Autoput


Roads in Serbia are the backbone of its transportation system and constitute important transit roads in Europe. They are categorized as: state highways, class I; state highways, class II; local roads; municipal roads.[1] Total length of public roads in Serbia is 40,845 km, of which 5,525 km are state highways, class I (including 643 km of motorways and expressways); 11,540 km are state highways, class II, and 23,780 km are local roads.[2]

Motorways and expressways


Motorways (Serbian: Аутопут, Autoput) and expressways (Serbian: Брзи пут, ′′Brzi put′′) are the backbone of the road system in Serbia. There are 643 km of motorways and expressways.

Motorways in Serbia have three lanes (including emergency lane) in each direction, signs are white-on-green, as in the rest of former Yugoslavia and the normal speed limit is 120 km/h.

Expressways, unlike motorways, don't have emergency lanes, signs are white-on-blue and the normal speed limit is 100 km/h.

Although the Serbian word for motorway is "autoput", the "A1", "A2" or "A3" road designations are not used. Motorways have same designations as other state roads, but they can be marked only with one-digit numbers. All state roads, categorized as class I, that will be replaced with motorways in future, or that are already motorways, are marked with one-digit numbers and known as class Ia. All other roads, which belong to class I, are marked with two-digit numbers and known as class Ib. Expressways belong to class Ib, too. E-numeration is also widely used on motorways.

This is the list of roads in Serbia that are or will be motorways in future. ″Motorway length″ represents length of road that is already replaced with motorway.

Road Route Road length Motorway length
1 Border of Hungary near Horgoš - Novi Sad - Belgrade - Niš - Border of Macedonia near Preševo 584 km 505 km
2 Belgrade - Ljig - Preljina (intersection with state highway 4) 132 km -
3 Border of Croatia near Batrovci - Belgrade - Pančevo - Vršac - Border of Romania near Vatin 213 km 112 km (16 km with state highway 1)
4 Border of Bosnia and Herzegovina near Kotroman - Užice - Čačak - Kraljevo - Kruševac - Pojate (intersection with state highway 1) 225 km -
5 Niš (intersection with state highway 1) - Pirot - Dimitrovgrad - Border of Bulgaria near Gradina 109 km 19 km
6 Užice (intersection with state highway 4) - Border of Montenegro near Gostun (motorway will have completely different route: Požega (intersection with state highway 4) - Ivanjica - Border of Montenegro near Boljare) 109 km -
Total: 620 km

Expansion

Since 1991, motorways have been under constant expansion in Serbia. Current themes of expansion include the Pan-European Corridor X, and the proposed Corridor XI.

Yearly expansion figures:[3]

  • 2004 – 33 km
  • 2005 – 22.5 km
  • 2006 – 33,22 km
  • 2008 – 7.7 km
  • 2009 – 40.55 km
  • 2010 – 110 km[4]
  • 2011 – 180 km

As of October 2011, the northern part of Corridor X (Belgrade to Horgoš) is completed. Its sections were opened at the following dates:[5]

  • km 0 to km 28 – Horgoš to Bikovo – opened on 17 July 2011
  • km 28 to km 38 – Bikovo to Žednik – opened in 2009
  • km 38 to km 50 – Žednik to Bačka Topola – opened 20 July 2011
  • km 50 to km 71 – Bačka Topola to Feketić – opened on 10 August 2011
  • km 71 to km 80 – Feketić to ? – opened on 20 August 2011
  • km 80 to km 85 – ? to Srbobran – opened on 30 August 2011
  • km 85 to km 98 – Srbobran – Sirig – opened on 1 August 2011
  • km 98 to km 108 – Sirig – Novi Sad – opened in 2009

The Beška dual-carriage bridge has also been completed, with the reconstruction of the old bridge currently underway. Construction is also underway in the southern part of Corridor X (from Niš to the Bulgarian border), as well as from Leskovac to the Macedonian border. The government previously estimated that Serbia's portions of Corridor X would be completed by the end of 2013, but now 2016 is a more realistic target date.

Construction also continues on the proposed Corridor XI. Currently, there are a 12 km stretch between Ub and Lajkovac and a 40 km stretch between Ljig and Preljina under construction, and plans for the construction along the Sava river have been approved on 5 October 2011.

State highways

New classification of state highways in Serbia entered into force in 2012. Since 2012, they are categorized as state highways, class Ia; state highways, class Ib and state highways, class II. Until 2012, Yugoslav classification was in use.

State highways, class Ia

Roads that are motorways or will be replaced with motorways in future are categorized as state highways, class Ia. They are marked with one-digit numbers.

Road Route
1 Border of Hungary near Horgoš - Novi Sad - Belgrade - Niš - Border of Macedonia near Preševo
2 Belgrade - Ljig - Preljina (intersection with state highway 4)
3 Border of Croatia near Batrovci - Belgrade - Pančevo - Vršac - Border of Romania near Vatin
4 Border of Bosnia and Herzegovina near Kotroman - Užice - Čačak - Kraljevo - Kruševac - Pojate (intersection with state highway 1)
5 Niš (intersection with state highway 1) - Pirot - Dimitrovgrad - Border of Bulgaria near Gradina
6 Užice (intersection with state highway 4) - Border of Montenegro near Gostun (motorway will have completely different route: Požega (intersection with state highway 4) - Ivanjica - Border of Montenegro near Boljare)

State highways, class Ib

Major roads that won't be replaced with motorways in future are categorized as state highways, class Ib. Some of these roads are partially expressways. They are marked with two-digit numbers.

Road Route
11 Horgoš - Čoka - Kikinda - Zrenjanin - Krnjača
12 Kelebija - Subotica - Sombor - Odžaci - Bačka Palanka - Novi Sad
13 Novi Sad - Ruma - Šabac - Valjevo - Požega - Ivanjica - Sjenica
14 Đerdap I and Đerdap II - Negotin - Zaječar - Knjaževac - Niš - Prokuplje - Kuršumlija - Rudare - Boundary line with the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (control security checkpoint Merdare)
15 Batočina - Kragujevac - Kraljevo - Raška - Novi Pazar - Ribarići - Border of Montenegro near Špiljani
16 Mali Požarevac - Mladenovac - Kragujevac
17 Kladovo - Klokočevac
18 Kruševac - Blace - Beloljin
19 Apatin - Sombor - Kula - Vrbas - Bečej - Bašaid - Nova Crnja - Border to Romania near Srpska Crnja
20 Novi Sad - Zrenjanin - Sečanj - Plandište - Vršac
21 Ostružnica - Obrenovac - Šabac - Loznica - Border to Bosnia and Herzegovina near Mali Zvornik
22 Pančevo - Kovin - Požarevac - Kučevo - Majdanpek - Negotin - Border to Bulgaria near Mokranje
23 Loznica - Osečina - Valjevo - Lajkovac - Lazarevac - Aranđelovac - Krćevac (intersection with state highway 16)
24 Paraćin - Boljevac - Zaječar - Border to Bulgaria near Vrška Čuka
25 Bor - Zaječar (new road)
26 Border to Montenegro near Jabuka - Prijepolje - Sjenica - Novi Pazar
27 Boundary line with the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (control security checkpoint Sponce) - Lebane - Leskovac - Vlasotince - Babušnica - Pirot
28 Border to Hungary near Bački Breg - Bezdan - Sombor
29 Kuzmin - Border to Bosnia and Herzegovina near Sremska Rača
30 Border to Croatia near Bezdan - Bezdan
31 Border to Croatia near Bogojevo - Srpski Miletić
32 Raška - Boundary line with the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (control security checkpoint Rudnica)
33 Ribarići - Boundary line with the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (control security checkpoint Tabalije)
34 Bujanovac - Boundary line with the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (control security checkpoint Končulj)
35 Preševo (intersection with state highway 1) - Boundary line with the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (control security checkpoint Depce)
36 Ivanjica - Ušće (intersection with state highway 15)

State highways, class II

State highways, class II, are marked with three-digit numbers.

Road Route
100 Border to Hungary near Đala - Novi Kneževac - Mokrin

- Kikinda - Vojvoda Stepa

101 Kanjiža - Senta - Ada - Bečej - Temerin - Novi Sad (Temerin intersection)
102 Horgoš intersection - Subotica - Bačka Topola - Srbobran - Novi Sad - Inđija - Stara

Pazova - Belgrade (entrance)

103 Bajmok - Bačka Topola - Senta - Čoka - Crna Bara
104 Novi Bečej - Kikinda - Border to Romania near Nakovo
105 Bačka Topola - Kula - Silbaš - Bačka Palanka
106 Odžaci - Kula
107 Bač - Silbaš - Bački Petrovac - Rumenka - Novi Sad
108 Nova Crnja (intersection with state highway 19) - Banatsko Karađorđevo - Žitište -

Zrenjanin

109 Žitište - Begejci - Srpski Itebej - Border to Romania near Međa
110 Kać - Šajkaš - Perlez - Kovačica - Sečanj - Border to Romania near Jaša Tomić
111 Ečka - Kovačica - Pančevo
112 Uljma - Straža - Bela Crkva - Border to Romania near Kaluđerovo
113 Kovin - Vračev Gaj - Bela Crkva
114 Vršac - Straža
115 Border to Croatia near Šid - Šid - Adaševci - Jamena
116 Border to Croatia near Neštin - Sviloš - Beočin -

Rakovac - Novi Sad

117 Border to Croatia near Sot - Šid - Sremska Mitrovica -

Ruma - Pećinci - Bečmen - Surčin

118 Border to Croatia near Ljuba - Erdevik - Kuzmin
119 Ruma - Putinci - Golubinci - Stara Pazova
120 Bačka Topola - Bečej
121 Novi Bečej - Melenci
122 Kljajićevo - Bački Sokolovac
123 Alibunar - Plandište
124 Putinci - Inđija - Slankamen
125 Sviloš - Sremska Mitrovica - Bogatić - Border to Bosnia and Herzegovina near Badovinci
126 Majur - Bogatić
127 Belgrade - Grocka - Smederevo
128 Požarevac - Veliko Gradište - Golubac - Donji Milanovac - Porečki Most
129 Barajevo - Kosmaj - Mladenovac - Selevac - Smederevska Palanka - Velika

Plana - Petrovac - Žagubica - Bor

130 Požarevac - Aleksandrovac - Svilajnac - Despotovac - Ćuprija
131 Despotovac - Krepoljin
132 Mala Krsna - Markovac - Ćuprija - Ražanj - Deligrad - Aleksinac - Niš - Doljevac

- Leskovac - Predejane - Vladičin Han - Vranje - Preševo

133 Vukanja - Aleksinac - Sokobanja - Knjaževac - Kalna - Pirot
134 Niš - Gadžin Han - Bonjince
135 Gadžin Han - Brestovac
136 Vladičin Han - Surdulica - Vlasina lake - Border to Bulgaria near Strezimirovci
137 Ristovac - Klenike - Border to Macedonia near Prohor Pčinjski
138 Debrc - Ub - Slovac
139 Rvati - Stubline - Lajkovac
140 Šabac - Tekeriš - Zavlaka - Krupanj - Korenita
141 Belgrade - Trešnja - Ralja - Đurinci
142 Smederevo - Vodanj - Mladenovac
143 Valjevo - Sedlare - Rogačica - Bajina Bašta - Kremna
144 Mali Zvornik - Ljubovija - Rogačica
145 Bajina Bašta - Dubci - Užice
146 Kremna - Dubci
147 Županjac - Bogovađa - Mionica - Divčibare
148 Aranđelovac - Ljig - Mionica - Divci
149 Topola - Donja Šatornja - Rudnik
150 Topola - Rača - Markovac - Svilajnac
151 Beljina - Guča - Ivanjica
152 Bistrica - Priboj - Border to Bosnia and Herzegovina near Uvac
153 Nova Varoš - Uvac
154 Kratovska Stena - Lučani - Guča - Kaona - Drakčići
155 Ravni Gaj - Knić - Mrčajevci
156 Pobrđe - Pazarište - Tutin
157 Ljubić (Čačak) - Čibukovac (Kraljevo)
158 Kragujevac - Gornja Sabanta - Rekovac - Jasika - Kruševac
159 Vitanovac - Grabovac - Velika Drenova - Jasika
160 Biljanovac - Jošanička banja - Stopanja - Aleksandrovac - Čitluk
161 Jošanička banja - Kopaonik - Brzeće - Brus - Vitkovo
162 Vrnjci - Boturići - Brus - Razbojna
163 Kaonik - Kruševac
164 Mijatovac - Ćićevac
165 Deligrad - Ribare - Prokuplje - Bojnik - Leskovac
166 Prokuplje - Žitorađa - Doljevac - Topličko Kočane
167 Umka - Velika Moštanica
168 Leštane - Bubanj potok - Železnik
169 Požarevac - Kostolac
170 Gornja Sabanta - Jagodina
171 Rača - Cerovac
172 Majdanpek - Bor
173 Boljevac - Knjaževac
174 Bela Palanka - Pirot
175 Koceljeva - Ub - Stubline
176 Kragujevac - Gornji Milanovac
177 Sremska Mitrovica - Crna Bara - Prnjavor
178 Ralja - Smederevska Palanka
179 Salakovac - Malo Crniće - Petrovac
180 Majdanpek - Donji Milanovac
181 Vlasotince - Crna trava - Bosilegrad - Border to Bulgaria near Ribarci

European routes

The following European routes pass through Serbia:

  • Macedonia.
  • Romania.
    • section from Belgrade to border with Croatia is built to motorway standards.
  • Macedonia.
    • section from Grdelica to border with Hungary is built to motorway standards.
  • Bulgaria.
  • Croatia.
  • Zaječar.
    • section between Pojate and Paraćin is built to motorway standards and co-signed with E75.
  • Montenegro.
  • Niš.
  • Priština.

References

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