World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este

Article Id: WHEBN0003583520
Reproduction Date:

Title: Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Polish–Austrian War, Battle of Raszyn (1809), Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este, Archduke Karl of Austria-Este, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Collection: 1781 Births, 1850 Deaths, Archdukes of Austria, Austrian Empire Commanders of the Napoleonic Wars, Austrian Generals, Austrian Princes, Bohemian Princes, House of Austria-Este, Hungarian Princes, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Knights of the Golden Fleece, Knights of the Military Order of Maria Theresa, Knights of the Order of Saint Hubert, Knights of the Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, Knights of the Royal Guelphic Order, Modenese Princes, People from Milan, Recipients of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky, Recipients of the Order of St. Andrew, Recipients of the Order of St. Anna, 1St Class, Recipients of the Order of the Black Eagle, Recipients of the Order of the Red Eagle, Recipients of the Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Tuscan Princes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este

Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph (lithography by Joseph Kriehuber, 1841).

Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este (25 April 1781 – 5 November 1850) was the third son of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and of his wife Princess Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, last member and heiress of the House of Este. For much of the Napoleonic Wars he was in command of the Austrian army.

Ferdinand was born at Milan. He attended the military academy in Wiener Neustadt before embarking on a military career. In 1805 in the war of the Third Coalition against France, Ferdinand was commander-in-chief of the Austrian forces with General Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich as his quartermaster general. In October his army was surrounded at Ulm. General Mack surrendered, but Ferdinand managed to escape with 2000 cavalry to Bohemia. There he took command of the Austrian troops and raised the local militia. With a total of 9,000 men he set out for Iglau to distract attention from the Coalition's movements. He succeeded in holding the Bavarian division of Prince Karl Philipp von Wrede in Iglau thereby and preventing it from joining the Battle of Austerlitz.

In 1809 in the war of the Fifth Coalition against France, Ferdinand commanded an Austrian army of 36,000 men. In April he invaded the Duchy of Warsaw hoping to encourage a local uprising against Napoleon (see Polish-Austrian War). But the Poles rallied to Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski. Ferdinand was defeated at the Battle of Raszyn, but managed to occupy Warsaw. In June, however, Ferdinand was compelled to withdraw from Warsaw, and to give up Kraków and Galicia as well.

In 1815 in the war of the Seventh Coalition against France, Ferdinand commanded two divisions of the Austrian Reserve. The following year he was appointed military commander in Hungary.

In 1830 Ferdinand was appointed military and civil governor of Galicia, taking up residence in Lviv. After the Revolution of 1848 he resided mostly in Italy.

Ferdinand never married. In 1850 he died at Schloss Ebenzweier in Altmünster near Gmunden, Austria.

Contents

  • Honours and awards 1
    • Austria 1.1
    • Foreign honours 1.2
  • Ancestry 2
  • References 3

Honours and awards

Austria

Foreign honours

Ancestry

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.