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Khunti

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Title: Khunti  
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Subject: South Chotanagpur Division, Birsa Munda, Hirni Falls, Panchghagh Falls, Indian Institute of Management Ranchi
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Khunti

Khunti, Jharkhand
ଖୁଣ୍ଟି
semi town
Khunti, Jharkhand is located in Jharkhand
Khunti, Jharkhand
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Khunti
Elevation 611 m (2,005 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 29,271
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Mundari
 • Other important Odia
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 835210
Telephone code 06528
Vehicle registration JH O1
Website http://khunti.nic.in/

Khunti (खूंटी) is the headquarter of Khunti district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is in South Chotanagpur division and one of the twenty-four districts the Indian state of Jharkhand. The district of Khunti was carved out of Ranchi district on 12 September 2007. It is historically known as the centre of activity of the Birsa movement. As of 2011, it is the second least populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24), after Lohardaga. The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Physiography 3
  • Climate 4
  • Flora & Fauna 5
  • Demographics 6
  • Administration 7
    • Sub-division 7.1
    • Blocks 7.2
  • Utility services 8
  • Healthcare 9
  • Transport 10
    • By Air 10.1
    • By Rail 10.2
  • Tourist attractions 11
  • Festival and dances 12
    • Jadur Susun, Karam Susun (DANCE) 12.1
  • Villages 13
    • Villages in Khunti Block are 13.1
    • Villages in Torpa Block are 13.2
  • Society 14
    • Economy 14.1
  • References 15

History

According to a local legend it is told that at old time Munda people tradition, King of Chhotangapur Maharaja Madra Munda's son Setea had eight sons. Of these eight greatgrandsons of Madra Munda, the eldest went southwards of Ranchi. He established a Khuntkatti village which he named Khunti.

When Mundas first went to Khunti and its neighborhood, they found that part of the country in the occupation of the Asuras and the Tirkis. When the Mundas with their stalwart physique appeared in the country, the Asuras and Tirkis got terribly frightened.It is asserted that Munda women of those times used to wear glittering jewelery weighing as much as ten seers each and the men could carry weights as much as many maunds. The Mundas to this day recite a couplet which describes how the Tirkis fled in trops when they saw the Mundas approach with their many ornaments sparkling in the sun. The Asuras went westwards to Basia Pargana and Nagra.

Geography

Khunti is located at southern Jharkhand.

Physiography

The landscape is uneven and mountainous with perennial river flowing at seasons.

Climate

The climate is tropical rain forest. Maximum rainfall takes place during the months from July to September that accounts for more than 90% of total rainfall in the state.

Flora & Fauna

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[1] Khunti had a population of 29,271. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Khunti has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 61%. In Khunti, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Administration

On September 12, 2007, it was carved out of Ranchi District as the 23rd district of Jharkhand. Earlier it was a Sub-division of Ranchi District.

The new district has one sub-division and six blocks:

Sub-division

  • Khunti

Blocks

  • Arki
  • Karra
  • Khunti
  • Murhu
  • Rania
  • Torpa

Karra block is situated nearly 30 km from Dhurwa and 18 km from Khunti. Sai Baba mandir is at Sai Gram. Karra is known for its ancient linkage with Uttar Pradesh when merchants came from Gazipur to settle. Neighborhoods (tola) include Nawkel, Dakghar, Baraiktoli, Station, Mahto toli, Masmano and Karra Chawk. Aamreshwar Dham, also known as Angrabari, hosts many temples, mostly for Lord Shiva. Aamreshwar Dham gathers devotees in Savan month of Hindu calendar, as the sacred month of Lord Shiva. Other temples include Durga Ghar and Devi guri in Mahato toli; Dakghar Shiva temple, Nawkel Devi guri temple (made by Sri Janki Sahu). Karra has two Churches and two Mosques. Work has shifted from agriculture to export of local goods such Mahua, Tamarind, Madua(ragi) and Dhan(paddy). to wholesale markets in Ranchi and Lakhanow. Majority of people are Munda, Oraon and Christians converted Mundas. Other people are Baraik, Rajput (Ganjhu), Bania, Halwai, Brahmins, Dhobi, Chamar, Nai, Muslims, etc. Karra is known for sweet potatoes.

Utility services

There is a lack of utility services of water supply due to which people dug open wells in every house or the use of hand pumps for water procurement. Postal services have proved to be much efficient.

Healthcare

There is a civil hospital at Khunti with facilities for providing medical facilities to the public.

Transport

By Air

Birsa Munda Airport in Ranchi is the nearest airport. It is around 33 km. from Khunti.

By Rail

There is no railway station in Khunti. The nearest station to Khunti is Hatia railway station. Most people use bus or taxi services to reach Hatia Railway Station or Ranchi Railway Station.

Tourist attractions

Panchghagh Falls : A spectacular place with five beautiful cascaded in a row, Panchghagh Falls, located around 15 km from Khunti in a place on way to Khunti-Chaibasa. These five falls originates from high altitudes and the foot of the falls is good picnic spot, to have the experience of bath under the gushing water. Recently these five falls have been attracting many tourists visiting Khunti for its eternal beauty, pristine surroundings and calm atmosphere.

Deer Park : The park is placed a picturesque surroundings, with beautiful gardens, well laid pathways and playing parks for children. The main attraction here is the Park safari and the facilities arranged for the visitors are very good.

Angrabadi Temple : Angrabadi temple complex, placed in the surroundings of tranquil beauty and in a calm and peaceful atmosphere, is a majestic temple complex near Khunti. The temple was renamed as Amreshwar Dham by the Sage Shankaracharya Swami Swarupananda Saraswathi. The temples are distinctive and enclose the Hindu Gods such as Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesh, Ram-Sita and Hanuman. Ram-Sita is a unique one worth visiting. This is a superb place to visit for spiritual enrichment and also for eye pleasing natural beauty and sceneries.

Perwaghag : One of the most beautiful waterfalls in Jharkhand, hidden in the lush forests near Torpa block. In rainy season it is inaccessible. But, in winter around Christmas and New Year it is one of the most popular picnic spot to enjoy.

Festival and dances

Khunti is home to people of many castes, creeds and sects. All festivals are celebrated with pomp, glory and in harmony specially local festivals like Faghun, Sarhul, Dasain, Tusu, Karam etc.

Jadur Susun, Karam Susun (DANCE)

Basically people are known Adiwasi dance but actually its name are Jadur Susun (Dance), Karam Susun (Dance) etc. these dances are dancing occasionlly,

Adiwasi dance

Villages

Dorma is a small village in Torpa Block in Khunti District in Jharkhand State. Torpa, Rania, Murhu, Kamdara, are the nearby Towns to Dorma . Dorma is reachable by Pokla Railway Station, Bano Railway Station, Piska Railway Station, Itky Railway Station, . Its main Village Panchayat is Domra Panchayat . Dundigara is a small village in Namkum Block in Ranchi District in Jharkhand State. Namkum, Ranchi, Kanke, Angara, are the nearby Towns to Dundigara . Dundigara is reachable by Namkum Railway Station, Ranchi Railway Station, Argora Railway Station, Hatia Railway Station, . Its main Village Panchayat is Dundigara Panchayat .

Villages in Khunti Block are

  • Alaundi
  • Anidih
  • Anigara
  • Argori
  • Bagru
  • Bandhtoli
  • Bandih
  • Bara Banri
  • Bara Baru
  • Bara Sarle
  • Barbanda
  • Bariloyong
  • Barkargi
  • Barudih
  • Barudih
  • Belahathi
  • Belangi
  • Belwadag
  • Bhanrra
  • Bhut
  • Birhu
  • Bokrahisa
  • Bongamad
  • Budhudih
  • Burhadih
  • Burudih
  • Buruhatu
  • Chalam
  • Chalangi
  • Chalmbartoli
  • Chamri
  • Chandor
  • Chhota Banri
  • Chhota Baru
  • Chhotasarle
  • Chikor
  • Chinchal
  • Chiruhatu
  • Chitramu
  • Chukru
  • Dabgana
  • Dandaul
  • Dangiadag
  • Dargama
  • Darigutu
  • Dewo
  • Dokar
  • Dugdugiya
  • Dulli
  • Dulmi
  • Dunardaga
  • Dundidih
  • Dungra
  • Eranda
  • Fakra
  • Garamara
  • Gargaon
  • Ghaghra
  • Gutjora
  • Habudih
  • Hakadua
  • Hating Chauli
  • Hatudami
  • Hendeba
  • Hesahatu
  • Hesang
  • Hurlung
  • Hutar
  • Idri
  • Irud
  • Jamri
  • Jiarapa
  • Jiki
  • Jikilata
  • Jilinga
  • Jojahatu
  • Jonodih
  • Jordag
  • Kalamati
  • Kanadih
  • Kanki
  • Kapariya
  • Karetumbi
  • Karge
  • Karora
  • Katud
  • Kenduasokra
  • Kerra
  • Khijuri
  • Khunti (NP)
  • Kujram
  • Kumkuma
  • Kurkuta
  • Kurkutiya
  • Labodag
  • Lamlum
  • Landup
  • Latarhatu
  • Latarjang
  • Lotor
  • Manhu
  • Maranghada
  • Maranghatu
  • Murhi
  • Nachitola
  • Nehaldih
  • Omto
  • Ondra
  • Pataniya
  • Patibera
  • Patomgara
  • Patratoli
  • Phuddi
  • Pirihatu
  • Poseya
  • Putidag
  • Rabangdag
  • Rai
  • Rangrum
  • Remta
  • Rewa
  • Salgadih
  • Sandasom
  • Saradkel
  • Sarjama
  • Senegutu
  • Sesotoli
  • Setagara
  • Siladon
  • Silda
  • Simbhukel
  • Sirum
  • Sodag
  • Sukandih
  • Sukrisereng
  • Sulhe
  • Taro
  • Tarub
  • Teram
  • Tilma
  • Tirla
  • Torangkel
  • Totada
  • Utrung

Villages in Torpa Block are

Society

Khunti is also known for its communal harmony. The population mainly consists of tribal communities such as Munda, Kharia, Oraon, etc. In town area people belonging to other communities (caste Hindus) are also well established along with these Tribal people. Festivals like Dushera, Diwali, Christmas, Good Friday, Sarhul, Eid, Muharram, Ramnawmi, Holi, etc. are celebrated with participation of all communities. The place also boasts of a thriving business community. Known for its tranquility, in the recent past the place has been witnessing Naxal insurgency.

Economy

Majority of the population is tribal in the Khunti sub-division and they are dependent on agriculture and forests for their livelihood. Lack of food security from the land has compelled many tribal families to migrate out of their own villages. This is despite the fact that the existing landholdings can provide stable livelihoods to the tribal families. Lack of land development, irrigation, credit, know-how for improved agriculture, access to market etc. act as serious constraints leading to a large number of impoverished tribal families.

The area however is endowed with good rainfall - in most blocks the annual rainfall exceeds 1100 millimetres. There are numerous small rivers, rivulets and streams, which carry water up to the month of February or March. In spite of that, most cultivated lands do not have assurance of water for crops even during the monsoon. Inadequacy of water harvesting infrastructures and water use systems have allowed the rain water to run off through the streams to downstream areas beyond the State, leaving the lands here dry.

It has been long argued that ensuring water assurance to crops and improving land husbandry practices could go a long way in improving the livelihoods of poor families and impacting the local economy in rural areas. However, it has also been the experience that timely credit in adequate amount and know-how for improved agriculture are also essential along with water assurance to crops. For water assurance, the large irrigation schemes have not been successful in the district and other parts of Jharkhand.

The area is famous for the Lac cultivation. A large part of the India's total lac production comes from this area.Lac, a natural polymer (resin) is produced by a tiny insect, Kerria lacca (Kerr), which is purposely cultured on shoots of several species of trees, mainly palas, kusum and ber. This agricultural profession of lac cultivation is a subsidiary source of income for a large number of families in the area.

A number of development agencies are active in the area, prominent among which is a national level development organization called PRADAN, with an office in Torpa road. Others are missionary organizations such as, NBJK,and SGVS.

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
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