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Gilbert, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona
Town
Gilbert’s Heritage Court as viewed from Gilbert Road.
Gilbert’s Heritage Court as viewed from Gilbert Road.
Official seal of Gilbert, Arizona
Seal
Motto: "a service organization"
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
 • Mayor John Lewis (R)
Area
 • Town 76.0 sq mi (121.62 km2)
 • Land 75.76 sq mi (120.98 km2)
 • Water 0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation 1,237 ft (377 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Town 208,453
 • Estimate (2013[2]) 229,972
 • Rank US: 92nd
 • Density 2,862.12/sq mi (1,788.82/km2)
 • Metro 4,398,762 (US: 12th)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 85233, 85234, 85295-85298
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-27400
Website http://www.gilbertaz.gov/

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World",[3] Gilbert is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States. Gilbert encompasses 76 square miles (197 km2) and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Phoenix metropolitan area. In the last three decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of the 2010 census.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • Religion 3.1
  • Economy 4
    • Largest employers 4.1
  • Arts and culture 5
    • Historic properties 5.1
    • Music and dance 5.2
  • Government 6
    • Crime 6.1
  • Education 7
  • Infrastructure 8
    • Transportation 8.1
  • Notable people 9
  • Sister cities 10
  • Gallery of historic homes 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

History

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first post office in 1912. The location of the town post office moved several times before settling on the east side of Gilbert Road in downtown, where it still stands today. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the

Notable people

Recently, a park-and-ride facility was constructed in downtown Gilbert for bus service and future commuter rail service. Although the facility borders the Union Pacific (formerly Southern Pacific) tracks and has provisions for commuter rail service, there is currently no such service. However, buses operate to downtown Phoenix, and future commuter rail service to Gilbert will require little modification since most of the facilities are already built. Most people get around by cars or bikes.

Gilbert is served by two area freeways—the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202 and US-60. Several regional arterials also serve the area, including Williams Field Road, Chandler Boulevard, and Gilbert Road. The town enjoys relative closeness to Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport, which is located in east Mesa, and is a twenty-five minute drive from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

Transportation

Infrastructure

Most of Gilbert is zoned to schools in the Gilbert Public Schools, while other portions are zoned to districts including the Chandler Unified School District, Mesa Public Schools, and the Higley Unified School District. Also in Gilbert are charter schools such as Edu-Prize (the first charter school in Arizona). The town is also home to Gilbert Christian Schools, a chain of private schools.

Education

Gilbert is rated as a town of relatively low crime. According to FBI records, Gilbert was the largest town in the United States with zero murders in 2005.

Gilbert
Crime rates (2012)
Crime type Rate*
Homicide: 5
Robbery: 59
Aggravated assault: 122
Total Violent crime: 205
Burglary: 726
Larceny-theft: 2,496
Motor vehicle theft: 164
Arson: 25
Total Property crime: 3,386
Notes
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
2012 population: 214,264
Source: 2012 FBI UCR Data

Crime

The town is part of the fifth congressional district of Arizona, which is represented by Republican Matt Salmon.[18] The mayor of Gilbert is John Lewis.

Gilbert was recognized in 2010 as the "36th Best Place to Live in the nation",[16] as well as among the nation's "top places to live and learn"[16] by GreatSchools.org. Washington, DC-based CQ Press rated Gilbert the "safest municipality in Arizona, and 25th safest in the nation." [17]

Government

These performers have been associated with Gilbert:

Music and dance

There are various properties in the town of Gilbert which are considered historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[15] or listed as such in the Gilbert Historic District. In the gallery at the end of the article are images of some of these properties with a short description of the same.

Historic properties

Arts and culture

# Employer # of Employees
1 Gilbert Public Schools 3,642
2 Banner Health 2,268
3 Mercy Gilbert Medical Center 1,233
4 Town of Gilbert 1,191
5 Fry's Food and Drug 966
6 Go Daddy 950
7 Walmart 791
8 Chandler Unified School District 518
9 B H Drywall 500
10 Dillard's Retail and Distribution 490

According to the Town's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city are:

Largest employers

Economy

Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert, including 17.26% claiming to be Roman Catholic, 11.12% Protestant and 12.6% Mormon. The town has been known for its high Mormon population, a fact evidenced by the LDS church's recent announcement of plans to construct a temple in Gilbert.[12][13]

Religion

  • 2.28% of Families are Below the Poverty Level
  • $109,213 Average Household Income
  • $89,077 Median Household Income
  • $35,559 Per Capita Income

2009 Estimated Households by Household Income:[11]

  • 92.33% High School/GED or Higher
  • 37.5% Bachelor's Degree or Higher
  • 10.46% Master's Degree or Higher

2009 Estimated Population Age 25+ Educational Attainment:[11]

  • 20.87% Never Married
  • 66.71% Married, Spouse Present
  • 2.23% Married, Spouse absent
  • 2.11% Widowed
  • 8.07% Divorced

2009 Estimated Population Age 15+ by Marital Status:[11]

  • 70.01% Population Over 16
  • 66.76% Population Over 18
  • 62.86% Population Over 21
  • 5.30% Population Over 65
  • 37.14% Population Under 21
  • 33.25% Population Under 18
  • 50.22% Male
    • 30.03 Est. Average Age
  • 49.78% Female
    • 31.82 Est. Average Age
  • 31.37 Average Age Male/Female

2009 Estimated Population Data by Gender/Age:[11]

2009 According to Nielsens Claritas Demographics,[11] in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

  • Fastest growing municipality in the United States from 1990-2003. U.S. Census Bureau
  • Currently the 4th fastest growing municipality in the United States. U.S. Census Bureau - 2009
  • Ranked by CNN's Money magazine in 2008 as one of the best places to live in the United States.[9]
  • One of the top 25 safest cities in the United States.[10]
  • 34.5% of Gilbert residents hold a bachelor’s degree or higher.[11]
  • Highest household median income in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area with Population 50,000+ U.S. Census Bureau 2005

As of the census of 2000, there were 208,453 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

As of July 1, 2009, Maricopa Association of Governments,[8]

Photo at SanTan Village looking north towards the Macy's department store on Paseo Drive in Gilbert, Arizona
A view of the southwest corner of Gilbert Road and Page Avenue in Gilbert Arizona. In the background is the Liberty Market and the iconic Gilbert water tower.
A waterfront in the Val Vista Lakes Community in Gilbert
Town Hall building at the Civic Center

Demographics

Climate data for Gilbert, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
95
(35)
100
(38)
106
(41)
118
(48)
119
(48)
122
(50)
115
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
86
(30)
122
(50)
Average high °F (°C) 67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
95
(35)
105
(41)
107
(42)
105
(41)
100
(38)
90
(32)
75
(24)
67
(19)
87
(30.6)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
76
(24)
70
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
40
(4)
57.4
(13.9)
Record low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
15
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(25.7)
1.03
(26.2)
1.19
(30.2)
0.33
(8.4)
0.13
(3.3)
0.04
(1)
0.89
(22.6)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(22.6)
0.81
(20.6)
0.77
(19.6)
0.98
(24.9)
9.21
(234.1)
Source: The Weather Channel [6]

Climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of 40 square miles (104 km2). As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of 76.0 square miles (197 km2), of which, 75.76 square miles (196.2 km2) of it is land and 0.24 square miles (0.6 km2) of it is water.

Geography

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World"[5] from 1911 until the late 1920s.

[4]

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