World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

John I of Sweden

Swedish Royalty
House of Sverker
Sverker I
Children
Prince John
Charles VII
Princess Ingegerd
Boleslaw?
Charles VII
Children
Sverker II
Boleslaw, Kol
Sverker II
Children
Princess Helena
John I
John I
Coin issued by King John I

John I (Swedish: Johan Sverkersson; c. 1201 – March 10, 1222) was a Swedish king elected in 1216.[1]

Background

John was the son of King Sverker II of Sweden of the House of Sverker and Queen Ingegerd of the Bjälbo dynasty. King Sverker had been beaten in the Battle of Lena and later killed in the Battle of Gestilren in 1210. His rival Erik Knutsson, from the House of Eric, became King Eric X of Sweden.

Reign

When King Eric died suddenly in fever in 1216, the teen-aged John was hailed king by the Swedish aristocracy against the will of the Pope in Rome. John was crowned in 1219 and remained king until his death on March 10, 1222. John died unmarried and childless. In 1222, the rival dynasty's young heir, Erik Eriksson ascended the throne at the age of 6 to reign as King Eric XI of Sweden.[2]

During the brief reign of King John, a Swedish presence was established in Estonia. John's cousin, Earl Karl Döve (the brother of Birger Brosa) and his chancellor, Bishop Karl Magnusson led an expedition to Rotalia in Estonia which ended in a defeat in the Battle of Lihula on August 8, 1220. Defeat in the Battle of Lihula left no Swedish presence and discouraged the Swedish expansion to Estonia for more than 300 years. The events were described in the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia and the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle.

References

  1. ^ (Sverkerättens strid mot Eriksätten)Johan Sverkersson, kung 1216-22
  2. ^ (Nordisk familjebok)Johan 1. (I) Sverkersson
Johan Sverkersson
Born: 1201 Died: March 10 1222
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eric X
King of Sweden
1216–1222
Succeeded by
Eric XI
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.