World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fairchild Super 71

Article Id: WHEBN0016185022
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fairchild Super 71  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bush plane, List of aircraft of World War II, Western Canada Aviation Museum, Fairchild Aircraft Ltd.
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fairchild Super 71

Fairchild Super 71
Restored Fairchild Super 71
Role Cargo transport
Manufacturer Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada)
First flight 31 October 1934
Number built 4
Variants Fairchild 71

The Fairchild 71 was a Canadian parasol-mounted high-wing monoplane cargo aircraft built by Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada). The Super 71 was an entirely new design that was the first "purpose-built" civilian bush plane for use in remote and northern locales in Canada.[1]

Design and development

In 1933, the Fairchild Aircraft Company undertook a study of new designs based on their Model 71. A decision to mount a parasol wing above the fuselage coupled with a rear cockpit position, clearly distinguished this model from the rest of the Fairchild 71 series, although the company designation maintained the family lineage. [1]The choice of the unusual cockpit was predicated on the need to have a large front cargo compartment as well as considering the load distribution in normal operation. In use, pilots found that forward vision was compromised to such an extent that few operators favoured the installation and when the Royal Canadian Air Force ordered the type, the specifications included a new cockpit position directly behind the engine.[2]

The design featured a first-of-its-kind (for Canada) duralumin monocoque fuselage with a streamlined oval shape and strut-braced metal wing and tail surfaces. Wind-tunnel testing not only was used to model the fuselage shape but influenced the placement of the tailplane which was altered from its original T-tail position to a high-mounted tailplane intended to keep the tailplane out of the water spray on takeoff.[1] Engine choices varied with as many as six different powerplants being offered: the 493 hp Armstrong Siddeley Jagaur, 520 hp Pratt & Whitney T1D1 Wasp, 525 hp Pratt & Whitney S1D1 Wasp, 560 hp Pratt & Whitney SD-1 Hornet, 585 hp Wright SR-1820-F-41 Cyclone and 610 hp Wright SR-1820-F-42 Cyclone. [3]


Operational history

Equipped with floats and powered by the 525 hp S1D1 Wasp, the Super 71 prototype, CF-AUJ, flew for the first time on 31 October 1934. After the aircraft completed airworthiness tests. it was loaned to Canadian Airways which conducted operational trials in both Quebec and Ontario before the aircraft was written off after running into a submerged log and sinking off Sioux Lookout, Ontario on 3 October 1940. Although the airframe was salvaged, Fairchild did not replace the aircraft with a completed Super 71 still at the factory, as the company was involved in a complete redesign based on the Super 71P (for photographic) variant that had been developed for the RCAF. A new wing mount and the change to a front cockpit were the two visible changes but the variant also had provision for multiple cameras and additional radio equipment. Two examples were built and placed in service in 1936.[4]

The 71P had a chequered history as the type performed poorly in its aerial survey role with No. 666 crashing on 6 August 1937. The list of problems included structural problems with the floats, engine overheating (the prototype had the bottom half of the cowling removed to aid air circulation), adverse handling on the water and on the ground, and problems with the brakes.

The remaining aircraft, No. 665, was assigned to RCAF Station Trenton as an air ambulance but was not used extensively in this role.[2]

The only surviving airframe is the prototype presently on display at the Western Canada Aviation Museum in Winnipeg, Manitoba.[5]

Variants

Fairchild Super 71
Prototype (second airframe completed but not flown)
Fairchild Super 71P
Production series with new cockpit location on the fuselage and new wing mounting (2 built)

Operators

 Canada

Specifications (Super 71)

Data from Canadian Aircraft Since 1909[5]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 35 ft 6 in (10.82 m)
  • Wingspan: 58 ft 0 in (17.67 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 6 in (3.2 m)
  • Wing area: 392 ft2 (34.56 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3,817 lb (1,733 kg)
  • Gross weight: 7,000 lb (3,178 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney Wasp T1D1 9-cylinder radial piston, 525 hp (388 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 139 mph (223.6 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 125 mph (201.1 km/h)
  • Range: 817 miles (1,314 km)
  • Rate of climb: 800 ft/min (4.08 m/s)

See also

Related lists

References

Notes

Bibliography

  • Bourgeois-Doyle, Richard I. Her Daughter the Engineer: The Life of Elsie Gregory MacGill. Ottawa: NRC Research Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-660-19813-2.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Milberry, Larry. Aviation In Canada. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-07-082778-8.
  • Molson, Ken M. and Harold A. Taylor. Canadian Aircraft Since 1909. Stittsville, Ontario: Canada's Wings, Inc., 1982. ISBN 0-920002-11-0.

External links

  • RCAF.com: The Aircraft: Fairchild Super 71
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.