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Lakhisarai

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Title: Lakhisarai  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Lakhisarai district, Kiul River, National Highway 80 (India)(old numbering), Munger division, Barauni
Collection: Cities and Towns in Lakhisarai District, Lakhisarai District
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Lakhisarai


Lakhisarai
Lakhisarai is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar , India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Bihar
District Lakhisarai
Government
 • Body Municipal council
Area
 • Total 12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 99,931
 • Rank 22nd in bihar
 • Density 653/km2 (1,690/sq mi)
Languages
 • Spoken Bhojpuri Magahi, Hindi[1]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 811311
Nearest city Munger
Sex ratio 0.92 /
Literacy 60.96%
Lok Sabha constituency Munger
Vidhan Sabha constituency Lakhisarai
Civic agency Municipal council
Website .in.nic.bihlakhisarai
Lakhisarai
Lakhisarai

(archaic spelling: Luckeesarai) town is the administrative headquarters of Lakhisarai district in the Indian state of Bihar. The town has a population of 99,931 (2011 census). It is well connected by road and rail routes. It is situated 50 km west of the town of Munger. The town hosts small scale industrial units, including rice mills and iron rod, sindur (vermilion), drugs and insecticide factories. The Ganges, Harohar and Kiul rivers flow through the district. There is a popular Hindu temple named Ashok Dhaam.[2] Pokhram village in Lakhisarai has temples and a pond. Famous Hindu Temple of Shree Shesh Nag Baba in the west BABHAGAWAN Village.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transport 2
  • Terrorism 3
  • References 4

History

Lakhisarai was an established administrative and religious center during the golden period of Pala dynasty. In Buddhist literature the town was mentioned as "Anguttri", implying its status as a district. Originally it was a new district craved out of Munger district. In the ancient period it was identified with the names Munger or Ang Pradesh. During the Pala administration it was the capital for a period of the Pala empire.

Historian D. C. Sarkar found evidence that confirmed that this place was an important "Krimila" subject during the Pala administration. A monument to Madan Pal from the period 1161–1162 was found in Balgudar displaying a Narayana statue as Krimila subject. Chinese traveler Huen Tsang described this place as having 10 Buddha mathas and more than four hundred Buddhist residents. Most were Heenyanis. Ten Hindu temples were found.

According to Sri Radha Krishna Chaudhary, the Buddha mathas were on the southern side of the Ganges. The king of Pala dynasty was Buddhist. The region was ruled from seventh century to eleventh century by the administrators of Pala dynasty. The Sen family ruled in the 11th century. Acharya Hawaldar Triapthi mentioned this region on the basis of "Mritika Mudra" kept in Nalanda. It implies that Krimila and Caval Gram were important. The people believe that the Krimila of that period is now Kiul Basti, on the southern side of Lakhisarai station. Krimila was a center of Buddhist religion. Lord Buddha also stayed there for three years on Chaliya Mountain. Jantugram was nearby Chaliya mountain and was situated on the banks of Krimikala river, where Lord Buddha and his followers visited and delivered speeches.

Md. Bin Bakhtiyar attacked this region in the 11th century. Sher Shah Suri ruled this region in the 15th century. Surajgarha witnessed the great war between Sher Shah Suri and Mughal emperor Humayun in 1534.

In religious context, Surajgarha was also an important place for the Shiva sect.

Transport

. The nearest Airport is Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan International Airport Patna, around 125km away. Lakhisarai railway station falls on the Patna-Howrah main line passing through Kiul junction. Road connectivity is good as national highway no. 80 passes through Lakhisarai.

Terrorism

References

  1. ^ "lakhisarai- surajgarha". detailsofindia.com. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  2. ^ [2]
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