[1], Lebanese/ Syrian immigrants in São Paulo and Santos were 130,000, in Pará 20,000, Rio de Janeiro 15,000, Rio Grande do Sul 14,000 and in Bahia 12,000. During the Lebanese Civil War 32,000 Lebanese people immigrated to Brazil.

Although the exact number of Lebanese Brazilians is disputed it is clear that there are at least 6 million Brazilians of Lebanese origin.[7] In business, economics, culture and many other fields, Lebanese people sit at the top of Brazilian society. Despite making up less than 4 percent of the population, 10 percent of parliamentarians have Lebanese origins.

Lebanese culture has influenced many aspects of Brazil's culture. In big towns of Brazil it is easy to find restaurants of Lebanese food, and dishes, such as sfiha ("esfiha"), hummus, kibbeh ("quibe"), tahina, tabbouleh ("tabule") and halwa are very well known among Brazilians.

Most Lebanese immigrants in Brazil have worked as traders, roaming the vast country to sell textiles and clothes and open new markets. Lebanese-Brazilians are well-integrated into Brazilian society.

The Hospital Sírio-Libanês (Syrian-Lebanese Hospital) founded by the Lebanese Community in 1931 in São Paulo.
Igreja Ortodoxa São Jorge de Brasília (St. George Eastern Orthodox Church) located in Brasília.
Lebanese Mosque in Cuiabá, Brazil.

Notable Lebanese Brazilians

Please see List of Lebanese people in Brazil

See also

References

  1. ^ Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affaires
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ a b IBGE: Características Étnico-Raciais da População
  4. ^ Recopilaron casi 200 años de los sirio libaneses en Argentina
  5. ^ Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affaires
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ Executive Magazine: "How the Lebanese conquered Brazil - Success came through hard work and perseverance" by Joe Dyke July 3, 2014
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.