World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Port Cros

Article Id: WHEBN0028618185
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Port Cros  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battles of World War II involving Canada, Club Run
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Battle of Port Cros

Battle of Port Cros
Part of the Mediterranean Theater of World War II

Port Cros (left) from space and Île du Levant (right).
Date August 15, 1944
Location Port-Cros, France, Mediterranean Sea
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
United States
Canada
Nazi Germany
Commanders and leaders
William C. Hughes unknown
Strength
Land:
1,800 infantry
Sea:
1 destroyer
Land:
5 forts
Sea:
1 corvette
1 aviso
Casualties and losses
9 killed 1 corvette sunk
1 aviso sunk
5 forts captured
Port-Cros
Location within France

The Battle of Port Cros was a battle of World War II fought off the French Riviera in the Mediterranean Sea on the island of Port-Cros. The battle began when a United States Navy warship encountered two German warships in August 1944 while supporting the Allied Operation Dragoon. It was one of the few surface engagements fought between the United States Navy and the German Kriegsmarine. Later that day, the combined American and Canadian Devil's Brigade was dropped on the main island and captured the German held positions.

Battle

The American destroyer USS Somers—armed with eight 5 in (130 mm) guns and twelve 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes[1][2]—was cruising in the Mediterranean on 15 August 1944 when she came across the former 738 long tons (750 t) Italian Gabbiano-class corvette Camoscio which was renamed UJ6081 by the Kriegsmarine. Also involved was the former French 917 long tons (932 t) aviso Amiral Senes, renamed SG21.[3] UJ6081 was armed with one 3.9 in (99 mm)gun and two 17.7 in (450 mm) torpedo tubes. The aviso was armed with two 4.1 in (100 mm) guns. It was early morning off Port Cros, about four hours before the Allied landing in Vichy France, when the Americans sighted the German corvette. Commander Willam Christopher Hughes ordered a torpedo attack and directed his men to battle stations.

USS Somers in 1942.

A spread of torpedoes was launched and the Germans opened fire as they attempted to maneuver out of harm's way. However, one torpedo slammed into the UJ6081's hull and she quickly began to sink. The SG21 was then spotted coming to the rescue. She was engaged by Somers '​ main gun battery. The ensuing duel lasted for a few minutes until SG21 was hit several times and began taking in water. Within a few more minutes, both German ships went down and Somers therefore left the area for naval gunfire support missions against targets along the French mainland. American forces suffered no damage or casualties.

Later that day, a mixed regiment of United States Army and Canadian Army infantry, the 1st Special Service Force, was dropped onto Port Cros and captured the five forts after a day long battle with their German garrisons. The Allies assaulted two or three forts and seized the remaining without resistance. Nine paratroopers were killed in the land battle.

Aftermath

As result of the battle, Commander Hughes was recognized for his victory and eventually rose to the rank of Rear Admiral partly due to his involvement in this action. After the engagement, the U.S. Army occupied Le Levant, another island nearby. Two days later, on 17 August, the former Italian corvette Antilope, renamed UJ6082, and the former Egyptian armed yacht Nimet Allah were sunk by USS Endicott with help from two British gunboats at the Battle of La Ciotat.

References

Notes

  1. ^ Ford, Roger (2001) The Encyclopedia of Ships, pg. 405. Amber Books, London. ISBN 9781905704439
  2. ^ (2001) Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II, pg. 284. Random House, London. ISBN 0517679639
  3. ^ Groner, p.237

Bibliography

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.