World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Human rights in Bulgaria

Article Id: WHEBN0003900141
Reproduction Date:

Title: Human rights in Bulgaria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Politics of Bulgaria, Human rights in Europe, Foreign relations of Bulgaria, Provinces of Bulgaria, Supreme Court of Cassation of Bulgaria
Collection: Human Rights in Bulgaria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Human rights in Bulgaria

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bulgaria

Bulgaria joined the European Union in 2007,[1] its compliance with human rights norms, however, is far from perfect. Although the media have a record of unbiased reporting,[2] Bulgaria’s lack of specific legislation protecting the media from state interference is a theoretical weakness. Conditions in Bulgaria’s twelve aging and overcrowded prisons generally are poor. A probate reform in mid-2005 was expected to relieve prison overcrowding.[2]

The police have been accused of abusing prisoners and using illegal investigative methods, and institutional incentives discourage full reporting and investigation of many crimes. The constitution guarantees freedom of religion, but local governments have attempted to enforce special registration requirements on some groups not designated as historically entitled to full protection. Besides the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, the faiths so designated are the Jewish, Muslim, and Roman Catholic. Court backlogs and weak court administration make constitutional protection of defendants’ rights problematic in some instances.[2]

Contents

  • Institutions for children and adults with mental disabilities 1
  • Macedonian minority 2
  • Romani 3
  • Human trafficking 4
  • Religious freedom 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes and references 7
  • External links 8

Institutions for children and adults with mental disabilities

The conditions in Bulgaria's network of institutions for children and adults with mental disabilities have raised concerns. The Mental Disability Advocacy Center has launched a collective complaint under the European Committee on Social Rights regarding the failure to provide education for children in social care homes run by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy; and a case is currently pending before the European Court of Human Rights concerning the alleged failure to investigate inhuman and degrading treatment in institutions for adults. The documentary "Bulgaria's Abandoned Children" (TrueVision, 2007) was broadcast on BBC Four in the UK in September 2007, and depicts the deprivation of food, health-care and education for children at the institution in Mogilino. The widespread institutionalization of children in Bulgaria is unlikely to be consistent with the best interests of the child, and almost certainly violates Article 23 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and Articles 11, 12 and 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) [3]

Macedonian minority

There exists a small number of individuals identifying as ethnic Macedonian in the Blagoevgrad province of Bulgaria. The 2001 census shows 5,071 while other sources cite between 3,000 and 25,000. The Greek Helsinki Monitor reports that the "Bulgarian state and public opinion alike deny their right to self-identification", and that "any actions pertaining to public demonstration of the Macedonian identity in Bulgaria are subjected to a more or less direct suppression and denial".[4] That considered, Macedonian is given as an option for nationality on the census. The Bulgarian majority (including the press) regards Macedonians living in Bulgaria as 'pure' Bulgarians.

Macedonians have been refused the right to register political parties (see Evroroma (Евророма) and MRF(ДПС) parties, who are widely considered as ethnic parties. The European Court of Human Rights held "unanimously, that there had been a violation of Article 11 (freedom of assembly and association) of the European Convention on Human Rights." [5][6]

Romani

Numerous cases have been cited regarding the ill-treatment of the Romani population by the Bulgarian police. There is widespread discrimination against the Romani in Bulgarian society, and as of 2006, the Bulgarian government has not implemented any laws legislating against the discrimination of Romani.[7] Bulgarian state security forces have been known to arbitrarily arrest and abuse street children of Romani ethnic origin.[8] The Romani are subjected to harassment in Bulgaria, including the hazing of Romani army conscripts and poor police responses to crimes committed against Romani. A high percentage of Romani children do not attend school, both due to poverty and a lack of teachers who speak their native language.

On the other hand, the mainly ethnic Roma, Free Bulgaria party has been allowed to run for elections and has achieved some success.[9]

Human trafficking

There has been a growing awareness of human trafficking as a human rights issue in Europe (see main article: trafficking in human beings). The end of communism has contributed to an increase in human trafficking, with the majority of victims being women forced into prostitution.[10][11] Bulgaria is a country of origin and country of transit for persons, primarily women and children, trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The Bulgarian government has shown some commitment to combat trafficking but has been criticized for failing to develop effective measures in law enforcement and victim protection.[12][13]

Religious freedom

The Constitution provides for freedom of religion; however, the law prohibits the public practice of religion by unregistered groups. The Constitution also designates Eastern Orthodox Christianity as the "traditional" religion. There were some reports[14][15] of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice. Discrimination, harassment, and general public intolerance, particularly in the media, of some religious groups remained an intermittent problem.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ HADJIYSKA, NEVYANA (January 1, 2007). "Bulgaria, Romania Join European Union".  
  2. ^ a b c Text used in this cited section originally came from: Bulgaria (June 2005) profile from the Library of Congress Country Studies project.
  3. ^ "Convention on the Rights of the Child". Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Minorities in southeast Europe: Macedonians in Bulgaria". 
  5. ^ "IWPR'S BALKAN CRISIS REPORT, No. 581". Archive.org
  6. ^ "UMD Dismayed at CoE Committee of Ministers Resolution to Override ECHR Judgement".  
  7. ^ Human Rights Developments in Bulgaria 2001
  8. ^ "Bulgaria. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices". February 23, 2001. Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Bulgaria: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices". 
  10. ^ "Slaves at the heart of Europe". Archive.org
  11. ^ "A modern slave's brutal odyssey".  
  12. ^ "Trafficking in Persons Report". June 3, 2005. 
  13. ^ "Bulgaria Factbook". Archive.org
  14. ^ "Bulgaria".  
  15. ^ "Pastor Charged with Criminal Child Abuse Over Home Education".  

External links

  • Censorship in Bulgaria - IFEX
  • Bulgaria's Abandoned ChildrenDocumentary -
  • Bulgarian Helsinki Committee
  • Warehouses of Neglect - a blog about human rights violations in Bulgaria's institutions for children and young adults with mental disabilities
  • Strasbourg Court Sanctions Bulgaria for Failure to Bring Perpetrators of Racist Killing to JusticeEuropean Roma Rights Center -
  • NGO Roma Together

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Library of Congress Country Studies.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.