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Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1817–1886)

 

Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1817–1886)

For other people named Maria Theresa of Austria, see Maria Theresa of Austria (disambiguation).
Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
Comtesse de Chambord

Spouse Henri, comte de Chambord
Full name
German: Maria Theresia Beatrix Gaëtane
House House of Austria-Este
House of Bourbon
Father Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Mother Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Born (1817-07-14)14 July 1817
Modena, Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Died 25 March 1886(1886-03-25) (aged 68)
Gorizia, Austria–Hungary (now in Italy)
Burial Kostanjevica Monastery, Nova Gorica, Slovenia

Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (German: Maria Theresia Beatrix Gaëtane, Erzherzogin von Österreich-Este, Prinzessin von Modena[1][2]) (14 July 1817, Modena, Duchy of Modena and Reggio[1][2] – 25 March 1886, Gorizia, Austria–Hungary[1][2]) was a member of the House of Austria-Este and Archduchess and Princess of Austria, Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, and Modena by birth. Through her marriage to Henri, comte de Chambord, Maria Theresa was also a member of the House of Bourbon. Henri was disputedly King of France and Navarre from 2 to 9 August 1830 and afterwards the Legitimist Pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883. Maria Theresa was the eldest child[1][2] of Francis IV, Duke of Modena and his wife Maria Beatrice of Savoy.[1][2]

Life

Maria Theresa married Henri, comte de Chambord, the posthumous son of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of Charles X of France, by his wife, Princess Caroline Ferdinande of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies, by proxy on 7 November 1846 in Modena and in person on 16 November 1846 in Bruck an der Mur.[1][2] Maria Theresa and Henri produced no children.

Maria Theresa had been chosen as Henri's wife by his paternal aunt Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France. Marie-Thérèse sought to ally the exiled French Royal Family with the House of Austria-Este for several reasons: it was Roman Catholic and the only royal family not to have recognized the July Monarchy of Louis-Philippe of France. Henri had actually preferred Maria Theresa's youngest sister, Maria Beatrix.

After Henri's death on 24 August 1883, Maria Theresa and a minority of Henri's supporters held that Juan, Count of Montizón, as senior male descendant of Louis XIV, was his successor. Juan's wife was Maria Theresa's sister, Maria Beatrix.[1][2]

Maria Theresa was instrumental in building a crypt for the French Royal Family at the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady on Castagnavizza in Görz (now in Nova Gorica, Slovenia).[3] It was her wish that the last of the Bourbons be gathered in one place together within the monastery at Castagnavizza.[3] Three years after the death of her husband Henri, Maria Theresa died on 25 March 1886 in Görz, then Austria and was interred with her husband in the crypt of the church of Franciscan Monastery of Castagnavizza in Görz, then Austria, now Kostanjevica in the Slovenian town of Nova Gorica. [3]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 14 July 1817 – 7 November 1846: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Princess of Modena
  • 7 November 1846 – 24 August 1883: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Countess of Chambord, Duchess of Bordeaux
    • disputedly Queen consort of France and Navarre
  • 24 August 1883 – 25 March 1886: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Dowager Countess of Chambord, Dowager Duchess of Bordeaux
    • disputedly Queen dowager of France and Navarre

Honours

Ancestry

References

Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1817–1886)
Cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Born: 14 July 1817 Died: 25 March 1886
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France
— TITULAR —
Queen consort of France and Navarre
Legitimist pretender to the French throne
7 November 1846 – 24 August 1883
Reason for succession failure:
July Revolution
Succeeded by
Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
or
Marie Isabelle of Orléans
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