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Hertford County, North Carolina

Hertford County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Hertford County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1759
Named for Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford
Seat Winton
Largest town Ahoskie
Area
 • Total 360 sq mi (932 km2)
 • Land 353 sq mi (914 km2)
 • Water 7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 2.0%
Population
 • (2010) 24,669
 • Density 70/sq mi (27/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .us.nc.hertford.cowww

Hertford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,669.[1] Its county seat is Winton.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Law and government 4
  • Economy 5
  • Education 6
  • Media 7
  • Communities 8
    • Towns 8.1
    • Census-designated place 8.2
    • Townships 8.3
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Hertford County is home of the Meherrin Indian Tribe, descendants of indigenous people who had inhabited the region for many centuries. After decades of encroachment by English colonists, the Tribe moved south from Virginia, where they settled in 1706 on a reservation abandoned by the Chowanoke. This six-square-mile reservation was at Parker's Ferry near the mouth of the Meherrin River. It was confirmed by a treaty of 1726.[3] However, they were not able to keep the reservation lands.

The Tribe today has approximately 900 enrolled members, most living within 10–15 miles of the former reservation.[3] The tribe is recognized by the state and is seeking Federal recognition. The Meherrin have an annual Pow Wow at the end of October.

The county was formed by settlers in 1759 from parts of Bertie County, Chowan County, and Northampton County. It was named for Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Earl of Hertford, later 1st Marquess of Hertford.[4]

In 1779 the northeastern part of Hertford County was combined with parts of Chowan County and Perquimans County to form Gates County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 360 square miles (930 km2), of which 353 square miles (910 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (2.0%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 24,669 people, 8,953 households, and 6,240 families residing in the county. The population density was 64 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 9,724 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 35.6% White, 60.5% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. 1.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,953 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 19.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,422, and the median income for a family was $32,002. Males had a median income of $26,730 versus $20,144 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,641. About 15.90% of families and 18.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

Hertford County is a member of the Mid-East Commission regional council of governments.

Economy

Several large employers are located in Hertford County, including a privately run federal prison, Chowan University, a Nucor steel mill, several Perdue poultry processing facilities, an aluminum extrusion facility in Winton, and a lumber-processing facility in Ahoskie. These industries, combined with a typical range of local retail, restaurant and service businesses, combine to give Hertford County one of the lowest unemployment rates in Northeastern North Carolina. The larger area has historically lagged behind the rest of the state in terms of economic development.

Education

Hertford County Public Schools has seven schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade. These include three high schools (the main high school being Hertford County High School), one middle school, and three elementary schools.[12]

Media

Hertford County is served by the Roanoke-Chowan News-Herald newspaper.

Communities

Map of Hertford County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns

Census-designated place

Townships

  • Ahoskie
  • Como
  • Harrellsville
  • Murfreesboro
  • St. John's
  • Winton

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b , University of North Carolina, Jul 2003, accessed 26 Oct 2009Economic Development Assessment for the Meherrin TribeBrenda Linton and Leslie S. Stewart,
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ "Hertford County Schools". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 

External links

  • Hertford County government official website
  • Town of Murfreesboro official website
  • Roanoke-Chowan News Herald, regional newspaper

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