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Das Reich (newspaper)

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Das Reich (newspaper)

Das Reich (German: The Reich[1]) was a weekly newspaper founded by Joseph Goebbels, the propaganda minister of Nazi Germany, in May 1940.[2] It was published by Deutscher Verlag.

German soldier reading "Das Reich", Russian Front, 1941

History

‘’Das Reich’’ was mainly the creation of Rudolf Sparing, Rolf Rienhardt and Max Amann.[3]

Aside from a weekly editorial, Goebbels was not involved in the publication.[4] Most, but not all, of his articles after 1940 appeared in it.[5]

When Allied forces landed in Italy, and Mussolini was briefly deposed, Goebbels decided not to write an editorial.[6]

Contents

The paper contained news reports, essays on various subjects, book reviews, and an editorial written by Goebbels.[7] Some of the content was written by foreign authors.[8] With the exception of Goebbels’ editorial, Das Reich did not share the tone of other Nazi publications.[9]

Among other topics, it covered the uncertain casualty lists from Stalingrad,[10] distinguished between German and Allied invasions to suggest the latter would be unsuccessful,[11] discussed the bombing raids[12] and the V-1[13] deplored American culture,[14] portrays American morale as poor (though not suggesting they would give up because of it),[15] and finally declared that Berlin would fight to the end.[16]

Goebbels's editorials covered a wide range of topics. His first bragged of the accomplishments of Nazi Germany, which was then conquering France.[17] He spoke with continuing confidence as France fell, of the opportunities the "plutocracies" had missed for peace.[18] Later he issued vitrolic anti-Semitic articles,[19][20][21][22] argued against listening to enemy propaganda.[23] encouraged them for total war[24] declared England bound to lose the war,[25] attacked the still neutral United States,[26] discussed the significance of its entry into the war,[27] talked about prospects for a new year,[28] presented German radio as a good companion (when, in fact, he hoped to lure them from enemy propaganda broadcasts),[29] professed to be delighted that Churchill was in command in Britain,[30] discussed cuts in food rations and severe treatment for black market dealings,[31] urged that complaints not get in the way of the war effort,[32] accused Douglas MacArthur of cowardice (ineffectually, as the Germans knew he had been ordered to leave),[33] talked of the Allied bombing,[34] describes the sinking of Allied ships by German U-Boats,[35] explained Soviet resistance as product of a stubborn but bestial soul,[36] decried the United States as having no culture,[37] urged that Germans not allow their sense of justice be exploited by their enemies,[38] urged commitment to war,[39] and claimed that the Allies were as weary as the Axis.[40]

His final article called for last-ditch resistance.[41]

Circulation

The circulation reached 1.4 million.

References

  1. ^ Michael & Doerr, (2002) Nazi-Deutsch / Nazi-German: An English Lexicon of the Language of the Third Reich.
  2. ^ Welch, The Third Reich, p. 126.
  3. ^ Hale, The Captive Press, p. 278.
  4. ^ Hale, The Captive Press, p. 278.
  5. ^ "The Veil Falls"
  6. ^ "A Classic Example"
  7. ^ Shapiro, Why Didn't the Press Shout?, p. 312.
  8. ^ Shapiro, Why Didn't the Press Shout?, p. 313.
  9. ^ Hale, The Captive Press, p. 278.
  10. ^ "On the Missing at Stalingrad"
  11. ^ "The Invasion"
  12. ^ "Unexpected Consequences"
  13. ^ "First Results of the V-1"
  14. ^ "The Kitschified Mass Soul"
  15. ^ "Reality is Different:Disillusioned USA Soldiers"
  16. ^ "Berlin: A Huge Hedgehog"
  17. ^ "A Unique Age"
  18. ^ "Missed Opportunities"
  19. ^ "Mimicry"
  20. ^ "The Jews are Guilty!"
  21. ^ "The War and the Jews"
  22. ^ "The Creators of the World's Misfortunes"
  23. ^ "The Matter of the Plague"
  24. ^ "When or How?"
  25. ^ "The Clay Giant"
  26. ^ "Mr. Roosevelt Cross-Examined"
  27. ^ "A Different World"
  28. ^ "The New Year"
  29. ^ "The Good Companion"
  30. ^ "Churchill's Trick"
  31. ^ "An Open Discussion"
  32. ^ "The Paper War"
  33. ^ "Heroes and Film Heroes"
  34. ^ "The Air War and the War of Nerves"
  35. ^ "The Tonnage War"
  36. ^ "The So-Called Russian Soul"
  37. ^ "God's Country"
  38. ^ "Don't Be Too Fair!"
  39. ^ "30 Articles of War for the German People"
  40. ^ "The World Crisis"
  41. ^ "Resistance at Any Price"
  • Randall Bytwerk.
  • Robert Michael and Karin Doerr.
  • Hale, Oron J., The Captive Press in the Third Reich (Princeton, 1964)
  • Welch, David, The Third Reich: Politics and Propaganda (London, 1993)

External links

  • Cartoons from Das Reich: 1940-1941
  • Cartoons from Das Reich: 1944-1945
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