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Azamgarh

Azamgarh
आज़मगढ़
اعظم گڑھ

Azam Garh
City
Azamgarh is located in Uttar Pradesh
Azamgarh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Azamgarh
Named for Azam
Government
 • Chairman Hari Agarwal BJP
 • MP Mulayam Singh Yadav (SP)
Area
 • Total 1,218.6 km2 (470.5 sq mi)
Elevation 64 m (210 ft)
Population
 • Total 110,983
 • Density 1,138/km2 (2,950/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, English, Avadhi, Bhojpuri
Time zone IST (UTC7)
PIN 276001
Area code(s) 05462
Vehicle registration UP 50
Website .in.nicazamgarh

Azamgarh is a town in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is headquarters of Azamgarh Division, which consists of Balia, Mau and Azamgarh District. Azamgarh is situated on the bank of Tamsa River (Tons).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Transport 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Climate 5
  • Literacy 6
  • Culture and language 7
  • List of theatres 8
  • Degree colleges 9
  • Engineering and Polytechnic Colleges 10
    • List of Engineering Colleges 10.1
    • List of Polytechnic Colleges 10.2
  • Pharmacy colleges 11
  • Medical colleges 12
  • Local Media 13
  • FM 14
  • Notable people 15
  • References 16
  • External links 17

History

Azamgarh, one of the easternmost districts of Uttar Pradesh, once formed a part of the ancient Kosala kingdom, except its north-eastern part. Azamgarh is also known as land of the sage Durvasa whose ashram was located in Phulpur tehsil, near the confluence of Tamsa and Majhuee rivers, 6 kilometres north from the Phulpur tehsil headquarters.

The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh, which was founded in 1665 by Azam, son of Vikramajit. Vikramajit a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar in pargana Nizamabad, like some of his predecessors, had embraced the faith of Islam. He had a Muhammadan wife who bore him two sons Azam and Azmat. While Azam gave his name to the town of Azamgarh, and the fort, Azmat constructed the fort and settled the bazar of Azmatgarh in pargana Sagri.[1] After the attack of Chabile Ram, Azmat Khan fled northwards followed by the interior forces. He attempted to cross the Ghaghra into Gorakhpur, but the people on the other side opposed his landing, and he was either shot in mid stream or was drowned in attempting to escape by swimming.

In 1688 A.D. during Azamt's lifetime, his eldest son Ekram took part in the management of the state, and after Azam's death he was perhaps left in possession together with Mohhabat, another son. The remaining two sons were taken away and for a time detained as hostages for their brothers' 'good behaviour'.

The successor of Ikram finally confirmed the title of his family to the Jamidari. Ikram left no heirs and was succeeded by Iradat, son of Mohhabat. But the real ruler all along had been Mohhabat, and after Ikram's death, he continued to rule in his son's name.

Geography

Azamgarh has an average elevation of 64 metres (209 feet).[2] Azamgarh consists of a series of parallel ridges, whose summits are depressed into beds or hollows, along which the rivers flow; while between the ridges are low-lying rice lands, interspersed with numerous natural reservoirs. The soil is fertile, and very highly cultivated, bearing good crops of rice, sugarcane, and wheat and orchards of mango and guava. Maize, gram, corn, mustard are other major crops

Transport

By road

Azamgarh is connected with Lucknow 268 km (167 mi) and Delhi 761 km (473 mi) by road. It has one of the biggest bus depots in eastern Uttar Pradesh and regular bus services to almost all district headquarters of Uttar Pradesh and also to Delhi. Recently A NH 233 Passed From Varanasi To Lumbini Via Azamgarh which is to be four and NH 233B is new rote in Azamgarh, Rajesultanpur, Gorakhpur Road

By train

Azamgarh station is one of the most important of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Azamgarh is directly connected to Delhi by Kaifiyat express, to Mumbai by Mumbai LTT - Azamgarh Weekly Express, Godaan express, to Ahmedabad, the state capital Lucknow, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Amritsar, to Kolkata by KOAA AMH Express (13137).

By air

Azamgarh has a new airport, Manduri Airport, 9 km (5.6 mi) away. The nearest big airport is Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport (Varanasi), 100 km (62 mi) away.

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Azamgarh urban agglomeration had a population of 393,401 out of which males were 202,297 and females were 191,104. The literacy rate was 70.93% per cent.[3]

Climate

Azamgarh experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with large variations between summer and winter temperatures.[4][5] Summers are long, from early April to October with intervening monsoon seasons, and are also extremely hot, even by South Asian standards. The temperature ranges between 22 and 46 °C (72 and 115 °F) in the summers. Winters in Azamgarh see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. Cold waves from the Himalayan region cause temperatures to dip across the city in the winter from December to February and temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) are not uncommon. The average annual rainfall is 1,110 mm (44 in). Fog is common in the winters, while hot dry winds, called loo, blow in the summers.[6] In recent years, the water level of the Tamsa has decreased significantly.

Climate data for Azamgarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(67)
24
(76)
31
(87)
37
(98)
38
(100)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(87)
27
(81)
22
(71)
29.9
(85.8)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(47)
12
(54)
17
(62)
22
(72)
25
(77)
27
(80)
26
(78)
26
(78)
24
(76)
21
(70)
15
(59)
11
(51)
19.5
(67)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.3
(0.76)
13.5
(0.531)
10.4
(0.409)
5.4
(0.213)
9.0
(0.354)
100.0
(3.937)
320.6
(12.622)
260.4
(10.252)
231.6
(9.118)
38.3
(1.508)
12.9
(0.508)
4.0
(0.157)
1,025.4
(40.37)
Source: [7][8]

Literacy

The average literacy rate of Azamgarh town in 2011 was 70.93%, compared to 56.95% in 2001. Male and female literacy were 81.34% and 60.91% respectively. For the 2001 census, In Azamgarh district. the corresponding figures were 71.04% and 43.40% The literate population of Azamgarh district was 2,771,917, of which male and female were 1,559,414 and 1,212,503 respectively.[9]

Culture and language

Azamgarh's culture is a reflection of Islamic culture, Avadh culture of Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Jaat culture of northern Uttar Pradesh. Since Azamgarh lies in the eastern part of the Uttar Pradesh, the traditional languages are Awadhi (20%), Bhojpuri (55%), Khadi Bhasha (18%) and Urdu (25%).

List of theatres

  • Vishal Talkies (Sidhari, Mau road)
  • Sharda Talkies (Shidhari Chowk)
  • Murli Talkies (Paharpur)
  • Shivam Palace Saraimeer
  • Vijay Palace Atraulia
  • Trimurti Mubarakpur
  • Sunjay Talkies Jiyanpur
  • Jaiswal Palace Sathion
  • Gaurav Chitra Mandir Lalganj
  • Prakash Mubarakpur

Degree colleges

  • Shibli National PG College Azamgarh - http://www.shiblicollege.ac.in/
  • Agrasen Girls Degree College
  • C B Inter & Post Graduate College Tarwa Azamgarh
  • Chandeswar Degree College
  • DAVPG College Azamgarh
  • DBSK Girls Degree College, Azmatgarh
  • Gandhi smarak triveni snatkottar mahavidyalaya bardah Azamgarh
  • Ganaga Gauri Mahavidyalya Baijabari, Azamgarh
  • Gandhi National PG College, Maltari Azamgarh
  • Gandhi Smarak Post Graduate Degree College Kolisa Azamgarh
  • Kooba P.G. College Dariyapur Newada, Azamgarh
  • Maa Sharda P.G. College Shambhupur Gahji Azamgarh
  • Mohammad Masood Khan Degree College Mangarawan Azmgarh
  • Mubarakpur Girls P. G. College Mubarakpur Azamgarh
  • Purvanchal PG College Rani Ki Srai Azamgarh
  • Shiva PG College Terahi Kaptanganj Azamgarh
  • Shri Krishna Geeta Rastriya Mhavidhyalya, Lalganj, Azamgarh
  • Sri Durga Ji P. G. College Chandeshwar Azamgarh
  • Sri Harihar Ji Mahavidyalay, Fariha, Azamgarh
  • Maa Murati Balika Mahavidhyalay, Balrampur P.A.C. Road, Azamgarh

Engineering and Polytechnic Colleges

List of Engineering Colleges

List of Polytechnic Colleges

  • Government Polytechnic, Azamgarh
  • Azad Polytechnic, Palhana, Azamgarh
  • Sri Kashi Chand Dev Yadav Pravidhik Shiksha Shikshan Sansthan, Azamgarh
  • Baba Vishwanath Institute of Technology, Amnaway Phoolpur, Azamgarh
  • M.S.D. Polytechnic College Baalpur, Kharaila, Saraipaltu, Azamgarh
  • Maa Buddha National Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nizamabad, Azamgarh
  • Maa Vaishnao Maa Sharda Polytechnic, Azamgarh
  • Savitribai Phule Government Polytechnic, Azamgarh
  • Swami Sahjanand Polytechnic, Pathwadh Kautuk, Sagdi, Azamgarh
  • Student Polytechnic,Civil Lines, Azamgarh

Pharmacy colleges

  • Pharmacy College Azamgarh
  • RK Pharmacy College Azamgarh (PCI Approved)

Medical colleges

  • Government Medical College, Azamgarh
    Government Medical College, Azamgarh
  • Government Homeopathic Medical College Azamgarh
  • Children Institute of Medical Sciences & Technology Azamgarh [10]
  • Dental College Azamgarh
  • Mission College Of Physiotherapy, Christian Hospital Sewa Sansthan-Harbanspur, Azamgarh (city)
  • Ibne Sina Tibbiya College & Hospital Beenapara Saraimeer Azamgarh

Local Media

Mostly all major English, Hindi and Urdu dailies including Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Dainik Jagran, Amarujala, Hindustan, Rashtree Sahara, Inquilab, Hausla News available in Azamgarh. Hindi and Urdu dailies also have their bureaus in the city. Almost all big Hindi TV news channel have stringers in the city.

FM

  • Voice Of Azamgarh (90.4) Community Radio.[11]
  • Air Vivid Bharti (102.2) which Broadcast from Mau District & Covers Azamgarh city too.

Notable people

  • Iqbal Abdulla (Indian cricketer)[12]
  • Kaifi Azmi (Urdu poet); lived in Azamgarh[13]
  • Shabana Azmi (Bollywood film actress, politician)
  • Waqar Azmi (British government's former Chief Diversity Adviser)
  • Frank F Islam (entrepreneur, investor and philanthropist who heads the FI Investment Group)
  • Zafarul Islam Khan (Journalist, Islamic scholar, activist, writer)
  • Shibli Nomani (Writer, educationist, poet), founded Darul Mussanifin in Azamgarh
  • Shaukat Hussain Rizvi pioneer of the Pakistani film industry. He married singer and actress Malika-e-Tarannum (Noor Jehan) and brought her to Azamgarh
  • Amar Singh (politician and businessman)
  • Nagendra Kumar Singh (National Professor (Dr. B.P.Pal Chair) under ICAR at National Research Centre for Plant Biotechnology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute)
  • Iqbal Suhail (Urdu poet, Islamic scholar, lawyer, educationist, politician); lived in Azamgarh[13]
  • Ram Naresh Yadav (Governor of Madhya Pradesh, politician, former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister)
  • Ramakant Yadav

References

  1. ^ "Origin of Name of Azamgarh :". Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Azamgarh". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  4. ^ Singh 1975, p. 4.
  5. ^ Pandey 1989, p. 13.
  6. ^ Singh & Rana 2002, p. 27.
  7. ^ "Seasonal Weather Averages".  , temperature data from Weather Underground
  8. ^ "Varanasi". Indian Meteorology Department. Retrieved 22 December 2010. , precipitation data from Indian Meteorology Department
  9. ^ "Azamgarh District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011.co.in. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.aicceds.org/institute.html
  11. ^ http://www.voiceofazamgarh.com/
  12. ^ Profile of Iqbal Abdulla, ESPN.
  13. ^ a b "The Azamgarh you don't know"; within Saikat Datta and Sharat Pradhan, "A place and its negative", Outlook, 6 October 2008, p.34. Here at Google Books.

External links

  • Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections
  • Azamgarh Assembly Elections
  • District Website
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