World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jacques Doriot

Article Id: WHEBN0000904731
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jacques Doriot  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vichy France, French Popular Party, Alexis Carrel, Simon Sabiani, Révolution nationale
Collection: 1898 Births, 1945 Deaths, Deaths by Airstrike During World War II, French Anti-Communists, French Collaborators with Nazi Germany, French Communist Party Politicians, French Fascists, French Journalists, French Male Writers, French Military Personnel Killed in World War II, French Military Personnel of World War I, French Popular Party Politicians, German Military Personnel Killed in World War II, People from Oise, Recipients of the Croix De Guerre (France), Recipients of the Croix De Guerre 1914–1918 (France), Recipients of the Iron Cross (1939)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jacques Doriot

Jacques Doriot
Jacques Doriot
Born (1898-09-26)September 26, 1898
Bresles, Oise, France
Died February 22, 1945(1945-02-22) (aged 46)
Mengen, Württemberg, Germany
Resting place Mengen
Nationality French
Citizenship French
Occupation Politician

Jacques Doriot (French: ; 26 September 1898, Bresles, Oise – 22 February 1945, near Mengen, Württemberg) was a French politician prior to and during World War II. He began as a Communist but then turned Fascist.

Contents

  • Early life and politics 1
  • Fascism 2
  • Collaboration 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life and politics

Doriot moved to Saint Denis, near Paris, at an early age and became a labourer. In 1916, in the midst of World War I, he became a committed Socialist, but his political activity was halted by his joining the French Army in 1917. Participating in active combat during World War I, Doriot was captured by enemy troops and remained a prisoner of war until 1918. For his wartime service, Doriot was awarded the Croix de guerre.

After being released, he returned to France and in 1920 joined the French Communist Party (PCF), quickly rising through the party - within a few years, he had become one of the PCF major leaders. In 1922 he became a member of the Presidium of the Executive Committee of the Comintern, and a year later was made Secretary of the French Federation of Young Communists. In 1923, Doriot was arrested for violently protesting French occupation of the Ruhr Area. He was released a year later, upon being elected to the French Chamber of Deputies (the Third Republic equivalent of the National Assembly) by the people of Saint Denis.

Fascism

In 1931, Doriot was elected mayor of Saint Denis. Around this time, he came to advocate a Popular Front alliance between the Communists and other French socialist parties with whom Doriot sympathized on a number of issues. Although this would soon become official Communist Party policy, at the time it was seen as heretical and Doriot was expelled from the Communist party in 1934.[1]

Still a member of the Chamber of Deputies, Doriot struck back at the Communists who had renounced him: now bitter towards the Nazi Germany and were bitter opponents of Socialist Premier Léon Blum and his Popular Front coalition.

Collaboration

When France went to war with Germany in 1939, Doriot became a staunch pro-German and supported Germany's occupation of northern France in 1940. Doriot resided in collaborationist Vichy France for a time, but he eventually found that it wasn’t nearly as Fascist as he had hoped it would be and moved to occupied Paris, where he espoused pro-German and anti-Communist propaganda on Radio Paris. In 1941, he and fellow Fascist collaborator Marcel Déat founded the Légion des Volontaires Français (LVF), a French unit of the Wehrmacht.

Doriot fought with the LVF and saw active duty on the Eastern Front when Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. When the LVF was all but destroyed, Doriot fought in the Wehrmacht, and was awarded the Iron Cross in 1943. In his absence leadership of the PPF officially passed to a directorate, although real power came to lie with Maurice-Yvan Sicard.[2] In December 1944, Doriot travelled to Germany and made contact with the former members of Vichy regime and other collaborators who had gathered together at in the Sigmaringen enclave. Doriot's PPF struggled to assume a leadership role within the French expatriate community, basing itself in Mainau and setting up its own radio station, Radio-Patrie, at Bad Mergentheim and publishing its own paper Le Petit Parisien.[3] The PPF was also involved in conducting intelligence and sabotage activities by supplying some volunteers whom the Germans dropped by parachute into liberated France.[4] He was killed on 22 February 1945 while traveling from Mainau to Sigmaringen when his car was strafed by fighter planes. He was buried in Mengen.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Alexander 145.
  2. ^ David Littlejohn, The Patriotic Traitors, London: Heinemann, 1972, p. 272
  3. ^ Olivier Pigoreau, "Rendez-vous tragique à Mengen" 53-61 in (2009) 34 Batailles: l'Histoire Militaire du XXe siècle
  4. ^ Pierre-Philippe Lambert and Gérard Le Marrec, Les Français sous le casque allemand Granchier, 1994. Some 95 Frenchmen were dropped into liberated France, but some were Milice or Franciste members.
  5. ^ "Doriot, French Pro-Nazi" 4.

References

  • Alexander, Martin and Helen Graham (1989). The French and Spanish Popular Fronts: Comparative Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Allardyce, Gilbert (1966). "The Political Transitions of Jacques Doriot." Journal of Contemporary History. 1 (1966).
  • Arnold, Edward (2000). The Development of the Radical Right in France: From Boulanger to le Pen. London: Macmillan.
  • (1945). "Jacques Doriot, French Pro-Nazi, is Killed by Allied Fliers, Germans Report." New York Times. February 24.
  • Soucy, Robert (1966). "The Nature of Fascism in France." Journal of Contemporary History. 1 (1966).

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.