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Dimitris Glinos

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Dimitris Glinos

Dimitris Glinos
Born September 2, 1882
Smyrna
Died December 26, 1943
Nationality Greek
Religion Greek Orthodox
Spouse(s) Anna Dim. Chroni
Parents Alexandros Glinos

Dimitris Glinos (Greek: Δημήτρης Γληνός, September 2, 1882 – December 26, 1943) was a Greek philosopher, educator and politician.

Life

Glinos was born in Smyrna, the eldest of twelve children of Alexandros Glinos. After graduating from the Smyrna Evangelical School, he went to Athens in 1899 and enrolled in the Philosophy Department of the University of Athens. He graduated in 1905 and proceeded to study philosophy, pedagogy, and experimental psychology in Germany at the University of Jena (under Rudolf Eucken from 1908 to 1909), and at the University of Leipzig (under Wilhelm Wundt from 1909 to 1911).

He married Anna Chroni in September 1908.

Upon his return to Greece, he submitted a proposal for an educational reform to the government in 1913. He proposed introduction of, and changes to:

  • The language of instruction (using colloquial Demotic Greek instead of the old-fashioned katharevousa for classes)
  • The structure of the school system (extend primary school from 4 to 6 years)
  • Educational content (less formalism, greater emphasis on science)
  • Educational methods (updating of courses and materials)
  • Teacher training
  • The education of girls

Glinos eventually became Secretary-General of the Ministry of Education in 1917 under prime minister Eleftherios Venizelos, and began to introduce the proposed reforms. His efforts were stopped and his reforms undone when Venizelos lost power in 1920, and Glinos began publishing under the pseudonym "A. Gabriel, teacher". He re-introduced the reforms after he was reinstated when Venizelos regained power in 1922, but dampened again when Theodore Pangalos took power in 1925.

In 1930 he began his active involvement in politics, being elected as an MP with the Communist Party of Greece in the 1936 elections. After the establishment of the Metaxas Regime, along with many other Communists and other political dissidents, he was sent to internal exile on the island of Agios Efstratios. During the Axis Occupation of Greece, Glinos became actively involved in the founding of the Communist-led National Liberation Front (EAM), and wrote its political manifesto, What is the National Liberation Front, and what does it want (Τί είναι και τί θέλει το ΕΑΜ) in September 1942.

Works

War Trilogy

  • The Golden Fleece: the War to Come
  • After Chaos: Society and Social Structure
  • Peace on Earth (unfinished)

External links

  • Biography by UNESCO
  • Europäische Bildungslandschaften in Portraits (Greek/German)
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