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Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness

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Title: Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness  
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Subject: List of U.S. Wilderness Areas, National Landscape Conservation System, Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009
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Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness

The Chuckwalla Mountains are a mountain range in the transition zone between the Colorado DesertSonoran Desert and the Mojave Desert, climatically and vegetationally, in Riverside County of southern California.

Geography

The range spans approximately 40 miles (64 km), running in a generally northwest-to-southeast direction. It is bordered to the north by Interstate 10 and the town of Desert Center, and to the south by the Bradshaw Trail and the Chocolate Mountains Aerial Gunnery Range. The highest point is Black Butte, elevation 4,504 feet (1,373 m). The Chuckwalla Range is divided from the Little Chuckwalla Range by Graham Pass. The Orocopia Mountains are to the west, and Joshua Tree National Park to the northwest.

Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness Area

Most of the mountains were designated by the Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness Area in 1994. Motorized travel is allowed only on “cherry-stemmed” established roads.

The Chuckwalla Mountains, near the San Andreas Fault, rise like an island from a vast sea of sand and rock, within the walls of this "rock fortress" are a variety of landforms, textures, and colors. They include steep-walled canyons, inland valleys, large and small washes, isolated rock outcrops and panoramic expanses of desert.

Flora and fauna

The Chuckwalla Mountains are in the Colorado Desert section of the Sonoran Desert, adjacent to the Lower Colorado River Valley region. Plants include Ocotillo, cholla, yucca, creosote, and barrel and foxtail cactus.

On the southern flank of the range lies the Chuckwalla Bench bajada region, an Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) as it is frequented by the threatened desert tortoise. Also common in the area is the rosy boa, kangaroo rat and, of course, the large lizard after which the mountains are named - the Chuckwalla. Other wildlife includes Bighorn sheep, burro deer, raptors, snakes, coyotes and fox.[1]

It was in the Chuckwalla Mountains that naturalist Edmund C. Jaeger discovered the hibernating Common Poorwill.[2] (After his death in 1983, Jaeger's cremated remains were scattered in the same canyon.) The location is now preserved as the Edmund C. Jaeger Nature Sanctuary.[3][4]

History

The Chuckwalla Mountains have had many visitors over the millennia, as they are situated near heavily-traveled east-west routes and feature several sources of water, the most prominent being Corn Springs. Several successful mines have been dug, including the Red Cloud, Aztec, and Granite.

See also

References

External links

  • Official Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness Area website
  • Chuckwalla Mountains photographs
  • Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness Map
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