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Bankura is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Elevation 78 m (256 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 138,036
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722101
Telephone code 3242
Lok Sabha constituency Bankura
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bankura

Bankura (Pron: bænˈkʊərə) is a city and a municipality in Bankura District in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the Bankura District.


  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Cultural contribution 5
  • Tourism in Bankura 6
    • Eastern Zone 6.1
    • Western Zone 6.2
    • South Zone 6.3
    • Northern Zone 6.4
  • Education 7
  • Healthcare 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


In the Mahabharata, Bankura was described as Suhmobhumi. The word Larh or Rarh (in nagari: rāḍh) was introduced after 6th century A.D. It comes from the old Austric word ráŕhá or ráŕho which means “land of red soil”;[1] it is worth noting that in ancient times "China called Ráŕh by the name of “Láti”".[1] In Santali, lar means thread, rarh means tune and larh means snake. Perhaps the Jain and Greek scholars used this original Austric word Larh to indicate this dry forest region which was very difficult to access that time. The popularity of Manasa Puja, the worship of Snake-Goddess Manasa, proves this opinion might have some relevance. According to Nilkantha, a famous commentator of the Mahabharata, both the words Suhmo[bhumi] (sanskrit: suhma-bhūmi) and Rarh, are synonymous.

Scholars differs in their opinion about the etymology of the name Bankura. In the words of the Kol-Mundas, orah or rah means habitation. Many places of Rarh are named with the an added rah at the end of the name. One of the most influential God of the district Dharmathakur is called Bankura Roy. The name of the district may come from his name. Linguist Suniti Kumar Chatterjee thinks that the name came from the word Banka (zig-zag), and its word-corruption Banku, which means extremely beautiful, and he who must be worshiped. In 1979, the word “Bancoorah” was found in the map of Renal. In 1863, Gastrel referred this region as Bancoonda.


Bankura is located at .[2] It has an average elevation of 78 metres (255 feet).


In the 2011 census, Bankura municipality had a population of 138,036, out of which 70,734 were males and 67,302 were females. The 0–6 years population was 10,760. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 87.27 per cent.[3]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Bankura town had a population of 1,28,811. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bankura has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 81% of the males and 67% of females being literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Bankura
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions


Bankura Railway Junction is managed by the South Eastern Railways and is situated on the Adra-Midnapore rail route. It is located in Bankura city. Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express, Rupashi Bangla Express, Aranyak Express, Puri-New Delhi(Nandan Kanan) Superfast Express, Ernakulam-Patna Express, Howrah-LTT Samarsata Express and Purulia-Howrah Express pass through this station.It is the originating and terminating station of Bankura Damodar Railway which will connect to Howrah-Bardhaman Chord section. Computerized reservation facility is available. Going north-west, Adra Junction Railway Station is the nearest main station and moving south, Midnapore Railway Station is the major station next to Bankura.[5] The Bankura Railway Station & bridge over Dhaleshwari River were built by Gujarati Railway Contractors of the town Jeewan Gangji Savaria and Lalji Raja Vadher in 1900 working for Bengal Nagpur Railway. Bankura is linked with NH-34 on roadways.

Cultural contribution

Bankura has a rich cultural contribution to the school of Bengal. From Terracotta to modern art and from classic north Indian musical genre Bishnupur Gharana to rock bangali band Jiggasa and its own engineering college rock bands Edge of The Spirit and 7th String.

Tourism in Bankura

Bankura has gained much popularity among the tourists hailing from different places in India. The place has a rich cultural and traditional heritage. It is famous for its paintings, music and other forms of arts. It has gained lot of popularity among the tourists from all over India due to the beautiful locations and some historical destinations. The place has contributed great deal towards modern Bengal art and architecture. You can see the beautiful terracotta art and architecture in Bankura.[6] The tourist spots of Bankura can mainly divided into four zones.[7]

Eastern Zone

Jor Mandir
  • Bishnupur is one of the important tourist spot of Bankura district. It is 152 kilometer away from Kolkata and 34 kilometer away from Bankura Town. This place has an historical importance as it was the capital of Mallabhum. It is very famous for terracotta temples and Baluchari sarees. It is also popular for classical music dalmadal and painting. There are approximately 16 temples,most of which are made in the decade of Mallaraja. Important temples of Bishnupur are Jor Mandir, Rasmancha, Radhamadhab Temple, Kalachand Temple, Madan Mohan Temple, Radha-Gobinda Temple and Shyam Ray Temple.
  • Joyrambati,another tourist spot of Bankura is 98[8] kilometer away from Kolkata. It is a holy place as it was the Birthplace of Sree Sree Maa Sarada Devi. Temple of Singha Bahani Devi and Mayerepukur are also visiting sites.

Western Zone

  • Susunia Hill is another very important tourist spot of Bankura District. It is 50[9] kilometer away from Bisnupur and 21[10] kilometer away from Bankura town. It is famous for natural Spring and Silalipi.
  • Biharinath Hill, the tallest hill(448 Meter)[7] of Bankura District. It is situated in the north-western edge of Bankura District. It is 57 kilometer away from Bankura Town. It was an ancient center of Jainism. This place is Famous for its natural Beauty.[9] Biharinath offers hills, dense forest,water bodies, river Damodar, Renowned temple of Lord Shiva,Green unpolluted nature with salubrious atmosphere.Now Biharinath can boast for its advancement in tourism with a proper accommodation having A.C rooms and other modern amenities for today's tourist.

South Zone

Mukutmonipur Dam
  • Mukutmonipur is another important tourist spot of Bankura District. It is 55[9] kilometer away from Bankura District Headquarters. It is the Second biggest earther dam of India.[7] This place is very famous for its natural beauty and bluish tract of water.
  • Jhilimili is another tourist spot, 70 kilometer away from Bankura Town. The Beauty of this place lies in its dense natural forest.

Northern Zone

  • Durgapur Barrage
  • Gandoa Dam
  • Koro Pahar (Amar Kanan)


Bankura University 
Bankura Christian College front view


  • Bankura Sammilani Medical College and Hospital is the most important hospital of the district equipped with all major departments and diagonistics facilities.
  • Bankura Sub-Divisional Hospital is another important hospital of Bankura. It has the facility of Pediatric ward,Blood test and OT.[12]

See also


  1. ^ a b P.R. Sarkar Rarh - The Cradle of Civilization, Ananda Marga Publications, 1981, Kolkata
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bankura
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ ((
  6. ^ ((
  7. ^ a b c "Tourism, Bankura". Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "Kolkata to Jairambati". Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c "West Bengal Tourism,Bankura". Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "Distance from Bankura to Susunia Hill". Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Health Information of Bankura". Retrieved 8 September 2012. 

External links

  • Bankura travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Bankura Official Website
  • Bankura Christian College
  • SOFIA - A Social-welfare organization of Bankura
  • National Informatics Centre website
  • Bankura Unnayani Institute of Engineering website
  • Upcoming website with pictorial database on plants growing in Bankura district
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