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Donington Hall

Donington Hall is a house and residential 1,100-acre (4.5 km2) estate in Castle Donington, North West Leicestershire, located close to the city of Derby. The Hall served as the headquarters for the airline British Midland International until it was merged into British Airways on 28 October 2012.[1]

History

The house was built from c 1790[2] for Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 2nd Earl of Moira, (created Marquess of Hastings in 1816) in a fanciful Gothick manner by the plasterer and draughtsman William Wilkins.[3] From 1902 Donington was the property of the Gillies Shields family. The hall was requisitioned at the start of World War I by the British government and turned into a prisoner of war camp. While interned at Donington Hall in 1915, the German naval pilot Gunther Plüschow made the only successful escape from Britain in either World War.[4]

In 1931, the then owner of the estate, Alderman John Gillies Shields, J.P., agreed to allow Fred Craner use of the extensive roads on the land for motor racing, thus creating the Donington Park circuit.[5] The circuit at Donington Park was closed in 1939 due to World War II, when it was requisitioned by the Ministry of Defence and was converted into a military vehicle depot and storage area.[6]

With the whole estate needing extensive renovations after the war, the family rented the estate out as farm land. They retained the Hall, which after the Soviet Army ensured a Communist regime in Hungary, became a refugee camp for those who came to the East Midlands. A letter to the Daily Telegraph from the Gillies Shields and Joyce Pearce thanked all those who were providing clothing, books and toys for the children, promising that once the immediate crisis was over, it was their intention to turn Donington Hall into “a home and school for children of all nationalities who now live without hope in the displaced persons camps in Germany, their parents were our allies, their sufferings caused through loyalty to our cause.”[7]

In 1971, Tom Wheatcroft bought part of the estate, including the famous pre-war racing circuit, from the Shields family for £100,000.[8]

In 1976, British Midland Airways purchased the hall from the Shields family, then renovated and converted it into their headquarters.[9] British Midland Airways moved to Donington Hall in 1982.[10] The airline was subsequently rebranded as British Midland International (BMI), and in 2007 employed 800 workers at Donington Hall.[11]

In 2012 International Airlines Group announced it may lay off up to 1,200 BMI employees, with proposed layoffs mainly from the BMI head office at Donington Hall.[12] Then in March 2013 the Norton Motorcycle Company bought Donington Hall from International Airlines Group.[13]

See also

England portal
Architecture portal

References

Coordinates: 52°50′15″N 1°22′38″W / 52.8376°N 1.3771°W / 52.8376; -1.3771

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