World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Christmas in Hawaii

Article Id: WHEBN0034057703
Reproduction Date:

Title: Christmas in Hawaii  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Christmas, Outline of Hawaii, Christmas in Hawaii, Christmas in August (Yellowstone), Santa's Candy Castle
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Christmas in Hawaii

Hawaiian Christmas tree postcard

Christmas in Hawaii is a major annual celebration, as in most of the Western world.

History

The festival was introduced to Hawaii with the arrival of Protestant missionaries, and is believed to have started after 1820.[1][2] Most of the traditions they currently celebrate has come from the missionaries.[3][4] Before the Hawaiians celebrated the Christmas people know today, they had a festival named Makahiki which lasted around four months and in which all wars were forbidden. The season still had the essence of "peace and goodwill to all men", which is another thing people tend to associate with Christmas.[1]

The first recorded Christmas in Hawaii was in 1786, when the Kauai. Dixon and his crew celebrated a large Christmas dinner which included a whole roast pig.[1]

Celebrations today

The annual Honolulu City Lights ceremony features a 50-foot Norfolk pine Christmas tree decorated with bright lights and elaborate decorations. There is also live entertainment.[1]

The traditions on Christmas day are similar to other places; a large meal is eaten and then, as the beach is often nearby in Hawaii, surfing or swimming often takes place in the waters,[5] and musical groups with guitars and ukuleles and dancing hula entertain the crowds on the beach. Santa hats are worn and the traditional Santa's sleigh and reindeer are replaced by an outrigger canoe pulled by dolphins.[5] The different cultures and ethnic groups that have settled in the islands celebrate the Christmas traditions of Hawaii in their own unique ways, which may be religious or plainly secular. Even Santa Claus (Hawaiian: Kanakaloka) himself is not wearing his corporate red and white suit, but has swapped it for flowery Hawaiian clothes.[5]

Christmas wreaths are made from the poinsettia plant.[3]

Mele Kalikimaka

Mele Kalikimaka

The phrase "Mele Kalikimaka" can be translated from Hawaiian to mean "Merry Christmas".[6] It is also a Hawaiian themed Christmas song composed by Robert Alex Anderson in 1949. The phrase is borrowed directly from English, but, since Hawaiian has a different phonological system (in particular, Hawaiian does not possess the /r/ or /s/ of English, nor does it have the phonotactic constraints to allow consonants at the end of a syllable), "Merry Christmas" becomes "Mele Kalikimaka".[7]

There is also a more modern take on this song, called Melekalikimaka by rock band The Beach Boys from the compilation album Ultimate Christmas.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Hawaii Christmas – Christmas with Aloha, Mele Kalikimaka!". Aloha Hawaii. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  2. ^ "Hawaiian Christmas and New Year's Phrases and Words – Celebrating Christmas in Hawaii". Gohawaii.about.com. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  3. ^ a b "Christmas Traditions in Hawaii". Merry-christmas.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  4. ^ "Christmas Tradition in Hawaii". Christmascarnivals.com. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  5. ^ a b c "Christmas Traditions of Hawaii". Allthingschristmas.com. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  6. ^ Elbert, S. & Pukui, M.; Hawaiian Dictionary, page 481
  7. ^ Golston, Chris; Yang, Phong (2001). "White Hmong loanword phonology". In Féry, A.D. Green; van de Vijver, R. Proceedings of HILP 5. University of Potsdam: Potsdam. pp. 40–57. 
  8. ^ "Beach Boys – Hip Christmas Music". www.hipchristmas.com. Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.