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Herbert Backe

Herbert Backe
Reich Minister of Food
In office
1942–1945
Chancellor Adolf Hitler
Preceded by Richard Walther Darré
Succeeded by none
Personal details
Born Herbert Friedrich Wilhelm Backe
(1896-05-01)1 May 1896
Batumi, Russian Empire
Died 6 April 1947(1947-04-06) (aged 50)
Nuremberg, Allied-occupied Germany
Nationality German
Political party NSDAP
Spouse(s) Ursula Backe
Alma mater University of Göttingen
Profession Agronomist
Cabinet Hitler

Herbert Friedrich Wilhelm Backe (1 May 1896 – 6 April 1947) was a German Nazi politician and Obergruppenführer in the SS.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Hunger plan 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Biography

Backe was born in

  • Photo & Brief Bio

External links

  • Gesine Gerhard: Food and Genocide. Nazi Agrarian Politics in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. In: Contemporary European History Volume 18, Issue 1 (2009), P. 45–65. PDF (Abstract)
  • Timothy Snyder: Bloodlands. Europe between Hitler and Stalin. The Bodley Head, London 2010, ISBN 978-0-224-08141-2
  • Adam Tooze, The Wages of Destruction, Viking, 2007, ISBN 0-670-03826-1
  • Christian Zentner, Friedemann Bedürftig (1991). The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. Macmillan, New York. ISBN 0-02-897502-2

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Heim, Susanne (2008). Plant Breeding and Agrarian Research in Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institutes, 1933–1945: Calories, Caoutchouc, Careers. Springer. p. 19.  
  2. ^ Gesine Gerhard: Food and Genocide. Nazi Agrarian Politics in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. In: Contemporary European History Volume 18, Issue 1 (2009), p. 49
  3. ^ Heim 2008, p. 20
  4. ^ Adam Tooze: The Wages of Destruction, Viking, 2007, p.669
  5. ^ Timothy Snyder: Bloodlands. Europe between Hitler and Stalin. The Bodley Head, London 2010, p. 411; compare Gesine Gerhard: Food and Genocide. Nazi Agrarian Politics in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. In: Contemporary European History Volume 18, Issue 1 (2009), p. 57-62
  6. ^ Gesine Gerhard: Food and Genocide. Nazi Agrarian Politics in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. In: Contemporary European History Volume 18, Issue 1 (2009), p. 50-54
  7. ^ "Arrest German Reich Heads: To Face Trial", Lodi News-Sentinel, 24 May 1945, retrieved 2013-03-19 
  8. ^ Gesine Gerhard: Food and Genocide. Nazi Agrarian Politics in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. In: Contemporary European History Volume 18, Issue 1 (2009), p. 64
  9. ^ "Ex-Nazi Aide Hangs Himself .Food Chief Backe Was Awaiting Trail", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 7 April 1947, retrieved 2013-03-19 

Notes

Backe was held in American custody and was due to be tried for war crimes at Nuremberg in the Ministries Trial. However, he committed suicide by hanging himself in his prison cell on 6 April 1947.[8][9]

From April to May 1945, Backe continued as Minister of Food in the short-lived post-Hitler Flensburg Government led by Grossadmiral Karl Dönitz. On 23 May 1945 he was arrested by British forces along with other members of the Flensburg government, including Dönitz and Albert Speer.[7]

Backe was a prominent member of the younger generation of Nazi Reichspostministry (officially led by the conservative Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach), Backe was the de facto Minister of Agriculture under Richard Walther Darré, even before his promotion to that post.[6]

Backe was personally nominated by the Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories, Alfred Rosenberg, as the Secretary of State (Staatssekretär) of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine where he could implement his strategic policy, the Hunger Plan (Der Hungerplan also Der Backe-Plan). The objective of the Hunger Plan was to inflict deliberate mass starvation on the Slavic civilian populations under German occupation by directing all food supplies to the German home population and the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front.[4] According to the historian Timothy Snyder, as a result of Backe's plan, “4.2 million Soviet citizens (largely Russians, Belarusians, and Ukrainians) were starved by the German occupiers in 1941–1944.”[5]

Hunger plan

He undertook various duties in the administration of Nazi Germany, succeeding Richard Walther Darré as Minister of Food in May 1942 and becoming Minister of Agriculture in April 1944.

Backe was an SA member from 1922. He joined the Nazi Party in February 1925.[2] Finally, he joined the SS in October 1933.[3]

[1] his dissertation with a print of 10 000 copies.self-published Later, after Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Backe [1]), to the University of Göttingen, but it was not accepted.Die russische Getreidewirtschaft als Grundlage der Land- und Volkswirtschaft Russlands: German (The Russian Cereals Economy as the Basis of Russian Agriculture and the Russian Economy In 1926, he submitted his doctoral dissertation, titled [1].Hanover Technical University After completing his degree he briefly worked in agriculture and then became an assistant lecturer on agricultural geography at [1] in 1920.University of Göttingen at the agronomy. In Germany, he initially worked as a labourer, and enrolled to study Swedish Red Cross with the help of the Russian Civil War He moved to Germany during the [1].anti-communist This experience of being imprisoned for being German and witnessing the beginning of the Soviet revolution made Backe an [1] He studied at the Tbilisi Gymnasium (grammar school) from 1905 and was interned on the outbreak of World War I as an enemy alien because he was a citizen of Prussia.[1] to Russia in the early 19th century.Württemberg, whose family had emigrated from Caucasus German His mother was a [1]

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