World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

International Air Transport Association

Article Id: WHEBN0000065840
Reproduction Date:

Title: International Air Transport Association  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Airline ticket, Ethiopian Airlines, Aerosvit Airlines, Timatic, Guido Gianasso
Collection: Airline Trade Associations, International Air Transport Association, Organizations Based in Montreal, Organizations Established in 1945
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

International Air Transport Association

International Air Transport Association
Abbreviation IATA
Formation 19 April 1945 (1945-04-19) in Havana, Cuba
Type International trade association
Headquarters 800 Place Victoria (rue Gauvin), Montreal, Canada
Coordinates
Membership approx. 240 airlines (2013)
DG and CEO Tony Tyler
Website .org.iatawww

The International Air Transport Association (IATA [1]) is a trade association of the world’s airlines. These 240 airlines, primarily major carriers, carry approximately 84% of total Available Seat Kilometers air traffic.[2] IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standards. It is headquartered in Montreal, Canada with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Priorities 2
    • Safety 2.1
    • Security 2.2
    • Simplifying the Business 2.3
    • Environment 2.4
    • Services 2.5
    • Publications - Standards 2.6
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

IATA was formed in April 1945 in Chicago Convention, the international treaty that still governs the conduct of international air transport today.

The Chicago Convention couldn’t resolve the issue of who flies where, however, and this has resulted in the thousands of bilateral air transport agreements in existence today. The benchmark standard for the early bilaterals was the 1946 United States-United Kingdom Bermuda Agreement.[5][6]

IATA was also charged by the governments with setting a coherent fare structure that avoided cut-throat competition but also looked after the interests of the consumer. The first Traffic Conference was held in 1947[7] in Rio de Janeiro and reached unanimous agreement on some 400 resolutions.[8]

Aviation grew rapidly over the following decades and IATA’s work duly expanded. It transformed its trade association activities to take account of the new dynamics in aviation, which was seeing increasing demand from the leisure sector. Price flexibility became increasingly important and the United States led the way into deregulation in 1978.[9][10]

IATA has cemented its position as the voice of the aviation industry in recent years, launching a number of important programs and lobbying governments in the wake of successive crises. Despite its factual influence, the IATA is a trade group with no legislative powers.[11]

Priorities

Safety

Safety is the number one priority for IATA. The main instrument for safety is the IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) and its successor, Enhanced IOSA. IOSA has also been mandated at the state level by several countries. In 2012, aviation posted its safest year ever. The global Western-built jet accident rate (measured in hull losses per million flights of Western-built jets) was 0.20, the equivalent of one accident every 5 million flights.[12] Future improvements will be founded on data sharing with a database fed by a multitude of sources and housed by the Global Safety Information Center. In June 2014 the IATA set up a special panel to study measures to track aircraft in flight in real time. The move was in response to the disappearance without trace of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 on 8 March 2014.[13]

Security

Security has become increasingly important following the tragedy of 9/11. Following a series of uncoordinated rules by different countries, the industry has developed a Checkpoint of the Future,[14][15] which is based on risk assessment and passenger differentiation.

Simplifying the Business

Simplifying the Business[16] was launched in 2004. This initiative has introduced a number of crucial concepts to passenger travel, including the electronic ticket[17] and the bar coded boarding pass. Many other innovations are being established as part of the Fast Travel initiative, including a range of self-service baggage options.

A new program that has drawn plenty of interest is New Distribution Capability.[18] This will replace the old EDIFACT messaging standard that is still the basis of the global distribution system /travel agent channel and replace it with an XML standard. This will enable the same choices to be offered to high street travel shoppers as are offered to those who book directly through airline websites. A filing with the US Department of Transportation brought over 400 comments.[19][20]

Environment

IATA members and all industry stakeholders have agreed to three sequential environmental goals:

  1. An average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per annum from 2009 through 2020
  2. A cap on net carbon emissions from aviation from 2020 (carbon-neutral growth)
  3. A 50% reduction in net aviation carbon emissions by 2050 relative to 2005 levels.

At the 69th IATA AGM in Cape Town, South Africa, members overwhelmingly endorsed a resolution on “Implementation of the Aviation Carbon-Neutral Growth (CNG2020) Strategy.”[21]

The resolution provides governments with a set of principles on how governments could:

  • Establish procedures for a single market-based measure (MBM)
  • Integrate a single MBM as part of an overall package of measures to achieve CNG2020

IATA member airlines agreed that a single mandatory carbon offsetting scheme would be the simplest and most effective option for an MBM.

Services

IATA provides consulting and training services in many areas crucial to aviation.

Travel Agent accreditation is available for travel professionals. Full accreditation allows agents to sell tickets on behalf of all IATA member airlines.

Cargo Agent accreditation is a similar program.

IATA also runs the Billing and Settlement Plan, which is a $300 billion-plus financial system that looks after airline money.

And it provides a number of business intelligence publications and services.

Training covers all aspects of aviation and ranges from beginner courses through to senior management courses.

Publications - Standards

A number of standards are defined under the umbrella of IATA. One of the most important is the transport of dangerous goods (HAZMAT).

See also

References

  1. ^ "IATA". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 11 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Fact Sheet: IATA - International Air Transport Association". 
  3. ^ "International Air Transport Association". Princeton University. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Sebastian Höhne. "IT in general Aviation: Pen and Paper vs. Bits and Bytes". hoehne.net. p. 38. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Contemporary Issues in Air Transport Air Law & Regulation". Institute of Air & Space Law, McGill University, Montreal. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Bilateral Air Service Agreements". Aviation Knowledge. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Airline Tariff Publishing Company. "ATPCO corporate history". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "History of Aviation". Online Travel and Tourism Courses. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Airline Deregulation". Federal Bureaucracy, Shmoop. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Fred L. Smith Jr.; Braden Cox. "Airline Deregulation". The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Sebastian Höhne. "IT in general Aviation: Pen and Paper vs. Bits and Bytes". hoehne.net. p. 39. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Karen Walker. "2012 safest year ever for IATA airlines". Air Transport World. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "IATA wants new airline tracking equipment". Malaysia Sun. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "IATA Reveals Checkpoint of the Future". EVA International Media LTD, Aviation Publishers & Events Specialists. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "IATA reveals checkpoint of the future". SecureIDNews. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Gouldman, Anna (25 April 2005). "Airlines to Scrap Paper Tickets by 2007: Industry Feedback". Breaking Travel News. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Greenwood, Gemma (27 August 2007). "IATA makes final paper ticket order". Arabian Travel News. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Boehmer, Jay (18 October 2012). "IATA Votes To Adopt New Distribution Standards". The Beat. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  19. ^ Vanasse, Zachary-Cy (1 May 2013). "New Distribution Capability Or New Industry Model?". Travel Hot News. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Orukpe, Abel. "IATA urges stakeholders to collaborate, give passengers value". Daily Independent. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  21. ^ Harvey, Fiona (4 June 2013). "Airlines agree to curb their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 

External links

  • Official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.