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Arish

Al Arish
العريش
Skyline of Arish, 1916
Skyline of Arish, 1916
Flag of Al Arish
Flag
Al Arish is located in Egypt
Al Arish
Location in Egypt
Coordinates:
Country  Egypt
Governorate North Sinai
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 164,830
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) (+20) 68

Arish or Al-Arīsh (Arabic: العريشal-ʿArīš  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: ) is the capital and largest city (with 114,900 inhabitants as of 2002) of the Egyptian governorate of North Sinai, as well as the largest city on the entire Sinai Peninsula, lying on the Mediterranean coast of the Sinai peninsula, 344 kilometers (214 mi) northeast of Cairo. Arish is distinguished by its clear blue water, widespread fruitful palmy wood on its coast, and its soft white sand. It has a marina, and many luxury hotels. The city also has some of the faculties of Suez Canal University.

Arish is by a big wadi, the Wadi Al Arish, which receives flash flood water from much of north and central Sinai. The Azzaraniq national park is on the eastern side of Arish.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Transport 3
  • Climate 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Australian Light Horse camp beside the seaside at Arish, 1915–18
Staff of von Kressenstein at Arish, 1916

The city grew around a Bedouin settlement near the ancient Ptolemaic Dynasty outpost of Rhinocolura. In the Middle Ages, pilgrims misidentified the site as the Sukkot of the Bible. ʻArīsh means "palm huts" in Literary Arabic.

New fortifications were constructed at the original site by the Ottoman Empire in 1560. During the Napoleonic Wars, the French laid siege to the fort, which fell after 11 days on February 19, 1799. During World War I, the fort was destroyed by British bombers. It was later the location of the 45th Stationary Hospital which treated casualties of the Palestine campaign. The remains of those who died there were later moved to Kantara Cemetery.

  • Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. - Al `Arish, Egypt
  • Detailed map of Egyptian towns and temples: http://unimaps.com/egypt/index.html (dead link since 2008, last copyright year of the unimaps domain indicated)

External links

  1. ^ . Britannica.com
  2. ^ Jerusalem: The Biography, page 380–381, Simon Sebag Montefiore, Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2011. ISBN 978-0-297-85265-0
  3. ^ until return
  4. ^ "Palestinian airline resumes flights." Agence France-Presse with the Khaleej Times. 10 May 2012. Retrieved on 10 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Al Arish, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. 13 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "El Arish Climate Normals 1961–1990".  
  7. ^ "El Arish, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 

References

See also

Climate data for Arish
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
31.7
(89.1)
38.1
(100.6)
41.0
(105.8)
44.2
(111.6)
45.0
(113)
38.8
(101.8)
36.4
(97.5)
39.2
(102.6)
38.4
(101.1)
36.0
(96.8)
32.6
(90.7)
45.0
(113)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
19.3
(66.7)
21.3
(70.3)
25.4
(77.7)
27.6
(81.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
29.3
(84.7)
30.2
(86.4)
28.2
(82.8)
24.8
(76.6)
20.5
(68.9)
25.6
(78.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.1
(55.6)
15.0
(59)
18.4
(65.1)
21.0
(69.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
24.4
(75.9)
21.8
(71.2)
17.7
(63.9)
13.9
(57)
19.5
(67.1)
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
7.9
(46.2)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
14.5
(58.1)
17.8
(64)
20.2
(68.4)
19.1
(66.4)
19.3
(66.7)
16.3
(61.3)
12.0
(53.6)
8.9
(48)
13.7
(56.7)
Record low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
0.9
(33.6)
2.0
(35.6)
5.6
(42.1)
8.2
(46.8)
10.9
(51.6)
16.3
(61.3)
19.5
(67.1)
15.1
(59.2)
11.0
(51.8)
1.7
(35.1)
3.0
(37.4)
0.9
(33.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
16
(0.63)
13
(0.51)
11
(0.43)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
6
(0.24)
9
(0.35)
22
(0.87)
106
(4.17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 1.2 1.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 1.0 6.1
Average relative humidity (%) 71 70 71 67 68 68 70 71 73 72 70 72 70
Source #1: NOAA[6]
Source #2: Climate Charts[7]

The highest record temperature was 45 °C (113 °F), recorded on May 29, 2003, while the lowest record temperature was −6 °C (21 °F), recorded on January 8, 1994.[5]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh). Although, prevailing Mediterranean winds moderate its temperatures, typical to the rest of the northern coast of Egypt.

Climate

The city is served by Arish International Airport. The construction of the northern coast highway in Egypt (North Sinai part) was expected to be finished by 2008 linking El-Qantarah at Suez Canal (in the west) to Gaza strip border passing by Arish. The railway line from Cairo is also under re-construction and it recently reached the "Ser and Qawarir zone" west of Arish. This route was formerly part of the Palestine Railway built during World War I and World War II to connect Egypt with Turkey. The railway was cut during the formation of Israel. The North Sinai is a milestone for the Egyptian government planners to re-distribute the high-density population in the Delta, and it is expected that by accomplishing the transportation and irrigation projects, 3 million Egyptians will settle in North Sinai.

Transport

Arish is the closest larger settlement to Lake Bardawil.

Arish is in the northern Sinai Peninsula and is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the Rafah border crossing with the Gaza Strip.[4]

Geography

Arish was under military occupation by Israel from 1967 to 1979 and briefly in 1956. It was returned to Egypt in 1979 after the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.

On December 8, 1958, an air battle occurred between Egyptian and Israeli air forces over Arish.[3]

[2]

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