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Khuzdar

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Title: Khuzdar  
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Subject: Khuzdar District, Quetta, Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo, N-25 National Highway, M8 motorway (Pakistan)
Collection: Khuzdar District, Populated Places in Balochistan, Pakistan
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Khuzdar

Khuzdar
Khuzdar is located in Pakistan
Khuzdar
Coordinates:
Country  Pakistan
Province Balochistan Province
Elevation 1,237 m (4,058 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code +92848

Khuzdar (Brahui/Balochi: خوزدار, Khuzdār; Urdu: خضدار‎) is the capital city of the Khuzdar District of central Balochistan, Pakistan. Before March 1974, Khuzdar was a part of Kalat District. The Jhalawani or southern dialect of the Brahui language is spoken.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography and climate 2
  • Demography 3
  • References 4

History

Khuzdar was the capital of the Brahui kingdom of Makran.[1]

In the early 17th century it was part of the Jhalawan kingdom, but it soon fell under the Kingdom of Kalat, where it remained until a series of revolts during the reign of Khudadad Khan (1857-1893). By 1896, after Khudadad's death, the authority of Kalat was restored.[2]

Under a treaty with Kalat, the British appointed a political agent at Khuzdar in 1903. British assistance continued until 1947, after which the area was acceded to Pakistan as part of the two nation theory and became a Democracy. When the Baluchistan States Union became Kalat Division, Khuzdar was established as the divisional headquarters. The divisional administration of Pakistan ended in 2000. Khuzdar was again established as the Divisional headquarters in June 2009 by the Pakistan Peoples Party Government.

Geography and climate

Khuzdar is at the apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 metres (4,058 ft). Despite this altitude, Khuzdar like most of Balochistan has an arid climate (Köppen BWh) with very low and erratic rainfall. Unlike most parts of the province, the heaviest average rainfall comes from the Asian monsoon in July and August, though this rainfall tends to be very erratic and in many summers there is no significant rain at all.

Climate data for Khuzdar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
28.4
(83.1)
33.0
(91.4)
37.2
(99)
41.7
(107.1)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
40.2
(104.4)
38.0
(100.4)
31.2
(88.2)
28.0
(82.4)
43
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
18.4
(65.1)
23.5
(74.3)
29.9
(85.8)
35.0
(95)
38.1
(100.6)
36.2
(97.2)
35.4
(95.7)
34.0
(93.2)
29.9
(85.8)
24.9
(76.8)
21.4
(70.5)
28.64
(83.55)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.7
(53.1)
17.0
(62.6)
23.2
(73.8)
28.1
(82.6)
31.3
(88.3)
30.3
(86.5)
29.3
(84.7)
27.0
(80.6)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.9
(53.4)
21.54
(70.77)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
5.0
(41)
10.7
(51.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.2
(73.8)
20.1
(68.2)
13.9
(57)
8.4
(47.1)
4.5
(40.1)
14.63
(58.34)
Record low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.6
(33.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.0
(51.8)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
15.0
(59)
12.8
(55)
5.0
(41)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.1
(21)
−8
(18)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.9
(0.665)
26.1
(1.028)
27.7
(1.091)
12.6
(0.496)
13.1
(0.516)
11.1
(0.437)
47.7
(1.878)
64.5
(2.539)
6.4
(0.252)
5.0
(0.197)
5.7
(0.224)
15.6
(0.614)
252.4
(9.937)
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [3]

Demography

Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Khuzdar District was estimated to be over 525,000 in 2005. The major tribes in the district Mengal are Dehwar, Umrani, Bizenjo, Kurd, Jattak, Muhammad Hasni, Zehri, Sanghur and Mengal.

References

  1. ^ Risley, Herbert Hope (1903) Census of India, 1901. Volume I. India. Ethnographic appendices, being the data upon which the caste chapter of the Report is based Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, page 66, OCLC 2196225
  2. ^ Hughes-Buller, R. (ed.) (1908) Imperial gazetteer of India: Provincial Series: Baluchistan Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, pages 16-17
  3. ^ "Khuzdar Climate Normals 1971-1990".  
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