Law enforcement in romania

Romanian Police
Poliţia Română
Common name Poliţia
Abbreviation PR
Coat of arms of the Romanian Police
Motto Lex et Honor
Law and Honour
Agency overview
Formed 1990
Preceding agency Miliţia
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency ROU
General nature
  • Law enforcement
  • Civilian police
Operational structure
Headquarters Bucharest
Agency executive Chestor principal de poliţie Petre Toba, General Inspector
Parent agency Ministry of Administration and Interior
Website
http://www.politiaromana.ro/prima_pagina/index.aspx (Romanian)

The Romanian Police (Romanian: Poliţia Română, pronounced [poˈlit͡si.a roˈmɨnə]) is the national police force and main civil law enforcement agency in Romania. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Administration and Interior.[1]

Duties

The Romanian Police are responsible for:

  • the protection of the fundamental rights and liberties of the citizens and of the private and public property
  • the prevention and identification of criminal offenses and their perpetrators
  • maintaining the public order and safety

Organization

General Inspectorate of Romanian Police is the central unit of police in Romania, which manages, guides, supports and controls the activity of the Romanian police units, investigates and analyses very serious crimes related to organized crime, economic, financial or banking criminality, or to other crimes which make the object of the criminal cases investigated by the Prosecutor’s Office of the Supreme Court of Justice, and which has any other attributions assigned by law.

The organizational chart of General Inspectorate of Romanian Police includes general directorates, directorates, services and, offices established by the order of the Minister of Administration and Interior.

The General Inspectorate is under the command of a General Inspector appointed by the Minister of Administration and Interior.

Central units

  • General Directorate for Criminal Investigations - with 3 central directorates: Fraud Investigations Directorate, Criminal Investigations Directorate, Directorate of Firearms, Explosives and Toxic Substances.
  • General Directorate for Public Safety Police - with 3 central directorates: Public Order Directorate, Traffic Police Directorate, Transport Police Directorate.
  • General Directorate for Administrative Police - with 4 central directorates: Forensics Institute, Directorate for Criminal Records, Statistics and Operational Registry, Directorate for Logistics Management, the Directorate for IT&C.

Under the command of the General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police operates a specialized intervention squad, The Independent Service of Special Interventions and Operations.


Territorial units

The Romanian Police is divided into 41 County Police Inspectorates, corresponding to each county (judeţ), and The Bucharest General Directorate of Police.

Each County Police Inspectorate has a rapid reaction unit (Detaşamentul de Poliţie pentru Intervenţie Rapidă, Police Rapid Intervention Squad). The similar unit attached to the Bucharest Police is called Serviciul de Poliţie pentru Intervenţie Rapidă (Police Rapid Intervention Service).

Facilities and equipment

The Romanian Police has, altogether, roughly 9,500 intervention vehicles.[2] The fleet is mostly comprised by Dacia Logans and various Volkswagen vehicles. Mercedes Vito is yet another model in use, used by the special forces, border police and others. The Road/Traffic Police also has BMWs, Seat and Lotus vehicles, used for road chasing.[3]

The police also uses helicopters for air surveillance and immediate response.[4] The most common manufacturer is Eurocopter.

A policeman on duty carries a side gun (usually a Carpaţi pistol or Glock semi-automated weapon), a pair of handcuffs, an expandable baton, a radio communication device and identification.

Ranks

Before 2002, the National Police had military status and a military ranking system (see Romanian Armed Forces ranks and insignia). In June 2002 it became a civilian police force (the first police service in Eastern Europe to do so) and its personnel was structured into two corps:

  • Corpul ofiţerilor de poliţie (Police Officers Corps) - corresponding to the commissioned ranks of a military force, to the ranks of Inspector, Superintendent and Commissioner in a British-style police force or to the both Corps de conception et de direction and Corps de commande et d'encadrement in the French National Police (Police Nationale).
Rank Shoulder insignia Translated as Military rank equivalent French police rank equivalent British Metropolitan Police rank equivalent
Chestor-general de poliţie Police Quaestor-General General Directeur des services actifs Commissioner
Chestor-şef de poliţie Police Chief-Quaestor Lieutenant General Inspecteur général Assistant Commissioner
Chestor principal de poliţie Police Principal Quaestor Major General Contrôleur général Deputy Assistant Commissioner
Chestor de poliţie Police Quaestor Brigadier General Contrôleur général Commander
Comisar-şef de poliţie Police Chief-Commissioner Colonel Commissaire divisionnaire Chief Superintendent
Comisar de poliţie Police Commissioner Lieutenant Colonel Commissaire de police Superintendent Grade I
Subcomisar de poliţie Police Sub-Commissioner Major Commandant Superintendent
Inspector principal de poliţie Police Principal Inspector Captain Capitaine Chief Inspector
Inspector de poliţie Police Inspector Lieutenant Lieutenant Inspector
Subinspector de poliţie Police Sub-Inspector Second Lieutenant Lieutenant intern Temporary/Probationary Inspector
  • Corpul agenţilor de poliţie (Police Agents Corps) - corresponding to the non-commissioned ranks of a military force, to the Corps de maîtrise et d'application in the French National Police or to the ranks of Constable or Sergeant in a British-style police force.
Rank Shoulder insignia Translated as Military rank equivalent French police rank equivalent British police rank equivalent
Agent-şef principal de poliţie Police Principal Chief Agent Sergeant Major Brigadier-major Station Sergeant
Agent-şef de poliţie Police Chief Agent Master Sergeant Brigadier-chef Station Sergeant
Agent-şef adjunct de poliţie Police Deputy Chief Agent Sergeant First Class Brigadier Sergeant
Agent principal de poliţie Police Principal Agent Staff Sergeant Gardien de la paix Acting Sergeant
Agent de poliţie Police Agent Sergeant Gardien de la paix stagiare Constable

See also

Crime:

  • Crime in Romania

External links

  • (English) Official site

References

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