World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Beagle-class destroyer

Article Id: WHEBN0000954198
Reproduction Date:

Title: Beagle-class destroyer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Acorn-class destroyer, List of ship launches in 1910, G-class destroyer, HMS Nautilus, Acorn class destroyer
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Beagle-class destroyer

HMS Scourge at Mudros, May 1916
Class overview
Name: Beagle-class (or G-class)
Builders:
Operators:  Royal Navy
Preceded by: Tribal class
Succeeded by: Acorn class
Built: 1909 – 1910
In commission: 1910 – 1921
Completed: 16
Lost: 3
Scrapped: 13
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 860–940 long tons (874–955 t)
Length: 275 ft (83.8 m)
Beam: 27 ft 6 in (8.38 m)
Draught: 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
Installed power: 12,500 hp (9,300 kW)
Propulsion: Coal-fired boilers, 2 or 3 shaft steam turbines
Speed: 27 knots (50.0 km/h; 31.1 mph)
Complement: 96
Armament:

The Beagle class (officially redesignated as the G class in 1913) was a ship class of sixteen destroyers of the Royal Navy, all ordered under the 1908-1909 programme and launched in 1909 and 1910. The Beagles served during World War I, particularly during the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915.

Contents

  • Design 1
  • Service 2
  • Ships 3
  • References 4
  • See also 5

Design

For the 1908–1909 shipbuilding programme, the British Admiralty decided to revert to a smaller, more affordable destroyer to follow-on from the large and fast Tribal-class (required to reach 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)) and the experimental 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) HMS Swift. The destroyers needed sufficient range to operate across the North Sea in the event of a confrontation with Germany, which rendered the Cricket-class coastal destroyers which had been built as a low-cost supplement to the expensive Tribals outdated, requiring larger numbers of a cheaper standard destroyer.[1][2] While the Tribals were oil fuelled, it was decided to return to the use of coal for the new destroyers, because of concerns over the availability of oil stocks in the event of a war and to reduce costs. They were the last British destroyers to be so fueled.[2][3][4]

The Beagles were not built to a standard design, with detailed design being left to the builders of individual ships in accordance with a loose specification.[5] They were between 263 feet 11 14 inches (80.45 m) and 275 feet (83.82 m) long between perpendiculars, with a beam of between 26 feet 10 inches (8.18 m) and 28 feet 1 inch (8.56 m), with an average draught of 8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m).[6] It was expected that the ships would displace 850 long tons (860 t) but the builder's designs came out heavier,[3] at about 945 long tons (960 t) normal and 1,100 long tons (1,120 t) full load.[6] Five Yarrow or White-Forster boilers fed direct-drive steam turbines driving three propeller shafts. The machinery was rated at 14,300 shaft horsepower (10,700 kW) to give a speed of 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph).[6][7] Three funnels were fitted.[8]

The Beagle-class was designed to carry a gun armament of five 12-pounder (76 mm) guns, with two mounted side by side on a raised platform on the ship's forecastle, two on the ship's beams, with the port gun mounted ahead of the starboard gun and one aft. While the ships were building, however, it was decided to replace the two forecastle guns by a single 4-inch (102 mm) gun,[1] giving a gun armament of one BL 4 inch naval gun Mk VIII and three QF 12-pounder 12 cwt guns)[2] Torpedo armament consisted of two 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, with one between the ship's funnels and the aft gun, and one right aft at the stern of the ship. These torpedoes had a range of 1,000 yards (910 m) at 50 knots (93 km/h; 58 mph) or 12,000 yards (11,000 m) at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). Two spare torpedoes were carried.[10][11]

Wartime modifications included replacement of the aft torpedo tube by a 3-pounder (47 mm) anti-aircraft gun in some ships,[6] while depth charges were also fitted.[8]

Service

As the Beagles completed in 1910, they joined the 1st Destroyer Flotilla of the Royal Navy's Home Fleet.[2] but in 1913 they were sent to the Mediterranean,[12] where they formed the 5th Flotilla, remaining there on the outbreak of the First World War.[2] They were officially redesignated the G-class in October 1913 as part of a general re-designation of the Royal Navy's destroyers.[13] The Beagle-class spent most of the war in the Mediterranean, with several taking part in the Dardanelles Campaign. Late in 1917, the ships of the class were recalled to British waters, where three ships were lost to accidents, two by running aground and one to collision.[2]

Being coal-fired, they were obsolete by the end of the First World War and the surviving ships were all scrapped by the end of 1921.

Ships

  • Beagle — built by John Brown and Company, Clydebank, laid down 17 March 1909, launched 16 October 1909 and completed June 1910.[14] Sold for breaking up 1 November 1921.[15]
  • Bulldog — built by John Brown and Company, Clydebank, laid down 30 March 1909, launched 13 November 1909, and completed 7 July 1910.[14] Sold for breaking up 21 September 1920.[15]
  • Foxhound — built by John Brown and Company, Clydebank, laid down 1 April 1909, launched 11 December 1909 and completed September 1910.[14] Sold for breaking up 1 November 1921.[15]
  • Harpy — built by J. Samuel White & Company, Cowes, laid down 23 April 1909, launched 27 November 1909 and completed July 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 1 November 1921.[15]
  • Basilisk — built by J. Samuel White & Company, Cowes, laid down 11 May 1909, launched 9 February 1910 and completed September 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 1 November 1921.[15]
  • Grasshopper — built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Company, Govan, laid down 17 April 1909, launched 23 November 1909 and completed July 1910.[14] Sold for breaking up 1 November 1921.[15]
  • Mosquito — built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Company, Govan, laid down 22 April 1909, launched 27 January 1910 and completed August 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 31 August 1920.[15]
  • Scorpion — built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Company, Govan, laid down 3 May 1909, launched 19 February 1910 and completed September 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 26 October 1921.[17]
  • Nautilus — built by Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company, Bow Creek, laid down 14 April 1909, launched 30 March 1910 and completed September 1911.[16] The ship was renamed Grampus on 16 December 1913,[3] freeing up the original name for a submarine. Sold for breaking up 21 September 1920.[20]
  • Pincher — built by William Denny & Brothers, Dumbarton, laid down 20 May 1909, launched 15 March 1910 and completed September 1910.[14] Wrecked on Seven Stones reef, Land's End 24 July 1918.[15]
  • Renard — built by Cammell Laird & Company, Birkenhead, laid down 20 April 1909, launched 13 November 1909 and completed September 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 31 August 1920.[15]
  • Wolverine — built by Cammell Laird & Company, Birkenhead, laid down 26 April 1909, launched 15 January 1910 and completed September 1910.[16] Sunk in collision with the sloop Rosemary in Lough Foyle 12 December 1917.[17][21]
  • Racoon — built by Cammell Laird & Company, Birkenhead, laid down 1 May 1909, launched 15 February 1910 and completed October 1910.[16] Wrecked on Irish coast 9 January 1918 during blizzard.[15][22]
  • Rattlesnake — built by Harland & Wolff, Glasgow, laid down 29 April 1909, launched 14 March 1910 and completed September 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 9 May 1921.[15]
  • Savage — built by John I. Thornycroft & Company, Woolston, laid down 2 March 1909, launched 10 March 1910 and completed August 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 9 May 1921.[17]
  • Scourge — built by R. W. Hawthorn Leslie & Company, Hebburn, laid down 9 March 1909, launched 11 February 1910 and completed August 1910.[16] Sold for breaking up 9 May 1921.[17]

References

  1. ^ This was as a result of tests 1906 against the destroyer Skate, which had shown that 12-pounder shells often exploded before they hit the target's engine room.[9]
  2. ^ "Cwt" is the abbreviation for hundredweight, 12cwt referring to the weight of the gun.
  3. ^ While Friedman and Conway's list the ship as having been renamed on 16 December 1912,[2][16] the ship remained listed under her original name in the March 1913 issue of The Navy List,[18] not being noted as having been renamed until the January 1914 edition.[19]
  1. ^ Friedman 2009, pp. 108, 114.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gardiner and Gray 1985, p. 74.
  3. ^ a b Friedman 2009, p. 118.
  4. ^ Manning 1961, p. 55.
  5. ^ Brown 2010, p. 68.
  6. ^ a b c d Gardiner and Gray 1985, p. 73.
  7. ^ Brown 2010, p. 69.
  8. ^ a b Friedman 2009, p. 116.
  9. ^ Friedman 2009, pp. 108–109.
  10. ^ Friedman 2009, pp. 116, 118.
  11. ^ Gardiner and Gray 1985, pp. 73–74.
  12. ^ Manning 1961, p. 26.
  13. ^ Gardiner and Gray 1985, pp. 18, 74.
  14. ^ a b c d e Friedman 2009, p. 305.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dittmar and Colledge 1972, p. 60.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Friedman 2009, p. 306.
  17. ^ a b c d Dittmar and Colledge 1972, p. 61.
  18. ^ "338: Naultilus Torpedo Boat Destroyer". The Navy List: p. 348. March 1913. 
  19. ^ "221a: Grampus (late Nautilus) (Ch). Torpedo Boat Destroyer". The Navy List: p. 322. January 1914. 
  20. ^ Dittmar and Colledge 1972, pp. 60–61.
  21. ^ "Wrecks Off Co. Londonderry". Irish-Wrecks Online. 24 January 2005. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  22. ^ Moore 1990, p. 314.
  • Brown, David K. (2010). The Grand Fleet: Warship Design and Development 1906–1922. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing.  
  • Cocker, Maurice (1983). Destroyers of the Royal Navy, 1893-1981. Ian Allan.  
  •  
  • Dittmar, F.J.; Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allen.  
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing.  
  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press.  
  • Manning, T.D. (1961). The British Destroyer. London: Putnam.  
  • Moore, John (1990). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London: Studio.  

See also

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.